Jeffrey Bright Jeffrey Bright

Jeffrey Bright is a photographer who’s main interest is to document social and political issues around the world. Born in the west of Ireland he graduated from Dun Laoghaire IADT, where he studied Bachelor of Arts (Hons) Photography. Since then he has been based in numerous countries worldwide from Latin America, Asia to the Middle East submitting to various NGO’s and agencies. His deep interest in current and social affairs are the driving force behind his work.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil wells in Bojonegoro a regency in East Java. Previously known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is now the focus of renewed attention after a new oil field was found in the area. Bojonegoro, Indonesia.

Traditional oil wells in Bojonegoro Indonesia. Bojonegoro is a regency in East Java, Indonesia, about 110 km west of Surabaya. Previously known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is the focus of attention in Indonesia as a new oil field has been found in this area. This oil find is the biggest oil discovery in Indonesia in three decades and one of the biggest reserve in Indonesia.

This part of Java has had a long association with oil, and the Dutch, Indonesia's former colonial rulers, operated oil fields in the area although never realized the potential of Cepu. Freelance oil men use rickety wooden frames with pulleys, a few still operated by hand, to retrieve oil in wells up to 400 meters (1,300ft) deep. They then heat the oil on wood fires to burn off water. Miners said they could earn from 200,000 rupiah ($20) a day shared between a team of at least three.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

Sulphur Mines Kawah Ijen Indonesia. In East Java, Indonesia lies Kawah Ijen volcano, 2,600 meters tall (8,660ft), topped with a large caldera and a 200-meter-deep lake of sulphuric acid. An active vent at the edge of the lake is a source of elemental sulphur, and supports a mining operation. Escaping volcanic gases are channelled through a network of ceramic pipes, resulting in condensation of molten sulphur. The sulphur, which is deep red in colour when molten, pours slowly from the ends of these pipes and pools on the ground, turning bright yellow as it cools. The cooled material is broken into large pieces the miners hack chunks off with steel bars, braving extremely dangerous gases and liquids with minimal protection. The miners often use insufficient protection while working around the volcano and are susceptible to numerous respiratory complaints. The sulphur is then carried out in baskets by the miners. Typical loads range from 60–100 kilograms, and must be carried to the crater rim approximately 200 meters above before being carried several kilometres down the mountain. Most miners make this journey twice a day. The miners are paid by a nearby sugar refinery by the weight of sulphur transported 1 kg selling for 625 Indonesian Rupiah, the typical daily earnings were equivalent to approximately € 6 to € 9. The sulphur is then used for vulcanising rubber, bleaching sugar and other industrial processes.

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Illegal Gold Mines Indonesia
Tumpang Pitu, Pesanggaran, Banyuwangi, EastJava, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
13 Jan 2011

The U.N Minamata Convention on Mercury is scheduled to be adopted and opened for signature at a Conference of Plenipotentiaries (Diplomatic Conference) in Kumamoto and Minamata, Japan from 10 to 11 October 2013.
The booming price of gold in recent years has triggered a significant growth in small-scale mining where mercury is used to separate gold from the ore-bearing rock. Workers and their families involved in small-scale gold mining are exposed to mercury pollution in several ways including through inhalation during the smelting. Mercury is also being released into river systems from these small-scale operations where it can contaminate fish, the food chain and people downstream.
Although the use of mercury for small-scale gold mining is banned in Indonesia, it's difficult to enforce. And there's a hope that the forthcoming ratification of the U.N.'s convention will mean international assistance to help miners change the way they work. Today Indonesia ranks behind only China in the use of mercury in gold mining.

The tradition of mining gold started at least as early as the first millennium BC. Sought after since the beginning of recorded history, gold remains a highly valued metal, reaching record highs on September 2011, Gold prices peaked at $1,921 an ounce. Gold prices rose as investors worried about the potential for another U.S. recession. Recently the bank lifted its gold price outlook for 2013 to $1,446 per ounce from $1,396, and kept its 2014 forecast unchanged at $1,435 an ounce.
This rise in the price of and demand for gold has created a gold rush since the mid 2000 across Ghana, Brazil, Peru and Indonesia to name but a few.There are an estimated 10-15 million unregulated gold miners around the world, operating in 70 countries. Indonesia is one of the world’s largest informal producers of this precious metal.
Currently, Indonesia produces around four percent of global gold production. In Indonesia the government estimates there are 62,000 illegal miners across the country, twice the number working legally.
But it also seeks to recognize the rights of indigenous miners and calls on legal mining firms to provide more help to local communities. One of those local communities is Presanggaran as small town located just east of mount Tumpang Pitu in Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia.
The mine has been in operation since June 2009 and local villagers have begun protesting because the waste produced by the mine is polluting the environment.
The gold mine in Tumpang Pitu which is a nature conservation area has sparked controversy in connection with threats to wildlife around the protected forest. Also the contamination by ore and mercury is a menace to the life and productivity of the local community.

Media created

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 79
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Dec 2011

After three days of clashes the military erected a concrete wall next to the Scientific Institute near cabinet offices blocking off the street. The historic institute, which housed a large selection of rare and ancient books and documents, was set on fire during clashes between protesters and security forces. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 19/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 78
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Dec 2011

Children sit on top of air conditioning of the Scientific Institute near cabinet offices. The historic institute, which housed a large selection of rare and ancient books and documents, was set on fire during clashes between protesters and security forces. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 19/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 77
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Dec 2011

Protesters celebrate on top of destroyed car following three days of clashes with military next to Cabinate offices. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 19/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 76
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A lone protester stands in front of members of the military on a third day of continuing clashes in the capital. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 75
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

At least ten people have died in the past three days. The military backed prime minister, Kamal al-Ganzouri, has accused the protesters of being counter revolutionaries, and has denied that security forces have opened fire with live ammunition. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 74
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Pro-reform demonstrators are demanding that Egypt's military rulers hand over power to genuine civilian control more swiftly. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 73
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

The violence has come following the second round of Egypt's multistage elections, held 10 months after longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak was ousted during mass protests in February. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 72
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protester uses a slingshot against members of the military on a third day of continuing clashes. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 71
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

An Egyptian protester takes cover from flying rocks during clashes with the military. During the third day of violence which began when one of several hundred peaceful protesters staging a sit-in outside the cabinet offices was detained and beaten by troops. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 70
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters use shields to take cover from flying rocks during clashes with the military. The protesters are demanding that the nation's ruling military immediately step down. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 69
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters use corrugated iron as shields to take cover from flying rocks during clashes with the military. The protesters are demanding that the nation's ruling military immediately step down. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 68
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters throw rocks at the military on the third day of what has come to be known as the Cabinate Office clashes. Rights groups and activists claim that the military is carrying on the practices of the old regime, including arresting and beating dissidents. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 67
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters throw rocks at the military on the third day of what has come to be known as the Cabinate Office clashes. Rights groups and activists claim that the military is carrying on the practices of the old regime, including arresting and beating dissidents. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 66
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A protester attempts to aid fellow Egyptian from rock been thrown by military and security forces from the surrounding buildings. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 65
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Many Egyptians have grown increasingly wary of the military and frustrated with its handling of the country’s transition period, and many activists accuse the military of trying to hang on to power. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 64
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters throw rocks at the military on the third day of what has come to be known as the Cabinate Office clashes. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 63
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters use corrugated iron and sheets of metal as shields to take cover from flying rocks during clashes with the military. Soldiers on rooftops pelted the crowds below with stones, prompting many of the protesters to pick up helmets, satellite dishes or sheets of metal to try to protect themselves. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 62
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters use corrugated iron as shields to take cover from flying rocks during clashes with the military. The protesters are demanding that the nation's ruling military immediately step down. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 61
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A protester runs for cover as molotov cocktails are thrown between protesters security forces from the surrounding buildings. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 60
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters use corrugated iron and sheets of metal as shields to take cover from flying rocks during clashes with the military. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 59
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters throw rocks at the military on the third day of what has come to be known as the Cabinate Office clashes. Rights groups and activists claim that the military is carrying on the practices of the old regime, including arresting and beating dissidents. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 58
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters throw rocks at the military on the third day of what has come to be known as the Cabinate Office clashes. The Muslim Brotherhood said that it blamed the generals for the continuing violence outside the Parliament building. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 57
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters run for cover as military throw stones to disperse protesters. Egyptian soldiers clashed with protesters in central Cairo for a third consecutive day. The violence highlights tensions in Egypt 10 months after a popular revolt toppled President Hosni Mubarak. The army generals who replaced him have angered some Egyptians by seeming reluctant to give up power. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 56
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Security personnel move from behind their barricade and begin to advance throwing rocks towards protesters. During the third day of clashes surrounding the Cabinate Offices. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 55
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A charge from behind their barricade by the military and security personnel causes a stampede by the hundreds of protesters gathered at the Cabinate Offices on the third day of clashes. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 54
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters carry an injured man to a motorcycle to be taken away for medical assistance. At least 10 protesters are believed to have been killed with hundreds wounded in the three days of violence which began outside the Cabinate Offices in central Cairo. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 53
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters carry an injured man during clashes with military and security personnel. At least 10 protesters are believed to have been killed with hundreds wounded in the three days of violence which began outside the Cabinate Offices in central Cairo. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 52
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A protester looks on as rocks and debris are thrown between protesters security forces from the surrounding buildings. The protesters are demanding that the nation's ruling military immediately step down. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 51
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A protester walks by graffiti reading 'This is where i'll die' written on a post at the corner of Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street amids the third day of Cabinet Office clashes. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 50
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protester holds a wanted poster of a member of the security personnel photographed beating a female protester. Rights groups and activists claim that the military is carrying on the practices of the old regime, including arresting and beating dissidents. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 49
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Military officers located on the top of the Cabinet Office and People’s Assembly buildings started to throw rocks and marble bricks, resulting in many injuries and deaths among the protesters. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 48
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A protester uses a shield to take cover from flying rocks during clashes with the military. The protesters are demanding that the nation's ruling military immediately step down. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 47
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protester carries an injured man during clashes with military and security personnel. At least 10 protesters are believed to have been killed with hundreds wounded in the three days of violence which began outside the Cabinate Offices in central Cairo. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 46
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A charge from behind their barricade by the military and security personnel causes a stampede by the hundreds of protesters gathered at the Cabinate Offices on the third day of clashes. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 45
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A charge from behind their barricade by the military and security personnel causes a stampede by the hundreds of protesters gathered at the Cabinate Offices on the third day of clashes. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 44
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

Protesters clashed with military personnel in Cairo for a third consecutive day. Hundreds of protesters threw stones at security forces that have sealed off the streets around parliament buildings.
The violence erupted a day earlier after soldiers stormed an anti-military protest camp outside the Cabinet building near Tahrir Square. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 43
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A protester kneels with his arms raised towards the military amidst clashes. Hundreds of protesters threw stones at security forces that have sealed off the streets around parliament buildings.
The violence erupted after soldiers stormed an anti-military protest camp outside the Cabinet building near Tahrir Square. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 42
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Dec 2011

A protesters amids the clashes with a military's riot shield and helmet. Pro-reform demonstrators are demanding that Egypt's military rulers hand over power to genuine civilian control more swiftly. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 18/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 41
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Dec 2011

Protesters clashed with military personnel in Cairo for a second consecutive day. Hundreds of protesters threw stones early Saturday morning at security forces that have sealed off the streets around parliament buildings.
The violence erupted a day earlier after soldiers stormed an anti-military protest camp outside the Cabinet building near Tahrir Square, sparking clashes that left at least eight protesters dead. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 17/12/2011

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Cabinet Office clashes Cairo 40
Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt.
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Dec 2011

Protesters clashed with military personnel in Cairo for a second consecutive day. Hundreds of protesters threw stones early Saturday morning at security forces. According to Egyptian state TV and the country's health ministry, eight people have died and more than 300 people have been injured since the clashes began in Cairo on Friday. Al-Qasr Al-Aini Street, Cairo, Egypt. 17/12/2011