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Gas Shortage in Aden, Yemen
Aden, Yemen
By Edouard Dufrasne
04 May 2015

The scarcity of petrol is noticeable in the city of Aden, Yemen. Hundreds of cars and trucks queue for days in front of the few gas stations that are still being supplied. Some people have been waiting for as much as 10 days to refuel, sometimes sleeping in their car. Many of them come from out of town, where prices have risen in excess of 5$ per liter, whereas in Aden, the Popular Committees have imposed that prices remain the same.

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Thousands Queue Amidst Fuel Shortage ...
Sanaa
By assamawy
03 Apr 2015

The impact of the ongoing war on Yemen's people has now begun to appear in the form of extremely long lines outside of gas stations. Sana'a, which has around 3m people, has suffered from fuel shortages for several months out of the past year. People not only use fuel for cars, but also for home generators since the country has no stable electricity and electricity cuts can last for more than 12 hours a day. As such, people depend mainly on personal generators to lighten the dark nights. Though expensive, the people of Yemeni have no other options.

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This Is How ISIS Refines Oil in Mosul
Mosul, Iraq
By omariq
27 Mar 2015

March 2015
Mosul, Iraq

On the roads around Mosul, Iraq's second largest city and taken by ISIS in June 2014, it is not uncommon to see roadside oil transactions.

In between ISIS billboards, civilians pull up to oil tankers parked on the side of the road to buy gas, petrol, and diesel to meet their daily needs.

Secret footage filmed in a town south of Mosul city shows a makeshift oil refinery, one of more than 2,000 similar installations, according to local sources. A Transterra Media contributor describes the refining process that takes place at the site, which was vacant at the time of filming.

Crude oil is brought to such refineries from wells in the provinces of Salahuddine and Mosul. Refined oil products are then sold in neighboring villages through distributors licensed by ISIS.

ISIS has divided Mosul province into three administrative districts: Wilayat (or province of) Mosul, which includes Mosul city and the Nineveh plain; Wilayat Dijla, south of Mosul city; and Wilayat al-Jazeera, west of Mosul city. The militant group considers Mosul the capital of its self-proclaimed state.

According to locals, ISIS controls the entire oil trade in the area. No one can sell oil without its permission.

The contributor's identity and the name of the town have been withheld at the contributor's request.

Shot List:

Traveling of road sign that reads: "The Islamic State. Wilayat [province] of Dijla." NOTE: The name of the town was blurred for security reasons.
Traveling of road sign that reads: "The Islamic State. Wilayat Dijla
Traveling of mobile oil tanker parked on roadside selling fuel to passersby
Various of makeshift oil refinery with voice over

Voice Over (Arabic)
00:38 – 02:17

“This is an oil refinery in Mosul. Crude oil is poured into these barrels. The barrels are then emptied into this tank, under which fire is started. When temperature rises, crude oil evaporates. Steam comes out of these tubes, which pass through water in order for steam to condense and become liquid.
Liquid comes out here. First, gasoline is collected. Afterwards, white oil [kerosene] comes out of the pipes, followed by gas oil [fuel oil].
Lighter substances come out first, followed by denser ones. These substances are then sold on the market.”

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Gazans Use Propane to Fuel Cars (Shor...
Gaza
By Yasser Abu Wazna
05 Nov 2014

Gaza, Palestinian Territories
November 4, 2014

The ongoing Israeli blockade on the Gaza Strip and the recent closure of most the tunnels used for smuggling goods from Egypt has led to a severe fuel shortage. As a result, some Gazans are modifying their car engines and generators to make them run on propane instead of gasoline. Propane is widely used for cooking in Gaza.

Shot list:

00:00 – 00:05
A general shot shows cars driving in both directions on a main road in Gaza City.

00:06 – 00:11
A close shot shows the exhaust pipe of a taxi as it drives away.

00:12 – 00:18
A medium shot shows many parked taxis and men standing and chatting; a female passenger gets out of one of them.

00:19 – 00:20
A medium shot shows a street-food shop.

00:21 – 00:27
A medium shot shows the same street-food shop from a different angle.

00:31- 0:34
A medium shot shows an electric generator running and connected to a gas canister.

00:35 – 01:01
Interview with Ahmad Abu al-Anzi, a male curtain store owner, Arabic/ interview transcript below

01:02 – 01:07
A medium shot shows Ahmad Abu al-Anzi, a male curtain store owner at work.

01:08- 01:10
A wide shot shows the façade of Daban Company for gas supply.

01:11- 00:14 A medium shot shows two men standing and another around gas canisters.

00:14 – 00:19
A pan right movement shows a man carrying a gas canister.

00: 20 – 00:34
Traveling shot from inside a taxi shows the car stopping to pick up a female passenger.

00:35-01:53
Interview with Mustafa Eid, male taxi driver/ interview transcript below

01:54 – 02:06
Interview with Haneen Abu Medean, a female passenger, Arabic/ interview transcript below

02:07 – 02:40
Interview with Ayman Seidam, a mechanic, Arabic/ interview transcript below

02:41- 03:35
Interview with the spokesman of the Ministry of Transportation Khalil Mosbah al-Zayyan/ interview transcript below

Interviews

00:35 – 01:01
Interview with Ahmad Abu al-Anzi, a male curtain store owner, Arabic
“Because of the gasoline shortage, you have to use propane to fuel electric generators and carry on with your work… There are power shortages that could last from six to seven hours and the power is on during the night while you cannot work. You have to use any alternative kind of fuel to keep working.”

00:35-01:53
Interview with Mustafa Eid, male taxi driver
“I altered the car because of the gasoline shortage... In the past, we used to get gasoline through tunnels from Egypt, but they were closed about a year ago, so we switched to propane to save money.”

01:54 – 02:06
Interview with Haneen Abu Medean, a female passenger, Arabic

-Do you know that this car is running on gas?

-Yes, I know.

-What do you think of that?

-This is normal, because there is no gasoline but [propane] is available.

02:07 – 02:40
Interview with Ayman Seidam, a mechanic, Arabic
“I am disconnecting the filter because I want to set the propane machine. It is not working properly. The propane machine does not change the engine; it only stops the flow of gasoline. Gasoline is expensive here, so people have to switch to using propane. We install a small device to pump propane instead of gasoline into the engine using the injection system. “This is the propane device. It is made in Turkey and called Fima.”

02:41- 03:35
Interview with the spokesman of the Ministry of Transportation Khalil Mosbah al-Zayyan, Arabic
“Altering taxis to make them run on propane is against the law, but due to the siege on the Gaza Strip and the large assault against the Palestinian people that comes with it, many taxi drivers are customizing their cars to make them run on propane. It is against the law and the ministry of transportation does allow the installation of propane pipes in cars because it is dangerous… for the passengers. The ministry of transportation, in cooperation with the traffic police, is trying to resolve this problem by monitoring people who buy propane pipes [used in altering vehicles].

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Gazans Use Propane to Fuel Cars
Gaza
By Yasser Abu Wazna
04 Nov 2014

November 4, 2014
Gaza, Palestinian Territories

The ongoing Israeli blockade on the Gaza Strip and the recent closure of most the tunnels used for smuggling goods from Egypt has led to a severe fuel shortage. As a result, some Gazans are modifying their car engines and generators to make them run on propane instead of gasoline. Propane is widely used for cooking in Gaza.

Shot list

00:00 - 00:03
A medium shot shows a billboard advertising a reconstruction project in 2013.

00:04 – 00:07
A wide shot shows cars drive past the same billboard.

00:08 – 00:15
A general shot shows cars driving in both directions on a main road in Gaza City.

00:16 – 00:21
A close shot shows the exhaust pipe of a taxi as it drives away.

00:22 – 00:36
A medium shot shows many parked taxis and men standing and chatting; a female passenger gets out of a taxi.

00:37 – 01:03
Several shots show a street-food shop from different angles.

01:04 – 01:20
Several shots show an electric generator running and connected to a gas canister outside a curtain store and men inside the store.

01:21 – 01:48
Interview with Ahmad Abu al-Anzi, a male curtain store owner, Arabic/ interview transcript below

01:49 – 01:53
A medium shot shows Ahmad Abu al-Anzi, a male curtain store owner at work.

01:54 – 02:09
Several shots show the Daban Company for gas supply from outside.

02:10 – 02:13
A medium shot shows two men standing and another moving around gas canisters.

02:14 – 02:30
A pan right movement shows a man carrying a gas canister.

02:31- 03:01
Several shots show stored gas canisters.

03:03 – 03:26
Several shots show vehicles being filled with fuel at gasoline stations.

03:27 – 03:39
Several shots show cars driving by on main roads.

03:40 – 03:54
A traveling shot from inside a taxi shows the car stopping to pick up a female passenger.

03:55 - 04:14
Interview with Mustafa Eid, male taxi driver, Arabic / interview transcript below

04:15 - 04:28
Interview with Haneen Abu Medean, a female passenger, Arabic/ interview transcript below

04:29 - 05:23
Interview with Mustafa Eid, male taxi driver, Arabic / interview transcript below

05:24 – 05:37
Several shots show a car repair shop.

05:38 – 07:34
Interview with Aiman Seidam, male mechanic, Arabic/ interview transcript below

07:34 – 08:14
Several shots show a client driving his car into the repair shop and the mechanic Aiman Seidam working on the car.

08:15-08:46
Interview with Aiman Seidam, male mechanic, Arabic/ interview transcript below

08:47 – 09:26
A close shot shows the gas device installed on the engine while the mechanic explains how it works.
“This is the gas device, it is made in Turkey... It is connected to water pipes from the car and a gas pipe that can handle high pressure so it would not explode.”

09:27 – 10:12
A medium shot shows the mechanic Aiman Seidam standing next to the car.
“The gas device was not working properly so I am calibrating it.”

10:13 – 10:18
A wide shot shows the front of the car repair shop.

10:19 – 10:33
A tilt down movement shows the building of the Ministry of Transportation from outside.

10:34 – 10:41
A medium shot shows the spokesman of the Ministry of Transportation Khalil Mosbah al-Zayyan, sitting behind his desk and talking on the phone.

10:42 – 10:46
A close shot shows al-Zayyan’s desk plaque.

10:47 – 12:40
Interview with the spokesman of the Ministry of Transportation Khalil Mosbah al-Zayyan, man, Arabic/ interview transcript below

Interviews

01:21 – 01:48
Interview with Ahmad Abu al-Anzi, a male curtain store owner, Arabic

“Because of the gasoline shortage, you have to use propane to fuel electric generators and carry on with your work… There are power shortages that could last from six to seven hours and the power is on during the night while you cannot work. You have to use any alternative kind of fuel to keep working.”

03:55 - 04:14
Interview with Mustafa Eid, male taxi driver, Arabic
“I altered the car because of the gasoline shortage... In the past, we used to get gasoline through tunnels from Egypt, but they were closed about a year ago, so we switched to propaneto save money.”

04:15 - 04:28
Interview with Haneen Abu Medean, a female passenger, Arabic

-Do you know that this car is running on gas? -Yes, I know. -What do you think of that? -This is normal, because there is no gasoline but [propane] is available.

04:29 - 05:23
Interview with Mustafa Eid, male taxi driver, Arabic

“Today, a liter of Israeli gasoline costs 7 shekels [$1.85], it is expensive and drivers cannot afford it. Egyptian gasoline was sold for 3 or 3.5 shekels a liter. We were able to afford it and it was better for the car. But now we are forced to use propane. It is risky, but what can we do? We are under siege and things are out of our hands. The government turns a blind eye to altering cars because there is no alternative… there are no fines… There used to be Egyptian gasoline but now there is nothing. Only Israeli gasoline is available and it is very expensive.”

05:38 – 07:34
Interview with Aiman Seidam, male mechanic, Arabic

“Many people come to switch their car engines from gasoline to propane... [propane] devices come from Egypt and the road is closed, so the number of available devices is small. We can alter about two cars per week. The cost of altering a car depends on how much the propane device provider charges.
“People in Gaza started altering cars in 2007; the procedure used to cost 2,500 shekels. When propane devices became widely available the cost of altering cars dropped to 1,000 or 800 shekels. However, after the border crossing with Egypt was closed, the cost now varies between 900 and 1,000 shekels. “This is a propane device made in Turkey. You can connect the solenoid to it here. It does not affect the car’s mechanical system, but the propane that we are using is not suitable for cars. This is the solenoid, which complements the device. You can connect it here. “There could be risk if the person connects the device using ordinary propane tubes used for domestic purposes, which are usually blue or red. We use a special type of pipe, manufactured using high pressure.”

08:15-08:46
Interview with Aiman Seidam, male mechanic, Arabic

“I am disconnecting the filter because I want to set up the propane device. It is not working properly. The propane device does not change the engine; it only stops the flow of gasoline… We install a small device to pump propane into the engine instead of the gasoline injection system.”

10:47 – 12:40
Interview with the spokesman of the Ministry of Transportation Khalil Mosbah al-Zayyan, man, Arabic

“Altering taxis to make them run on propane is against the law, but due to the siege on the Gaza Strip and the large assault against the Palestinian people that comes with it, many taxi drivers are customizing their cars to make them run on propane. It is against the law and the ministry of transportation does allow the installation of propane pipes in cars because it is dangerous… for the passengers. The ministry of transportation, in cooperation with the traffic police, is trying to resolve this problem by monitoring people who buy propane pipes [used in altering vehicles].
“The [Israeli] occupation is mostly responsible for this problem because it does not allow allowing fuel and gasoline to enter the Gaza Strip, which has raised the price of gasoline. This adds to the ban on importing fuel from Egypt. This has largely affected the lives of Palestinian citizens… “When gasoline was imported from Egypt its price was not more than 3 shekels per liter. Now prices have gone up and the society in Gaza, which is poor and under siege, is being treated like the state of occupation [Israel], where there is a strong economy and a high income per capita.
“Israelis have very good living conditions in comparison with Palestinians, who probably live under the poverty line. Palestinians cannot afford these fuel prices.”

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Besieged Syrians Extract Fuel from Pl...
Eastern Ghouta
By Jawad Arbini
14 Aug 2014

Eastern Ghouta, Damascus, Syria

Syrians in the besieged Damascus suburb of Eastern Ghouta have found an innovative way to turn plastic waste into petrol in light of a fuel shortage in the deprived neighborhood. While this fascinating process produces a desperately needed resource, it is also a very dirty and polluting. Toxic smoke from burning plastic engulfs the little courtyard where the fuel is produced and is leading to respiratory problem amongst the men in charge of the project.

The price of one liter of gasoline in the besieged eastern Ghouta, in rural Damascus, varies between 2500-4000 Syrian Pounds.
The price of one liter of diesel is 2000 Syrian Pounds, which led the civilians to extract fuel from plastic, which caused the price of the liter to decrease to half the price.
The extracting method consists of putting the plastic in sealed barrels through which a water pipe to passes through for cooling purposes. Then a fire is lit underneath the barrels which allows the Methane to be released first, then gasoline, and finally diesel.
There are many types of extracted fuel and the determining factor for the type of fuel released is the type of plastic used.

SHOT LIST:
Various shots show the fuel extracting method.
Shots of the fire lit underneath the barrels, the cooling pipe, and the different types of plastic.
Obtaining diesel and fuel, which are similar in color, in addition to gas, which is not useful at the current time.
General shots of the stands where fuel is sold.

TRANSCRIPT:

Speakers: Abu Hassan, a plant owner
Nabil, owns a shop for selling fuel Abu Yasser, owns a shop for selling fuel

"Here we have the filtration process, we are turning fuel into diesel, and we are turing plastic into gasoline, diesel and oil. We are extracting gas for domestic use. The whole process is about boiling and filtering, from hot to cold. It is a basic procedure."

"One kilogram of plastic can produce 800 grams of liquid, gasoline and diesel."

"Gasoline reached the price of 4000-4200 Syrian Pounds ($20-$21), and the amounts available were minimal. However, we found a substitute by heating plastic and extracting methane, gasoline, and diesel."

"The price of diesel was 3200-3500 Syrian Pounds ($16-$18.50) per liter, which is considered very expensiv. So people were no longer able to purchase it, but after we started operating on plastic and started extracting diesel from it, the price decreased to 1200-1500 SP and it became more available."

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Sep 2013

Traditional oil miner gathers buckets of crude oil to begin the distillation process of converting it into diesel fuel. Distillation is accomplished by heating the filtered crude oil to between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F). Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Sep 2013

Motorcycle is loaded with drums of diesel and transported to nearby villages to be sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Homemade oil refineries (2 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

A farmhand stands nearby the home-made oil refinery, made of a rusted tank and no
more than some tubes in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

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Homemade oil refineries (6 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

Abu Zakharia's sons handle dangerous tasks, such as igniting the fire fueled by distillery waste in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

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Homemade oil refineries (7 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

Abu Zakharia's sons work with their father as one stands by the oil refinery and the other collects the produced diesel in an oil barrel in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

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Homemade oil refineries (5 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

A fire rages under the boiler filled with crude oil. The intense heat vaporizes the oil, after which the vapor can be cooled back down to diesel or petrol.Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013. View the full collection here: http://transterramedia.com/collections/1279

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Homemade oil refineries (8 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

A farmhand waits as the produced diesel pours into containers in Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

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Homemade oil refineries (9 of 12)
Ras al Ain, Syria
By Jeffry Ruigendijk
21 Apr 2013

Once the diesel is made, a farmhand observes it to make sure it's pure. Ras al Ain, Syria, April, 2013.

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New York Blackout Continues (4 of 10)
New York, USA
By Derek Henry Flood
01 Nov 2012

The city’s gasoline crisis has now become a paramount issue in the post-Sandy recovery. Not only are fuel supplies low or totally out but there is not electricity to power petrol stations. BP, Broadway and Lafayette (the former landmark Gaseteria).

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Egypt Interior and Oil Ministers Hold...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
29 Mar 2012

Cairo, Egypt | March 28, 2012

Egypt's Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim and Petroleum Minister Abdullah Ghorab held a joint press conference on Wednesday, March 28, clarifying the situation regarding the country's security conditions and the ongoing fuel crisis.
Egyptian Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said that he was ready to clear Tahrir Square if the parliament asked him to and if the political forces approved that those remaining at the Square were not revolutionaries but only thugs.
He added that the crime rate has greatly decreased to the point that he didn’t receive any reports of car robberies or kidnappings nationwide for about three or four days.
SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim:
"There is retreat in the accidents horrifying the citizens, such as car robbery, kidnapping and ordinary murders. We made a study comparing December to January, January to February and February to March. Why do we do that? It is to know if we're going on the right direction and if the procedures of the work plan are going well. I found out that, praise be to Allah, the plan is going well and there's crime retreat."

Ibrahim noted that within fifteen days only, the ministry confiscated 326 weapons, apprehended 178 escaped prisoners, discovered 45 gangs and foiled the smuggling of two million tons of fuel, stressing that the police succeeded to restore security at the Egyptian streets by more than 60%.
For his part, Oil Minister Abdullah Ghorab said that the country provides the market with 38,000 tons of gasoline and diesel every day, admitting that the issue lies in improper distribution.
SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Oil Minister Abdullah Ghorab:
"I pump 38,000 tons of fuel to the market every day. This is published by the Petroleum Authority on daily basis, including what's local and what's imported, mentioning the name of the ship. I read this statement in the newspapers and online. So, this number is real and disputable. I said that the issue has to do with distribution. We admit that there's shortcoming in distribution that we want to discuss further."

Ghorab stressed that illegal export of subsidized gasoline as solvents was part of the issue, besides the too old petroleum refineries requiring reparation and development.
He added that Egypt produces about 700,000 barrels of oil per day, which he described as very good and greater than the production of previous years.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: March 28, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Lebanon
Publishing Time: March 28, 2012
Length: 0:0
Video Size: MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:
1- Various shots of the joint press conference of Egypt's Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim and Petroleum Minister Abdullah Ghorab
2- Various shots of the reporters and attendees
3- SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim:
"There is retreat in the accidents horrifying the citizens, such as car robbery, kidnapping and ordinary murders. We made a study comparing December to January, January to February and February to March. Why do we do that? It is to know if we're going on the right direction and if the procedures of the work plan are going well. I found out that, praise be to Allah, the plan is going well and there's crime retreat." 4- Various shots of the joint press conference
5- SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Oil Minister Abdullah Ghorab:
"I pump 38,000 tons of fuel to the market every day. This is published by the Petroleum Authority on daily basis, including what's local and what's imported, mentioning the name of the ship. I read this statement in the newspapers and online. So, this number is real and disputable. I said that the issue has to do with distribution. We admit that there's shortcoming in distribution that we want to discuss further." 6- Various shots of the joint press conference

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
26 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner scoops crude out of collection tank. The oil which has settled on the top of the water will be distilled into diesel when heated in an oil drum and then sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil wells in Bojonegoro a regency in East Java. Previously known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is now the focus of renewed attention after a new oil field was found in the area. Bojonegoro, Indonesia.

Traditional oil wells in Bojonegoro Indonesia. Bojonegoro is a regency in East Java, Indonesia, about 110 km west of Surabaya. Previously known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is the focus of attention in Indonesia as a new oil field has been found in this area. This oil find is the biggest oil discovery in Indonesia in three decades and one of the biggest reserve in Indonesia.

This part of Java has had a long association with oil, and the Dutch, Indonesia's former colonial rulers, operated oil fields in the area although never realized the potential of Cepu. Freelance oil men use rickety wooden frames with pulleys, a few still operated by hand, to retrieve oil in wells up to 400 meters (1,300ft) deep. They then heat the oil on wood fires to burn off water. Miners said they could earn from 200,000 rupiah ($20) a day shared between a team of at least three.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the hoisting system for a new oil derrick. As they prepare to drill a new well. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the hoisting system for a new oil derrick. As they prepare to drill a new well. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the hoisting system for a new oil derrick. As they prepare to drill a new well. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the hoisting system for a new oil derrick. As they prepare to drill a new well. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A motorcycle is loaded with drums of diesel ready to be transported to nearby villages to be sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A motorcycle is loaded with drums of diesel ready to be transported to nearby villages to be sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A motorcycle is loaded with drums of diesel ready to be transported to nearby villages to be sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners watch on as distilled diesel fuel is slowly syphoned off into a collection bucket. Then it will be transferred to 20 litre drums ready for collection. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner separates water from the crude oil in the collection tank. The oil which has settled on the top of the water will be distilled into diesel when heated in an oil drum and then sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner gathers crude out of collection tank. The oil which has settled on the top of the water will be distilled into diesel when heated in an oil drum and then sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner pours some crude oil into a steal drum as part of the distillation process, creating diesel fuel. Distillation is accomplished by heating the filtered crude oil to between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F). Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners finish off the construction of a new oil derrick made of trees from the surrounding forest. This area in Cepu Indonesia is known as the 'eternal oil field'. Miners frequently set up new oil wells in the area. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the pulley system for a new oil derrick this area in Cepu Indonesia is known as the 'eternal oil field'. Miners frequently set up new oil wells in the area. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare a disused oil derrick for renewed operation. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil wells in Bojonegoro a regency in East Java. Previously known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is now the focus of renewed attention after a new oil field was found in the area. Bojonegoro, Indonesia. 25/01/2011.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Oil is pumped from the ground using a truck engine. The body of the truck is discarded and the engine and gearbox are set on the ground. A cable is wound around one of the wheels, which is then attached to the down hole pump. The operator puts the engine in neutral to drop the pump into the hole, and then puts it in reverse to wind up the wheel and pump out the crude oil/water emulsion. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A traditional oil miner takes a rest as he waits for his processed diesel to be collect for sale in nearby villages. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Distilled diesel oil pours into a tank as miner waits for the sale to a distributor, when it will be sold in nearby villages.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner pours diesel fuel into drums which will be transported to nearby villages to be sold. Miners said they could earn from 200,000 rupiah ($20) a day shared between a team of at least three. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A down hole pump releases a wave of crude oil and water onto the ground as part of the process of oil extraction. The miner uses a branch to control the down hole pump as it exits the ground. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner prepares a fresh barrel with which to distil crude oil into diesel. Oil drums are buried in the ground with a pit dug beneath for the fire, creating a kilning effect the refining process can begin, lasting around 6-8 hours. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

Thumb sm
Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner prepares a fresh barrel with which to distil crude oil into diesel. Oil drums are buried in the ground with a pit dug beneath for the fire, creating a kilning effect the refining process can begin, lasting around 6-8 hours. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011