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Oil Giant Active Amidst Bombing Campaign
shabwah
By Dhaifallah Homran
27 Mar 2015

March 27, 2015
Shabwa, Yemen

00:00 - 01:40
External footage shot on March 27, 2015 of liquefied natural gas plant run in Shebwa

01:41 - 01:59
Archival footage of offices inside's Shebwa's liquefied natural gas plant

B-roll footage of liquefied natural gas plant co-owned by transnational oil giant Total in the province of Shabwa. Though its headquarters in Sanaa have been closed for the time being, the company released a statement saying the Saudi-led bombing campaign has not prevented it from continuing its refining operations.

In early 2015, Houthi militants seized control of the Yemeni capital Sanaa and headed south to the port town of Aden, where President Hadi was hiding. This prompted a Saudi-led coalition to begin a bombing campaign in Yemen.

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Yemenis Block-off Main Roads and Burn...
Sana'a
By Yousef Mawry
30 Jul 2014

July 30, 2014
Sana'a, Yemen

Hundreds of Yemenis blocked off main roads and burned tires, in a number of Yemeni provinces, in protest against the latest price-hike of petroleum products, which came into effect on the third day of the Eid al-Fitr holiday.

On Wednesday morning the prices of fuel had increased from 2,500 to 4,000 Yemeni riyals ($11.6 to $18.6) for 20 liters. The price of diesel also increased from 2000 to 3,900 riyals.
Yemen is considered to be the poorest country in the Middle East with nearly half of its population living in severe poverty.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Sep 2013

Traditional oil miner gathers buckets of crude oil to begin the distillation process of converting it into diesel fuel. Distillation is accomplished by heating the filtered crude oil to between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F). Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
17 Sep 2013

Motorcycle is loaded with drums of diesel and transported to nearby villages to be sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Uganda's Defense Chief General Aronda...
Kampala, Uganda
By U.S. Editor
24 Jan 2013

The Chief of Defence Forces (CDF), Gen. Aronda Nyakairima warned politicians not to take the country back to the past era of political turmoil.

Gen. Aronda's comments follow a recent statement by the Defense minister Dr. Crispus Kiyonga who cautioned MPs to desist from conduct that undermines the public confidence in the legislature and can cause the army to intervene and take over government.

Dr Kiyonga was speaking in reaction to the rowdy scenes that engulfed Parliament during the debate of the recently passed Petroleum (Exploration, Development and Production) Bill, 2012 when MPs became rowdy during the vote on a clause that gives powers to the oil minister over the petroleum authority.
The comments by Dr. Kiyonga have since generated a public debate over the matter.

Launching the Armed Forces Week at the Ministry of Defense headquarters in Mbuya, Gen. Aronda delivered a cautious statement after being asked by journalists to comment on Minister Kiyonga's statement.

"I can tell you that no orders have been issued. We are going about our usual business of guarding the country. But I think that the message was well-taken by those to whom it was intended. Stand warned," said Gen. Aronda Nyakairima.

"Stand advised that should you not change course, other things will take place. Let no one return us to the past. We experienced a quarter century of turmoil and we cannot afford to take the country back," added Aronda.

Present at the press conference were members of Parliament from the West Nile region. The Armed Forces Week will culminate into the celebration of Tarehe Sita day on February 6.

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Lebanese Public Transport Workers and...
Beirut, Lebanon
By Video Cairo Sat
26 Apr 2012

Beirut, Lebanon | April 26, 2012

The Lebanese public transportation sector and taxi drivers held a strike on Thursday, April 26, protesting against the rising prices of gas and government "negligence" of their demands.

Protestors demanded the government limit the price of gasoline and increase family compensation allowances for the workers of the public transport sector.

SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Lebanese taxi driver:
"After each 20 customers, we have to fill the gas tank. There is also a lack of guarantees. Besides, there are taxis with forged plates and there are private cars working as taxis. The government is absent. I would say that this government is the biggest aggression against the Lebanese people. I hope they fear Allah because we're starving and unable to feed our children."

As a result of such a strike, many areas of the country saw traffic jams as taxi and bus drivers participated in the strike, preventing students and citizens from reaching their destinations.

The transportation sector warned that it would resort to an open-ended strike if its demands were not met.

The sector postponed their planned strike last week after positive talks with Prime Minister Najib Mikati.

Mikati earlier noted that the rise in fuel prices was related to worldwide rising prices, and that the country's treasury was incapable of containing it.

SHOTLIST:
1. Wide shot of protestors holding large banner including their demands
2. Medium shot of the large banner including the protestors demands
3. Medium shot of protestors shouting against the high price of fuel
4. Close up shot of a banner reading “Strike”
5. Various shots of traffic
6. Close up shot of a sign of a taxi
7. SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Lebanese taxi driver:
"After each 20 customers, we have to fill the gas tank. There is also lack of guarantees. Besides, there are taxis with forged plates and there are private cars working as taxis. The government is absent. I would say that this government is the biggest aggression against the Lebanese people. I hope they fear Allah because we're starving and unable to feed our children." 8. Various shots of protestors during the strike
9. Close up shot of the Lebanese flag
10. Wide shot of protestors gathering outside the headquarters of the Prime Ministry headquarters
11. Close up shot of protestor holding a piece of bread and the Lebanese flag
12. Various shots of protestors during the strike

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Suez Security Official Says Oil Compa...
Suez, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
15 Apr 2012

Cairo, Egypt | April 15, 2012

Suez Security Chief, General Adel Refaat, said Sunday, April 15, that firefighters managed to completely extinguish the blaze at Nasr Petroleum Company (NPC) in Suez, Egypt, state-run Middle East News Agency (MENA) reported.

The blaze started Saturday evening at one of the oil tanks and extended to reach other tanks, leaving at least one worker dead and several injured.

Company officials said the blaze would not affect local fuel supplies as the fuel stored in tanks was for export.

The reason for the fire, which took several hours from evening to morning to put out, is still unknown.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: April 15, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: April 15, 2012
Length: 0:00:48
Video Size: 39.9 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:
1- Medium shot, statue of a soldier holding Egypt's flag at a square in Suez
2- Pan right, Suez canal
3- Wide shot, traffic in the street leading to the oil factory with clouds of smoke in the sky
4- Medium shot, the gate of Nasr Petroleum Company (NPC) in Suez
5- Wide external shot of the company with traffic outside
6- Various shots inside the company and firefighters extinguishing the oil tanks
7- Pan right shot by a moving car, the vast factory from inside with large clouds of smoke rising in the sky
8- Medium shot, firefighters using water hoses putting out the blaze of the oil tanks
9- Wide shot, the street of the factory while large clouds of smoke rising in the sky can be seen
10- Medium shot, smoke coming out of the tanks
11- Wide shot, the highway leading to the factory which is seen in a distance with smoke rising in the sky

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Egypt Interior and Oil Ministers Hold...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
29 Mar 2012

Cairo, Egypt | March 28, 2012

Egypt's Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim and Petroleum Minister Abdullah Ghorab held a joint press conference on Wednesday, March 28, clarifying the situation regarding the country's security conditions and the ongoing fuel crisis.
Egyptian Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said that he was ready to clear Tahrir Square if the parliament asked him to and if the political forces approved that those remaining at the Square were not revolutionaries but only thugs.
He added that the crime rate has greatly decreased to the point that he didn’t receive any reports of car robberies or kidnappings nationwide for about three or four days.
SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim:
"There is retreat in the accidents horrifying the citizens, such as car robbery, kidnapping and ordinary murders. We made a study comparing December to January, January to February and February to March. Why do we do that? It is to know if we're going on the right direction and if the procedures of the work plan are going well. I found out that, praise be to Allah, the plan is going well and there's crime retreat."

Ibrahim noted that within fifteen days only, the ministry confiscated 326 weapons, apprehended 178 escaped prisoners, discovered 45 gangs and foiled the smuggling of two million tons of fuel, stressing that the police succeeded to restore security at the Egyptian streets by more than 60%.
For his part, Oil Minister Abdullah Ghorab said that the country provides the market with 38,000 tons of gasoline and diesel every day, admitting that the issue lies in improper distribution.
SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Oil Minister Abdullah Ghorab:
"I pump 38,000 tons of fuel to the market every day. This is published by the Petroleum Authority on daily basis, including what's local and what's imported, mentioning the name of the ship. I read this statement in the newspapers and online. So, this number is real and disputable. I said that the issue has to do with distribution. We admit that there's shortcoming in distribution that we want to discuss further."

Ghorab stressed that illegal export of subsidized gasoline as solvents was part of the issue, besides the too old petroleum refineries requiring reparation and development.
He added that Egypt produces about 700,000 barrels of oil per day, which he described as very good and greater than the production of previous years.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: March 28, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Lebanon
Publishing Time: March 28, 2012
Length: 0:0
Video Size: MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:
1- Various shots of the joint press conference of Egypt's Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim and Petroleum Minister Abdullah Ghorab
2- Various shots of the reporters and attendees
3- SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim:
"There is retreat in the accidents horrifying the citizens, such as car robbery, kidnapping and ordinary murders. We made a study comparing December to January, January to February and February to March. Why do we do that? It is to know if we're going on the right direction and if the procedures of the work plan are going well. I found out that, praise be to Allah, the plan is going well and there's crime retreat." 4- Various shots of the joint press conference
5- SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Oil Minister Abdullah Ghorab:
"I pump 38,000 tons of fuel to the market every day. This is published by the Petroleum Authority on daily basis, including what's local and what's imported, mentioning the name of the ship. I read this statement in the newspapers and online. So, this number is real and disputable. I said that the issue has to do with distribution. We admit that there's shortcoming in distribution that we want to discuss further." 6- Various shots of the joint press conference

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Sudan Parliament Holds Emergency Hear...
Khartoum, Sudan
By Video Cairo Sat
28 Mar 2012

Khartoum, Sudan | March 28, 2012

Sudan's National Assembly held an emergency hearing session on Wednesday, March 28, on the relations with South Sudan in light of the recent border conflict, particularly at the area of Heglig.
Interior Minister Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamed reaffirmed that Sudan was keen on maintaining good relations with South Sudan due to their shared history and more than 2,000-kilometer borders, adding that Sudan would not be silent to the threats to its security.

SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Sudanese Interior Minister Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamed:
"There can't be good neighboring and relations without security between the two countries. We hope that South Sudan return to their right mind because this is for their own good. Now there is famine in the South. There is a civil war in the South. They shut off their oil resources. I believe they have no way out except by having good relations with the North."

Sudanese officials expressed condemn of the recent aggressions of South Sudan army at the borders and their alleged support of the rebels in Southern Kordofan and the Blue Nile.
Sudanese Deputy Parliament Speaker Mohamed Hassan al-Amin said there would be no peace with South Sudan unless the latter halted aggression.
SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Sudanese Deputy Parliament Speaker Mohamed Hassan al-Amin:
"We consider stopping aggressions a basic thing. We cannot accept the support of the government of South Sudan for the rebels in Southern Kordofan and the Blue Nile. We don’t accept the presence of South Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) troops in the lands of Sudan. We consider this as daring interference in the Sudanese affairs. Therefore, there will not be permanent peace unless these acts are stopped."

Clashes broke out Monday between the armed forces of Sudan and South Sudan in disputed border regions, raising doubts about the anticipated meeting between the leaders of the two countries, Omar Hassan al-Bashir and Salva Kiir, scheduled for April 3.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: March 28, 2012
Shooting Location: Khartoum, Sudan
Publishing Time: March 28, 2012
Length: 0:02:37
Video Size: 130 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:
1. Wide external shot of the Sudanese National Assembly headquarters in Khartoum
2. Close up, sign reading "the National Assembly" at the Sudanese National Assembly headquarters in Khartoum
3. Medium shot, banner of the session reading "The National Assembly, Foreign Affairs Committee, Hearing on the Relation with the South Sudan"
4. Various shots of the National Assembly emergency session on the relation with South Sudan amid recent border conflict
5. SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Sudanese Interior Minister Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamed:
"There can't be good neighboring and relations without security between the two countries. We hope that South Sudan return to their right mind because this is for their own good. Now there is famine in the South. There is a civil war in the South. They shut off their oil resources. I believe they have no way out except by 0having good relations with the North."
6. Various shots of the hearing session and the attendees
7. SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – Sudanese Deputy Parliament Speaker Mohamed Hassan al-Amin:
"We consider stopping aggressions a basic thing. We cannot accept the support of the government of South Sudan for the rebels in Southern Kordofan and the Blue Nile. We don’t accept the presence of South Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) troops in the lands of Sudan. We consider this as daring interference in the Sudanese affairs. Therefore, there will not be permanent peace unless these acts are stopped." 8. Zoom in, Sudanese Interior Minister Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamed and Sudanese Deputy Parliament Speaker Mohamed Hassan al-Amin outside the hall after the session is over
9. Various shots of attendees leaving

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New Fuel Crisis Hits Egypt's Traffic ...
Cairo, Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
23 Mar 2012

Cairo, Egypt | March 23, 2012

Egypt is facing a fuel crisis for the second time since last January as petrol supplies dry up and long queues of cars snaked outside gas stations on the hope of leaving with a full tank amid fears of price hikes.
The queues have brought more traffic to Cairo’s notoriously busy streets, sparking incidents of road rage, according to press reports.
All types of petrol – 80, 90, 92 and the more expensive 95 – are reportedly in short supply. Some petrol stations have resorted to setting a 20-litre limit on all fuel purchases.
The reasons behind the shortage are not clear. Some people see that the government is not clear concerning the issue.
SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Zein El-Abdeen Abdel-Wahab, owner of gas station:
"There is a gas crisis. The government doesn't tell the truth. One representative needs to stand up and say, there is a problem and it will finish in a day or a week or a month or whatever time. But, the people don't trust the government anymore.
SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – worker at gas station:
The congestion in the gas stations is what causing the problem. But there are a few stations that don't have gas and that's causing a problem.
The government blames any shortfall on profiteers reselling subsidized fuel on the black market.
Many Egyptians, however, accuse the authorities of trying to cover up what they say is the government's mismanagement of dealing with the crisis.
SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – A man at a gas station:
I see that all the gas stations are stopped. There is no solar no gas all the cars wait from the night until the morning and they don't get gas. This is going to paralyze the whole country. They are paralyzing the country".

SOUNDBITE 4 (Arabic) – A man at a gas station:
"I can't determine the main reason of the crisis. The presence of this many cars show that there is a problem. I don't have the solution. Officials have the solution". Egypt's Minister of Oil Abdallah Ghorab addressed Egypt's parliament lately and denied that there was a problem at the source, saying current shortages were being caused by distributors and lack of confidence by consumers, insisting that gas stocks are sufficient.
Ghorab also noted that the government pumps about 36,000 tons of diesel and 9,000 tons of petrol 80 per day which is enough to meet demands of people.
Minister of International Cooperation Fayza Abul Naga sought to calm fears, telling reporters at a press conference on Wednesday that the government has no intention of raising fuel prices.

Local News Agency: Middle East Bureau / VCS
Shooting Dateline: March 23, 2012
Shooting Location: Cairo, Egypt
Publishing Time: March 23, 2012
Length: 0:01:18
Video Size: 64.4 MB
Language: Arabic
Column:
Organized by:
Correspondent:
Camera: VCS

SHOTLIST:
1- Various shots of traffic in Cairo streets
2- Various shots of cars lined up outside gas stations to get gas
3- SOUNDBITE 1 (Arabic) – Zein El-Abdeen Abdel-Wahab, owner of gas station:
"There is a gas crisis. The government doesn't tell the truth. One representative needs to stand up and say, there is a problem and it will finish in a day or a week or a month or whatever time. But, the people don't trust the government anymore.
4- SOUNDBITE 2 (Arabic) – worker at gas station:
The congestion in the gas stations is what causing the problem. But there are a few stations that don't have gas and that's causing a problem.
5- Pan left shot of people lined up at gas station
6- Medium shot of woman holding jerry cans at gas station
7- Wide shot of cars at gas stations
8- SOUNDBITE 3 (Arabic) – A man at a gas station:
I see that all the gas stations are stopped. There is no solar no gas all the cars wait from the night until the morning and they don't get gas. This is going to paralyze the whole country. They are paralyzing the country".
SOUNDBITE 4 (Arabic) – A man at a gas station:
"I can't determine the main reason of the crisis. The presence of this many cars show that there is a problem. I don't have the solution. Officials have the solution". Various shots of signs at the gas station written on it "there are no 90 or 80, "types of petrol" 9- Various shots of cars at gas stations

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
26 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner scoops crude out of collection tank. The oil which has settled on the top of the water will be distilled into diesel when heated in an oil drum and then sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil wells in Bojonegoro a regency in East Java. Previously known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is now the focus of renewed attention after a new oil field was found in the area. Bojonegoro, Indonesia.

Traditional oil wells in Bojonegoro Indonesia. Bojonegoro is a regency in East Java, Indonesia, about 110 km west of Surabaya. Previously known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is the focus of attention in Indonesia as a new oil field has been found in this area. This oil find is the biggest oil discovery in Indonesia in three decades and one of the biggest reserve in Indonesia.

This part of Java has had a long association with oil, and the Dutch, Indonesia's former colonial rulers, operated oil fields in the area although never realized the potential of Cepu. Freelance oil men use rickety wooden frames with pulleys, a few still operated by hand, to retrieve oil in wells up to 400 meters (1,300ft) deep. They then heat the oil on wood fires to burn off water. Miners said they could earn from 200,000 rupiah ($20) a day shared between a team of at least three.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the hoisting system for a new oil derrick. As they prepare to drill a new well. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the hoisting system for a new oil derrick. As they prepare to drill a new well. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the hoisting system for a new oil derrick. As they prepare to drill a new well. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the hoisting system for a new oil derrick. As they prepare to drill a new well. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A motorcycle is loaded with drums of diesel ready to be transported to nearby villages to be sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A motorcycle is loaded with drums of diesel ready to be transported to nearby villages to be sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners watch on as distilled diesel fuel is slowly syphoned off into a collection bucket. Then it will be transferred to 20 litre drums ready for collection. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner separates water from the crude oil in the collection tank. The oil which has settled on the top of the water will be distilled into diesel when heated in an oil drum and then sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner gathers crude out of collection tank. The oil which has settled on the top of the water will be distilled into diesel when heated in an oil drum and then sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner pours some crude oil into a steal drum as part of the distillation process, creating diesel fuel. Distillation is accomplished by heating the filtered crude oil to between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F). Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners finish off the construction of a new oil derrick made of trees from the surrounding forest. This area in Cepu Indonesia is known as the 'eternal oil field'. Miners frequently set up new oil wells in the area. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare the pulley system for a new oil derrick this area in Cepu Indonesia is known as the 'eternal oil field'. Miners frequently set up new oil wells in the area. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miners prepare a disused oil derrick for renewed operation. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil wells in Bojonegoro a regency in East Java. Previously known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is now the focus of renewed attention after a new oil field was found in the area. Bojonegoro, Indonesia. 25/01/2011.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner finishes his shift on the oil derrick. Miners use a fork shaped stick to insure the down shaft is correctly positioned when pumping oil. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Oil is pumped from the ground using a truck engine. The body of the truck is discarded and the engine and gearbox are set on the ground. A cable is wound around one of the wheels, which is then attached to the down hole pump. The operator puts the engine in neutral to drop the pump into the hole, and then puts it in reverse to wind up the wheel and pump out the crude oil/water emulsion. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A traditional oil miner takes a rest as he waits for his processed diesel to be collect for sale in nearby villages. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Distilled diesel oil pours into a tank as miner waits for the sale to a distributor, when it will be sold in nearby villages.

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner pours diesel fuel into drums which will be transported to nearby villages to be sold. Miners said they could earn from 200,000 rupiah ($20) a day shared between a team of at least three. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

A down hole pump releases a wave of crude oil and water onto the ground as part of the process of oil extraction. The miner uses a branch to control the down hole pump as it exits the ground. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner prepares a fresh barrel with which to distil crude oil into diesel. Oil drums are buried in the ground with a pit dug beneath for the fire, creating a kilning effect the refining process can begin, lasting around 6-8 hours. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner prepares a fresh barrel with which to distil crude oil into diesel. Oil drums are buried in the ground with a pit dug beneath for the fire, creating a kilning effect the refining process can begin, lasting around 6-8 hours. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner prepares a fresh barrel with which to distil crude oil into diesel. Oil drums are buried in the ground with a pit dug beneath for the fire, creating a kilning effect the refining process can begin, lasting around 6-8 hours. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Miners exchange money for the purchase of diesel fuel at one of the oil wells. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner scoops crude out of collection tank. The oil which has settled on the top of the water will be distilled into diesel when heated in an oil drum and then sold. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Oil gathers at the end of a hillside sluice. This crude oil will then be collected and poured into a heated drum as part of the distillation process, creating diesel fuel. Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Miners watch on from the hill side as a new oil derrick is constructed. Cepu, Indonesia. 24/01/2011

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Traditional oil wells East Java Indon...
Cepu, Indonesia
By Jeffrey Bright
25 Jan 2011

Traditional oil miner gathers buckets of crude oil to begin the distillation process of converting it into diesel fuel. Distillation is accomplished by heating the filtered crude oil to between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F). Cepu, Indonesia. 25/01/2011