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Tin Fever in Indonesia 5
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Desi Yani (27 years old) lost her two children Azzaliakbar Abdul & Juni Manohara who drowned in a tin mine on 22-11-2012. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. . Illegal tin mining causes environmental damage, injuries and regular casualties among miners.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Desi Yani (27 ans) a perdu ses deux enfants Abdul Azzaliakbar & Juni Manohara, noyés dans une mine d'étain le 22 /11/2012. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes. Les Mines illégales son la cause des dommages écologiques, des blessés graves et décès (100 - 150 tous les ans) chez les mineurs.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 4
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Workers sift sand to free the tin in the Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Indonesia is the worlds biggest tin provider, vital for assembling smart phones and other electronic products. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs libèrent l'étain avec de l'eau dans la Mine de Pemali, la plus grande mine légale de Bangka, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. Exploité par PT-Timah, elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 3
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Machines at work in the Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Indonesia is the worlds biggest tin provider, vital for assembling smart phones and other electronic products. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Machines à l'oeuvre dans la Mine de Pemali, la plus grande mine légale de Bangka, qui a complètement dévasté un paysage qui était autrefois verte. Exploité par PT-Timah, elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'Indonésie est le plus grand fournisseur mondes d'étain, vital pour l'assemblage des téléphones et autres produits électroniques. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 44
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Yoyok, 55, in the illegal tin mine in Reboh. Yoko has been working as a tin miner since 2000. Illegal tin mines have devastated the Bangka Island. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Illegal tin mining causes environmental damage, injuries and regular casualties. Approximately 100 to 150 miners die every year.

Yoyok (55 ans) cherche de l'étain depuis 2000. Mine d'étain illégale à Reboh. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes. Les Mines illégales son la cause des dommages écologiques, des blessés graves et décès (100 - 150 tous les ans)....

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 10
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

Tin mines offshore near the fishing village Reboh.
Miners repairing the rusty air pump that is supposed to provide the diver with oxygen on an improvised offshore tin mining platform. They can win 15 kg of tin per day. These mines destroy the seabed, coral reefs and kill fish. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineurs réparent la pompe à air rouillé qui est censé fournir le plongeur en oxygène. Plate-forme improvisée d'extraction de l'étain en mer. Ils peuvent extraire 15 kilo d'étain par jour. Mines d'étain off shore au large de Reboh, village de pecheurs. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 11
By Steven Wassenaar
05 Dec 2012

The hidden side of high tech smartphones.
Umar (30 ans) had a diving accident in 2005 when he was looking for tin. He stayed in a coma for 4 days and has never been the same again. The work on the improvised offshore tin mining platform is dangerous. Tin mines offshore destroy the seabed and coral reefs and kill fish. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines.

Le côté caché du succès des smartphones. Umar (30 ans) a été victime d'un accident de plongée en 2005 alors qu'il plongeait pour chercher l'étain. resté dans le coma 4 jours, gardé de séquelles de l'accident. Le travail sur des plate-formes minièrtes improvisées en mer est dangereux. Ces mines détruisent les fonds sous marins, les barrières de corail et tuent les poissons. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 2
By Steven Wassenaar
04 Dec 2012

Recent graves.
Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by illegal tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Illegal tin mining causes environmental damage, injuries and regular casualties among miners.

Tombes récentes. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain sauvages. la demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.Les Mines illégales son la cause des dommages écologiques, des blessés graves et décès (100 - 150 tous les ans) chez les mineurs.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 43
By Steven Wassenaar
04 Dec 2012

Santo, 30, a tin miner, digs in his own garden to find tin sand. He manages to collect up to 3 kilos of tin per day. This illegal tin mine is the only source of income for his family in Mapur, Bangka Island, Indonesia. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets. Illegal tin mining causes environmental damage, and kills hundreds of miners every year.

Santo (30 ans), un mineur d'étain, creuse dans son jardin pour trouver de l'étain, il trouve jusqu'à 3 kilos par jour. Cette mine d'étain illégale est la seule source de revenus pour sa famille dans Mapur, île de Bangka (Indonésie). La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes. Les Mines illégales son la cause des dommages écologiques, des blessés graves et décès (100 - 150 tous les ans) chez les mineurs.

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Tin Fever in Indonesia 28
By Steven Wassenaar
03 Dec 2012

Worker checks tin sand in the Pemali mine, the biggest legal mine in Bangka that has completely devastated the once green landscape.. Operated by PT-Timah, it produces 60 tons of tin per month. Indonesia is the worlds biggest tin provider, vital for assembling smart phones and other electronic products. Bangka Island (Indonesia) is devastated by tin mines. The demand for tin has increased due to its use in smart phones and tablets.

Mineur vérifie l'étain dans la Mine de Pemali, plus grande mine légale de Bangka. Exploité par PT-Timah. Elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes Réparation d'une station de pompage d'eau. Mine de Pemali, plus grande mine légale de Bangka. Exploité par PT-Timah. Elle produit 60 tonnes d'étain par mois. L'île de Bangka (Indonésie) est dévastée par des mines d'étain. La demande de l'étain a explosé à cause de son utilisation dans les smartphones et tablettes.

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Wildlife Crimes (47 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
31 Oct 2012

This is just one of 16 tigers cubs seized on Friday (26 Oct) after a botched effort to smuggle the tiger cubs across the border from Thailand in Laos. A veterinary team from the wildlife forensic unit are taking blood samples to trace the DNA. Chaiyaphum, Thailand.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crisis (45 of 47)
Payuhakirri, Thailand
By James Morgan
30 Oct 2012

A master Ivory carver at work in Payuhakirri, Thailand. Many carvers claim to use domestic as opposed to African Ivory.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (44 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
29 Oct 2012

A lady wears an Ivory necklace in Tha Phrachan market, Bangkok, Thailand. Ornamental ivory is valued for both spiritual and aesthetic reasons and fetches high prices.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (42 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
29 Oct 2012

Ivory braclets on sale in Tha Phrachan market, Thailand. Ornamental ivory is valued for both spiritual and aesthetic reasons and fetches high prices.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (43 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
29 Oct 2012

An officer from the Natural Resource and Environment Crime Suppression Division (NRESCD) inspects a shop selling ivory in Tha Phrachan market, Bangkok, Thailand. Ornamental ivory is valued for both spiritual and aesthetic reasons and fetches high prices.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (36 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
28 Oct 2012

An exorcist's knife for sale in Bangkok. The handle and sheath are made from Ivory.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (37 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
28 Oct 2012

An amulet store owner inspects a statue of an ascetic monk made from Ivory. He will sell it for 35,000 baht (1,200 USD)

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (40 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
28 Oct 2012

Dr Suchitra Changtragoon, the lead researcher at the Department of National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation's biolab is in charge of conducting DNA tests on confiscated ivory. African Ivory is illegal, wereas, confusingly, Asian Ivory is not.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (39 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
28 Oct 2012

Researchers at the Department of National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation's biolab conduct DNA tests on confiscated Ivory in order to determine it source of origin and thus prosecute people found in possession of African Ivroy.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (41 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
28 Oct 2012

Researchers at the Department of National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation's biolab conduct DNA tests on tiger blood and other animal parts in order to try and crack down on the illegal trade. Bangkok, Thailand.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (32 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
26 Oct 2012

In light of the recent escalation in poaching the Thai government have assigned a unit of xxx to help tackle the poaching issue.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (33 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
26 Oct 2012

In light of the recent escalation in poaching the Thai government have assigned a unit of xxx to help tackle the poaching issue.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (34 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
26 Oct 2012

In light of the recent escalation in poaching the Thai government have assigned a special ops military unit to help tackle the poaching issue. This military outfit patrol the border between Thailand and Myanmar looking for tiger smugglers and other wildlife criminals.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (46 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
26 Oct 2012

Elephants are not the only commodity being traded. This year has also seen a rise in the illegal sale of rhinos and tigers. This is just one of 16 tigers cubs seized on Friday (26 Oct).

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (31 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
25 Oct 2012

Sampan Suksee a park ranger prepares to leave on patrol.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (27 of 47)
Suvarnabhumi, Bangkok
By James Morgan
24 Oct 2012

Workers at the customs department in Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport open a box of seized Ivory.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (28 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
24 Oct 2012

Security outside the cargo holding facilty at Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport, Thailand.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (29 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
24 Oct 2012

Customs officials in Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi airport uncover a shipment of African elephant tusks from Mozambique. Suvarnabhumi has always been a hub for illicit trafficking, mostly in narcotics, but the recent explosion of demand for animal products has added elephant tusks to the list of contraband.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (30 of 47)
Bangkok, Thailand
By James Morgan
24 Oct 2012

Customs officials in Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi airport uncover a shipment of African elephant tusks from Mozambique. Suvarnabhumi has always been a hub for illicit trafficking, mostly in narcotics, but the recent explosion of demand for animal products has added elephant tusks to the list of contraband.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (24 of 47)
Kanchanaburi, Thailand
By James Morgan
23 Oct 2012

A tiger chained at Thailand's notorious 'tiger temple'. Originally tigers orphaned through poaching were taken into sanctuary at the 'temple'. Although now the temple faces allegations that it pursues illegal tactics to get more tigers and generates vast profits from tourism. Kanchanaburi province, Thailand.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (25 of 47)
Kuchanabri, Thailand
By James Morgan
23 Oct 2012

A worker at the Kuchanaburi tiger temple counts money.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (26 of 47)
Wat Pha Luang Ta Bua, Thailand
By James Morgan
23 Oct 2012

Since the start of the 20th century we have lost 95% of our wild tigers. There are now significantly more tigers in captivity than there are in the wild. This Indochinese tiger is in captivity at the Wat Pha Luang Ta Bua temple in Thailand.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (23 of 47)
Africa
By James Morgan
22 Oct 2012

Police Major General Narasak Hemnithi - Commander of Natural Resource and Environment Crime Suppression Division (NRESCD)

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Citizen Paparazzi Informants in South...
Seoul, South Korea
By maltekol
15 Sep 2012

South Korean School Teaches Neighbors To Spy On Neighbors
Law-breakers in South Korea, beware.
Citizens who videotape illegal activity are on the loose and making extra income by selling the tapes to the police.
But some observers say a school that trains these citizen spies is turning neighbour against neighbour.

Ji Soo-hyun leads a double life. Starting six-months ago the housewife began a career catching lawbreakers red handed. The 54-year old says her specialty is going undercover at private tutoring schools.

INT: (Korean) Ji Soo-hyun, Citizen Paparazza
“I pretend that I am going to enroll my kids in the school. I ask the faculty about extra services. There are a lot of illegal activities in these schools, like staying open too late and charging additional fees. These are the types of things I record.”

When Ji is on her mission, she uses a small, concealed camera she hides in her bag. She is one of several hundred citizens who have been trained to record secret video of other people and businesses that break the law.

(Video Courtesy of Seoul Paparazzi School) This video was taken at a pharmacy in Seoul. Another citizen spy recorded the cashier that didn’t charge for a plastic bag, which is required by law in South Korea.The cameraman, as well as Ji Soo-hyun, are students of the Seoul paparazzi school.Here they learn the ins and outs of taking undercover video. They can try out tiny cameras that are disguised as jewelry. And they are taught which illegal activities can make them the most money if reported to the authorities.

Moon Seong-ok has run the paparazzi academy for 14 years. He helps his students find buyers for their secret footage.

INT: (KOREAN) Moon Seong-ok, Director, Seoul Paparazzi School
“The students who come here want to make money. I contact them with police agencies, local governments, health agencies and education authorities who pay them.”

Moon claims citizen paparazzi can earn between 20 and 30,000 dollars a year.But some other citizens are concerned that money is turning neighbors into spies. Koo Ja-kyoung describes himself as an ordinary guy who is alarmed at what paparazzi students are doing to his community.

INT: (KOREAN) Koo Ja-kyoung, Seoul
“I was just walking around one day and I saw an old lady crying. I asked her what was wrong and she told me she had to pay a fine because she put out the garbage using an unauthorized plastic bag. She said that a citizen paparazzo took a picture of her and gave it to the police.”

Koo says he was so upset with that woman’s story that he filed a complaint with the National Human Rights’ Commission.
That was several years ago and according to the Commision, until now Koo it’s the only person to complain about citizen paparazzi. The Commission has yet to decide whether or not to hear the case. Its not that South Koreans don’t care about this alleged spying, it’s that they are afraid to speak out against it.

That’s according to Chun Sang-chin, a sociologist at Seoul’s Sogang University. He says most citizens don’t like what the paparazzi do.

INT: (KIREAN) Chun Song-chin, Sogang University
“There is a certain cultural sensitivity here. People are worried that if they come forward and complain then others will think they are actually doing something wrong or illegal. They want others to think that what they do privately is as good as what they do publically, so they stay quiet about these things.”

Chun says the government should stop paying for these secret videos.

INT: Chun
“The government is outsourcing its responsibilities to the citizens. Everyone knows that is wrong. But if you look at Korea’s political history, of dictatorship, it just isn’t a concern for most people. I think it would be hard to create a public debate about the paparazzi”

So for now, South Koreans will do their best to keep their private lives behind closed doors. Moon Seong-ok of the Seoul paparazzi school says he feels no shame about what he or his students do.

INT: (KOREAN) Moon Seong-ok, Director of Seoul paparazzi School
“Good citizens who abide by the law like what the paparazzi citizens do. But for those who break the law, they are the ones who are uncomfortable with what my students do.”

Citizen paparazza Ji Soo-hyun agrees. She says she does not feel sympathy for people breaking the law.

INT: (KOREAN) Ji Soo-hyun, Citizen Paparazza
“At first I felt guilty about reporting on these people, but the more I did it, I realized how much illegal activity is going on around us. These people are not poor or struggling to make a living, so I do not feel bad about reporting on them.”

Ji says she is now turning her camera on people who skip out on paying their taxes.

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Inside the War on Wildlife Crime
Central Africa and East Asia
By Serene Yordi
27 Aug 2012

Wildlife trafficking in Africa has become a major source of finance for armed groups and criminal networks. In countries like Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Sudan and Kenya, poachers move across borders with near impunity.

Governments like Gabon are becoming increasingly alarmed by the threat posed by wildlife trafficking to national security. Rebel groups, drug syndicates and even terrorist networks have seen an opportunity to profit from a low risk, high reward criminal enterprise. To safeguard its remaining elephants, Gabon President Ali Bongo has quadrupled the number of park rangers in the country. Bongo also presided over the burning of $10 million of illegal Ivory seized from poachers, to ensure that none leaked back into the illegal trade.

On the other end of the trade, the final products are nearly unrecognizable. Jewelry and amulets made from ivory are sold in up-scale, air conditioned Thai boutiques whilst other animal parts are used in traditional medicines.

Wildlife crime not only threatens nature’s most iconic species, but exacerbates poverty and corruption, funding an entire spectrum of related international crime. These images trace the story from beginning to end, across continents, offering a sense of the fragility of the human lives that lie in its wake.

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Wildlife Crimes (20 of 47)
Gamba, Gabon
By James Morgan
30 Jun 2012

Auerlie Kombi and Tuburse Mouyamba take me to an elephant carcas they found outside Sounga village in Gamba district, Gabon.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (21 of 47)
Gamba, Gabon
By James Morgan
30 Jun 2012

Aurelie Kumbe and Tuburse Mouyamba take me to see an elephant carcass they found outside their village in the Gamba district of Gabon. The tusks are long gone, but bones as large as these are not easily buried.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (16 of 47)
Libreville, Gabon
By James Morgan
27 Jun 2012

On 27th July, Gabon's president, Ali Bongo Ondimba, ordered the country's entire stockpile of Ivory, about 10 million dollars worth to be burnt, symbolising Gabon's antipoaching stance and determination to combat the illegal trade.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (14 of 47)
Gabon
By James Morgan
27 Jun 2012

On 27th July, Gabon's president, Ali Bongo Ondimba, ordered the country's entire stockpile of Ivory, about 10 million dollars worth to be burnt, symbolising Gabon's antipoaching stance and determination to combat the illegal trade.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (15 of 47)
Gabon
By James Morgan
27 Jun 2012

An eco guard supervises the burning of Gabon's Ivory stock pile.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON

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Wildlife Crimes (17 of 47)
Libreville, Gabon
By James Morgan
27 Jun 2012

President Ali Bongo Ondimba in attendance at the Ovory burn. Here pictured speaking with the primeminister, Raymond Ndong Sima.

James Morgan / WWF-CANON