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Albinism in Tanzania 03
Ilula, Iringa
By Federico Roscioli
23 Jul 2014

Ilula, Tanzania, July 23, 2014 - Sista Laurentina Bukombe doing a skin check-up during the trimestral meeting. She is a nun graduated in dermatology who is collaborating with Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre and Tulime Association, providing albinos with sunscreen lotion, medical check-ups and proper treatment if needed. In this area there had never been killings, so the first enemy of albinos is the sun.

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Albinism in Tanzania 02
Ilula, Iringa
By Federico Roscioli
21 Jul 2014

Ilula, Tanzania, July 21, 2014 - Alufema mends a carpet. She is one of the persons with albinism of the Kilolo District censed by the Tulime Association. There have never been killings in this area, so the first enemy of albinos is the sun. The census was fundamental in order to be able to help the albinos of the area with sunscreen cream and medical check-ups. The national census does not provide correct and actual data about albinism.

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Albinism in Tanzania 07
Ilula, Iringa
By Federico Roscioli
21 Jul 2014

Ilula, Tanzania, July 21, 2014 - Angela with one of her four children, none of whom have albinism. She is one of the persons with albinism of the Kilolo District censed by Tulime Association. There have never been killings in this area, so the first enemy of albinos is the sun. The census was fundamental in order to be able to help the albinos of the area with sunscreen cream and medical check-up. The national census does not provide correct and actual data about albinism.

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Sacrifice and Salvation: Albinism in ...
Shinyanga
By Federico Roscioli
13 Jul 2014

“I was pretending to be asleep, but I saw them cutting her throat and drinking her blood, and then cutting her arms and legs…” These are the words of Mmindi, recalling the night in December 2008 when her 5-year-old sister, Mariam, was murdered in front of her.

Mariam had albinism. In the inner regions of Sub-Saharian Africa people with albinism have a very hard life. Not only do they need to fight against the cancer-causing rays of the harsh tropical sun, but they must also fight stigma and discrimination. Myths and stigmas about Albinos sometimes have horrific results. For examlpe, in recent years, traditional medicine has furthered the belief that albino body parts have elements with magical powers that give success and fortune. This myth has resulted in brutal killings of albinos with the aim of harvesting their body parts. Mariam was a victim of such an attack.

Another major struggle for albinos is protecting themselves from the sun. Those living in areas with little access to health care also struggle to protect themselves from the sun and treat problems arising from UV exposure. 

From the Lake Victoria region, where killings and discrimination still infringe upon these people's human rights, to the Iringa region tormented with an absence of healthcare, albinos in Tanzania are increasingly at risk as of late. The lack of proper information about albinism, in a country in which 1 out of 2.000 people is albino (in Europe and North America the ratio is 1 out of 20.000), leaves the doors to discrimination wide open. For these people, the Tanzanian government has never been able to guarantee health, education or security. Only through the help of N.G.O.s like Under The Same Sun and Tulime does a bright future seem possible for the albinos.

FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST

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Albinism in Tanzania 08
Mwanza
By Federico Roscioli
10 Jul 2014

Mwanza, Tanzania, July 10, 2014 - Before a race during sports day in Lake View School, Mwanza, Tanzania. albinos play sports early in the morning to avoid exposure to the hot sun.

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Albinism in Tanzania 04
Mwanza
By Federico Roscioli
08 Jul 2014

Mwanza, Tanzania, July 8, 2014 - Jelly's Primary School in Mwanza. In this school Under The Same Sun (UTSS) is the full sponsor for 36 children. This allows them to study in a normal mixed school instead of centers for persons with sight disabilities. In Tanzania albinos are considered disabled, but they just might have sight problems.

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Albinism in Tanzania 05
Mwanza
By Federico Roscioli
08 Jul 2014

Mwanza, Tanzania, July 8, 2014 - Jelly's Primary School in Mwanza. In this school Under The Same Sun (UTSS) is the full sponsor for 36 children. This allows them to study in a normal mixed school instead of centers for persons with sight disabilities. In Tanzania albinos are considered disabled, but they just might have sight problems.

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Albinism in Tanzania 06
Mwanza
By Federico Roscioli
08 Jul 2014

Mwanza, Tanzania, July 8, 2014 - Jelly's Primary School in Mwanza. In this school Under The Same Sun (UTSS) is the full sponsor for 36 children. This allows them to study in a normal mixed school instead of centers for persons with sight disabilities. In Tanzania albinos are considered disabled, but they just might have sight problems.

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Albinism in Tanzania 09
Shinyanga
By Federico Roscioli
08 Jul 2014

Shinyanga, Tanzania, July 8, 2014 - Masalu, 18 years old is both deaf and mute. She arrived with her two siblings at the Buhangija Center for persons with sight disabilities in Shinyanga, Tanzania, after the last killing of an albino that took place in May 2014. She became pregnant after being raped. The center was the immediate answer by the government to the killings of albinos that started in 2007 in the lake area. Nowadays around 200 people of all ages are living in this center together.

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Albinism in Tanzania 10
Shinyanga
By Federico Roscioli
08 Jul 2014

Shinyanga, Tanzania, July 8, 2014 - A child dozes off in Buhangija Center for persons with sight disabilities in Shinyanga, Tanzania. The center is defined as a school, but it hosts 200 people of all ages assisted by two teachers and living in precarious conditions.

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Albinism in Tanzania 01
Shinyanga
By Federico Roscioli
08 Jul 2014

Shinyanga, Tanzania, July 8, 2014 - Courtyard of Buhangija Center for persons with sight disabilities in Shinyanga, Tanzania. The center was the immediate answer of the government to the killings of albinos that started in 2007 in the lake area. Nowadays around 200 people of all ages are living in this center together.

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Dying to Be White 5
Nairobi, Kenya
By Celeste Hibbert
16 Feb 2014

The injection is administered by local "skin bleaching experts" who buy an unwrapped needle from the local chemist.

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Dying to Be White 11
Nairobi, Kenya
By Celeste Hibbert
16 Feb 2014

The needle is passed through many ungloved hands before it reaches the client.

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Dying to Be White
By Celeste Hibbert
14 Feb 2014

River Road in downtown Nairobi is famous. It is a hub for cheap goods, budget brothels and petty crime. It is also known for skin bleaching “gurus” who promise clients their creams will make them look six years younger and ten shades lighter.

Rose* has been working in the skin lightening business for over five years. Operating from her minuscule cubicle along a bustling street, she offers a range of skin bleaching creams.

She also offers injections, but only to clients she trusts. Injecting is taboo and rarely discussed. “The injection lightens you from inside. It makes women clean,” she whispers. “If you want an even colour and fast results, injecting is much better than a cream.”

The injection is expensive at US$ 70 per shot, which is nearly a month’s salary for many Kenyans. “Most of my clients are wealthy and some are national celebrities. Many are from Somalia or India. But, those ones never come to my shop. They send a driver with a photo of their skin colour and I supply what they need.”

She laughs. “Some girls go back to their village and tell them the water of Nairobi made them lighter. There is great shame for wanting to change what God gave you.”

Rose carefully sucks a pink liquid into a needle, which is unpacked and brought from a local pharmacy. The product is from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, where skin lightening is also a big craze. It promises to show results within one - two weeks. “You must only use a small amount, otherwise you can become albino. This is strong stuff,” she says as the needle pricks her client’s skin. The product, which the manufacturer says is an “exfoliating pigment erasing solution which peels off rough/tough layers of skin”, is directly injected into the clients arm.

Mercy had always wanted lighter skin. “Nairobi is very competitive and Kenyan men like women with white skin. My husband prefers half-caste women to darker girls, and he is proud to be mine when we go to the club. I get far more male attention now I am lighter,” Mercy says whilst getting her injection.

Leading dermatologist Dr. Pranav says the vendors are seriously risking the health of their clients. “They promise the injection is safe, but it is not. These are unregulated products not known to certified professionals. They are packaged and marketed to look attractive, but anything could be inside. Injecting products with AHA is abnormal. It is can kill body tissue, cause serious infection and foreign body granuloma.”
  “It is illegal to for a non-medic to inject a client, but bribery allows the trade to continue.” 

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Leishmania spreads in Syria
Idleb, Syria
By Idleb Press
28 Apr 2013

Leishmania spreads in Syria.
A video report about this disease from the village of Maar Shourin which is located in the countryside of Idleb.

Due to the lack of basic amenities and health care in Syria, Leishmaniasis, a complex disease, has been affecting a large number of the population in Idleb, northern Syria. The disease is transmitted through the a bite of a sandfly, affecting different parts of the body, resulting in sores on the skin and welts. The sores, sometimes, get infected.

Since the basic conditions of the Syrian people is very poor, the disease is most likely to be fatal. Also, regarding the fact that wartime conditions compromise the immune system, this disease is bound to spread quickly.

The medicine required for treatment is scarce in Syria, but the people of Idlib are attempting to assist every infected person without a fee.

It is difficult, at the moment, to assess the number of Leishmaniasis cases in Syria, but the poor conditions showed that the disease will continue transmitting from one person to another.

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Life In The Graves - La Vie Dans Les ...
Shanshrah, Idlib Province, Syria
By Marie
13 Apr 2013

Child infected by leishmania, a skin disease that is passed on by an insect that looks like a big mosquito and is devastating this rural region. It provokes red stings which attack the skin. Before the revolution, an insecticide was spread in order to kill the insect. No humanitarian organization is supporting the sick people.
Un enfant atteint de la leishmaniose. Cette maladie de peau transmise par un insecte ressemblant à un gros moustique fait des ravages dans cette région rurale. Il provoque des boutons qui rongent la peau. Avant la révolution, un insecticide était diffusé pour éradiquer l'insecte. Aucune organisation humanitaire ne vient en aide aux malades.

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Life In The Graves - La Vie Dans Les ...
Shanshrah, Idlib province, Syria
By Marie
13 Apr 2013

Child infected by leishmania, a skin disease that is passed on by an insect that looks like a big mosquito and is devastating this rural region. It provokes red stings which attack the skin. Before the revolution, an insecticide was spread in order to kill the insect. No humanitarian organization is supporting the sick people.
Un enfant atteint de la leishmaniose. Cette maladie de peau transmise par un insecte ressemblant à un gros moustique fait des ravages dans cette région rurale. Il provoque des boutons qui rongent la peau. Avant la révolution, un insecticide était diffusé pour éradiquer l'insecte. Aucune organisation humanitaire ne vient en aide aux malades.

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Cambodian Acid Attack Survivors (9 of...
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
By hiroko tanaka
05 Jan 2010

Keo Srey Vy, 36, received injures to her face and body as a result of a brutal acid attack by the hands of her brother-in-law . Srey Vy received injuries to her face, eyes, shoulders, left hand, and the left side of her back. She believes that her action of filing a law suit against her brother-in-law for selling his two years old daughter as motivation for the attack.

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Cambodian Acid Attack Survivors (8 of...
Phnon Penh, Cambodia
By hiroko tanaka
05 Jan 2010

Acid attack victim Thong Kham sheds tear as she talks about her scars in a result of attack in May 1990. She believes that the perpetrator made a mistake and attacked the wrong person.

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Cambodian Acid Attack Survivors (5 of...
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
By hiroko tanaka
05 Jan 2010

Acid attack suvivor Chheav Chenda puts a turban on her daughter Bun Cheata, 4, at CASC, Cambodian Acid Survivors Charity in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Chheav Chenda was doused with acid when she was riding a motorbike with her three children in February of 2008. Her husband had left Cheav to move to France with his girlfriend. The attack was planned by the girlfriend who was jealous of husband’s visit to Cambodia. The attack left Cheav with blind and difficulties in strength and movement, her daughter Bun Cheata bold and serious burns over a large proportion of her body. Other children recieved a few scars.

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Cambodian Acid Attack Survivors (4 of...
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
By hiroko tanaka
05 Jan 2010

Acid attack suvivor Chheav Chenda puts a turban on her daughter Bun Cheata, 4, at CASC, Cambodian Acid Survivors Charity in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Chheav Chenda was doused with acid when she was riding a motorbike with her three children in February of 2008. Her husband had left Cheav to move to France with his girlfriend. The attack was planned by the girlfriend who was jealous of husband’s visit to Cambodia. The attack left Cheav with blind and difficulties in strength and movement, her daughter Bun Cheata bold and serious burns over a large proportion of her body. Other children recieved a few scars.

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Cambodian Acid Attack Survivors (3 of...
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
By hiroko tanaka
05 Jan 2010

Acid attack suvivor Chheav Chenda calms her daughter Bun Cheata, 4, at CASC, Cambodian Acid Survivors Charity in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The mother of Bun Cheata, Chheav Chenda was doused with acid when she was riding a motorbike with her three children in February of 2008. Her husband had left Cheav to move to France with his girlfriend. The attack was planned by the girlfriend who was jealous of husband’s visit to Cambodia. The attack left Cheav with blind and difficulties in strength and movement, her daughter Bun Cheata bold and serious burns over a large proportion of her body. Other children recieved a few scars.

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Cambodian Acid Attack Survivors (2 of...
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
By hiroko tanaka
05 Jan 2010

Acid attack survivor Bun Cheata, 4, sits on the bed at CASC, Cambodian Acid Survivors Charity in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The mother of Bun Cheata, Chheav Chenda was doused with acid when she was riding a motorbike with her three children in February of 2008. Her husband had left Cheav to move to France with his girlfriend. The attack was planned by the girlfriend who was jealous of husband’s visit to Cambodia. The attack left Cheav with blind and difficulties in strength and movement, her daughter Bun Cheata bold and serious burns over a large proportion of her body. Other children recieved a few scars.

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Leper Community In Addis Ababa (19 of...
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
By Jonathan Alpeyrie
18 Jul 2007

Two women with leprosy are being treated at the Alert hospital, the only facility that treats lepers and other kind of skin sicknesses in the Lepers slum of Northern Addis Ababa July 18, 2007 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. These women have come from the countryside to get a free treatment, and potentially get an amputation in some cases.