Frame 0004
Bread Shortage in Aden, Yemen
Aden
By Edouard Dufrasne
05 May 2015

Aden, Yemen
May 5, 2015

The manager of a bakery in Aden explains the difficulties in providing enough bread for the local population amid the bombing campaign led by Saudi Arabia and the clashes on the ground between Houthis and rival militias.

Frame 0004
Under Siege: Ghouta Residents Struggl...
Eastern Ghouta
By Abdu al-Fadel
08 Dec 2014

Eastern Ghouta, Syria
December 2014

The rebel-held Eastern Ghouta area near Damascus has been under a strict siege for more than two years. Government forces have banned almost every food item from entering the area.
This video shows local residents’ suffering in trying to provide their daily food.
People complain that bread has become unaffordable. To make sandwiches, they have to replace this staple food with other substances such as leafy vegetables or an apricot confection known as qamareddine, which is available for less than half the price of bread.

Shot List
1. M/S of street and men walking
2. C/S of vegetables and food
3. M/S of vegetables and food
4. C/S of bread with price (650 Syrian pounds per Kg)
5. M/S of child eating
6. M/S of child walking
7. C/S of men paying/purchasing
8. C/S of man cutting and weighing qamareddine (apricot confection)
9. C/S of child eating
10. Various of people packing and delivering qamareddine
11. W/S of streets
12. Various of people selling vegetables

13 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Abu Ahmad
(07:22) The price of bread is high now, around 650 or 700 Syrian pounds [per kilogram], so people decided to buy more vegetables. No one can afford the high prices now. People cannot even find work for 100 pounds, so they cannot pay 700 pounds for bread.
People are forced to go groves to pick mallows, chard and spinach to wrap olives with them for dinner – this is the the food that we can have.

Some people just boil spinach, add some oil to it and eat it without any eggs or meat.
This is all due to the siege the regime is imposing on us. God damn this regime, which is unjust to more than a million people in Eastern Ghouta. People are starving to death. Let have some mercy on us, God damn them! What can I say?

We are buying this [pack of apricot confection] for 200 Syrian pounds. We are wrapping cheese sandwiches for our kids with this.
We demand the nations who have a humanity and ethics to have compassion for kids and women, who are begging – when did our women and children ever beg? This is [our] reality life here, what else can I say (08:59).

14 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man), Abu Mahrous
(09:00) Due to siege the regime is imposing on us, people tend to buy more vegetables now. We used to get rice, lentils and bulgar wheat from the camp, but their prices increased. For example, bulgar wheat is now 1,200 pounds [per kilogram] – bread costs around 700 pounds a kilogram. People are forced to buy chards and qamareddine. Bashar [al-Assad] and his aides and followers think they can besiege Ghouta, but God willing, we will remain strong, Ghouta is the land of wealth. We have enough lands to grow the food we need needs, and God will abandon us. After patience comes ease. God willing, we shall be victorious (10:09).

15 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man), Adnan Al Yafi

(10:10) People tend to buy more vegetables because one kilogram of bulgar costs 1700 pounds, and the same goes lentils and rice. The prices of basic supplies ingredients we use in our dishes went up and – what is worse – some of them are no longer available due to the siege. Could you imagine the price of the bread is more than 700 pounds [per kilogram], if you were lucky to find bread. But, thanks be to God, we are fine, even if we are using cabbage or chards instead of bread to make sandwiches and we are growing our own plants now to fulfill our daily needs. We have been besieged for three years now and nobody cares about us. But, thanks be to God, we are doing fine, despite the siege and the inflation we are facing. We hope for better days to come. Imagine that the cabbage and other vegetable leaves are primary ingredients for our dishes now to survive (11:50).

16 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man), Abboud Al Arbini
(11:51): Two months ago, the roads were open blocked and it was much easier to deliver of all the products, so their prices were lower than now; sugar, rice, and everything else was cheaper than it is now. Now, as roads are blocked roads, the delivery of these products is harder, so their prices have gone up. Sugar now costs 2500 to 2800 pounds per kilogram, and a kilogram of rice costs 3,000 pounds 2,800 or 2,500 – it is sold for different prices. Now people are eating more qamareddine since it contains sugar, which the body requires. Other than qamareddine, people are eating vegetables such as chards because they are available in Ghouta. People have been unemployed for more than three years, so they need something cheap to eat. Chards or qamareddine are cheap and available in Ghouta (12:56).

(12:57) Flour used to cost 2,500 per kilogram, wheat cost 1000 pounds per kilogram and barley 700 pounds. With priuce hikes, people decided to buy qamareddine since it is cheaper. They are using qamareddine, chard or cabbage instead of bread to make sandwiches. Thanks be to God, we are able to grow these in Ghouta. God is merciful (13:43).

17 SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man), Mohammad al-Qadi
(13:44) Due to the siege that is imposed on us and lack of basic ingredients to make bread, like flour, the price of bread has gone up to 700 pounds [per kilogram]. Who could afford it now? We have been under siege for three years now, unemployed, so we cannot afford to buy expensive food for our families. Most of the people tend to buy more vegetables since we can grow them in Ghouta, despite the siege and the price hike. God is granting us life, not Bashar al-Assad.

Thumb sm
A Day in the Life of a Peshmerga Fema...
Sulaymaniah
By Stefano Carini
27 Jun 2014

June 28, 2014
Sulaymaniah, Iraq

Paxshan Omer (foreground), makes bread for her family as her mother, Sadi Hama (63), relaxes with a cigarette. Bread making is traditionally carried out by the women of the house, and often sees them make around 150 pieces of bread in 7 hours.

Thumb sm
A Day in the Life of a Peshmerga Fema...
Sulaymaniah
By Stefano Carini
27 Jun 2014

June 28, 2014
Sulaymaniah, Iraq

Paxshan Omer (Left), makes bread with her sister Shawnm (25) for their family. Bread making is traditionally carried out by the women of the house, and often sees them make around 150 pieces of bread in 7 hours.

Thumb sm
A Day in the Life of a Peshmerga Fema...
Sulaymaniah
By Stefano Carini
27 Jun 2014

June 27, 2014
Sulaymaniah, Iraq

37 year old Paxshan Omer (L), makes bread for her family as her mother, Sadi Hama (63), relaxes with a cigarette. Bread making is traditionally carried out by the women of the house, and often sees them make around 150 pieces of bread in 7 hours.

Thumb sm
A Day in the Life of a Peshmerga Fema...
Sulaymaniah
By Stefano Carini
27 Jun 2014

June 27, 2014
Sulaymaniah, Iraq

Paxshan Omer (Right), makes bread with her sister Shawnm (25) for their family. Bread making is traditionally carried out by the women of the house, and often sees them make around 150 pieces of bread in 7 hours.

Thumb sm
A Day in the Life of a Peshmerga Fema...
Sulaymaniah
By Stefano Carini
27 Jun 2014

June 27, 2014
Sulaymaniah, Iraq

Paxshan Omer (Left), makes bread with her sisters Dashne (30 Centre) and Shawnm (25) for their family.

Thumb sm
Refugees in Arsal, North Lebanon 7
Arsal, Lebanon
By James Haines-Young
14 Feb 2014

Syrian women making flat bread at a makeshift camp in Wadi Hamid between the boarders of Lebanon and Syria just outside Arsal.

Thumb sm
Raqqa, Syria (7 of 20)
Raqqa, Syria
By Alice Martins
17 Apr 2013

Members of a Free Syrian Army batallion help run a bakery that provides bread at low prices to civilians in the provincial capital of Al Raqqa. April 2013, Syria.

Thumb sm
Raqqa, Syria (6 of 20)
Raqqa, Syria
By Alice Martins
17 Apr 2013

Inside a bakery run by the Free Syrian Army in Raqqa. April 2013, Syria.

Thumb sm
The Jewish community in Livorno (5 of...
Livorno, Italy
By Nili Bassan
11 Apr 2013

One of the many lifelong customers shopping for bread at the only bakery that makes and sells kosher bread in Livorno, Italy.

Thumb sm
Cairo by TokTok (6 of 26)
shubra el khaymah, Egypt
By Teo Butturini
22 Mar 2013

An Egyptian man is seen crossing a street in Shobra El Kheima (Cairo, Egypt) while holding some pita bread. Living conditions are difficult in the suburbs -- many live on subsidized bread that costs as low as 1/5 of the official rate.

Thumb sm
A shopkeeper in Gaza
Gaza, Palestine
By kkoponen
20 Nov 2012

A Shopkeeper sells bread and other basic items in his shop in Gaza.

Thumb sm
Samir's Alley in Zaatari
Mafraq, Jordan
By Osie Greenway
31 Oct 2012

Samir and his family live in the newest section of the Zaatari Refugee camp the area where he lives is surrounded by his family including his brothers and their families and his mother who also made the trek with Samir and his eight children across the border under the cover of night with the Free Syrian Army in August. This small alley way is where his family lives in seven different tents. Here Samir fixes the winterization kits given by UNHCR, next to him lies bread from the bread line that arrived one day ago that has become moldy.

Thumb sm
Kurdish Nomads (15 of 27)
Idil, Turkey
By Jodi Hilton
12 May 2011

At a nomadic camp near Idil in Southeastern Turkey, a woman makes traditional flatbread. She is a member of a shepherd family that migrates around Southeastern Turkey during the spring, summer and fall seasons in order to graze sheep and goats. PHOTO BY JODI HILTON

Thumb sm
Kurdish Nomads (16 of 27)
Idil, Turkey
By Jodi Hilton
12 May 2011

At a nomadic camp near Idil in Southeastern Turkey, a woman makes traditional flatbread while her son stands nearby. She is a member of a shepherd family that migrates around Southeastern Turkey during the spring, summer and fall seasons in order to graze sheep and goats. PHOTO BY JODI HILTON

Thumb sm
Kurdish Nomads (17 of 27)
Idil, Turkey
By Jodi Hilton
12 May 2011

At a nomadic camp near Idil in Southeastern Turkey, dough for traditional flatbread is prepared by a member of a shepherd family that migrates around Southeastern Turkey during the spring, summer and fall seasons in order to graze sheep and goats. PHOTO BY JODI HILTON

Frame 0004
Bread Chants and Bread Symbolism, Tah...
Cairo, Egypt
By DrAlmo
26 Jan 2011

A video reporting covering events in Egypt on January 2011.

Frame 0004
Egypt Bread Riots in 1977
Egypt
By Video Cairo Sat
19 Jan 1977

The mass popular uprising in 1977 following the lifting of the bread subsidies.