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Estella: the Unique Mallorcan Sheepdog
Felanitx, Mallorca
By Marisa Candia Cadavid and Carwyn Jones
04 Feb 2016

‘Estella’ is a very cinematic and intimate four-minute piece. Estella is a very special sheep dog, a Ca de Bestiar, a breed unique to Mallorca. In this slice of rural life, we see her work with Miquel, a shepherd, as the twilight hour approaches on this Mediterranean island.

*English subtitled version: https://www.transterramedia.com/media/67629

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Estella: the Unique Mallorcan Sheepdo...
Felanitx, Mallorca
By Marisa Candia Cadavid and Carwyn Jones
04 Feb 2016

‘Estella’ is a very cinematic and intimate four-minute piece. Estella is a very special sheep dog, a Ca de Bestiar, a breed unique to Mallorca. In this slice of rural life, we see her work with Miquel, a shepherd, as the twilight hour approaches on this Mediterranean island.

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Living Conditions “Extremely Bad” in ...
Jarabulus
By TTM Contributor 34
13 Feb 2015

Jarabulus, Syria
February 13, 2015

This video offers a rare glimpse of daily life in Jarabulus, an ISIS-controlled Syrian town on the border with Turkey, located around 120 km northwest of Aleppo.
Video contains interviews with two anonymous residents who complained about their economic conditions, saying that basic commodities are unaffordable while there are few employment opportunities.

The footage, which was shot secretly, shows what is believed to be ISIS headquarters destroyed by international coalition-led airstrikes. It also shows local residents in markets and agriculture fields inside and near Jarabulus.

Fighters from the Nusra Front, considered the Syrian branch of al-Qaeda, took over the town in 2013 and later pledged allegiance to ISIS. More than 200,000 Kurds and Arabs in Jarabulus and the surrounding villages have lived under ISIS since early 2014.

The name of the contributor has been withheld for security reasons.

SHOTLIST AND TRANSCRIPT

Traveling of fields/ road sign “Jarablus”
Wide of destroyed bridge on river
Wide of lettering on a wall (ISIS religious teachings)
Various of destroyed buildings
Wide of ISIS religious teachings
Traveling of street
Wide of lettering on a wall (ISIS religious teachings)
Various of official printed announcements by ISIS posted outside a building/ close up of seal “The Islamic State, Department of Agriculture, Jarabulus District”
L-R pan of field
Wide of children sliding down a hill
Various of boat rowing in the Euphrates River
Wide of planted vegetables
Wide/ L-R pan of orchard
Various of sheep grazing
Close-up of a person cutting firewood
Various of woman cooking using a stove
Various of a woman milking a cow
Various of oil containers for sale on the roadside
Medium of man at fish market
Various of vegetables for sale at market
Wide of field and sheep herd
Traveling of people in an outdoor market
Various of clothes and shoes for sale
Various of spices for sale
Various of market
Various of crowd at market
Various of food items for sale
Wide/ traveling inside health center

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Woman) Unnamed Jarabulus Resident
09:54 – 12:16

“The situation is not good. I cannot say that we are comfortable. Our situation is very bad. A diesel barrel costs 20,000 [Syrian pounds]. How can we afford it? A gas canister costs 4,000 [Syrian pounds] and a liter of kerosene costs 225 pounds. A pack of bread costs 130 pounds. How can we afford this? I have two young men who are unemployed. Where can they go? “The [Islamic] State is good. They have caught the debauched and the thieves who have hurt people, but they provide electricity and water for only two hours [a day]. For more than a year, people have barely seen electricity. It is provided during two hours but the grid is overloaded and the current is interrupted after half an hour. The bakery was not functioning; they repaired it but bread is expensive. We cannot afford it. I bake bread myself.

“As for warplanes… Our houses have been fractured. These countries have formed a coalition against us. We live in a border town. Bombing goes on night and day.

“They should have bombed the tyrant who has deprived us of everything. He has ruined everything. Whenever our children went out to look for work they were accused of being criminals and caught. All our young men have been put in jail. What can we do? The situation is bad.

“We use firewood. We had olive trees but we cut them down and burned them in the stove to have heat in this cold weather.

“I have a cow. Animal feed is expensive. A kilogram of hay costs 50 pounds. A bale of barely that contains 40 kg costs 2,700 pounds. We need this cow to feed us. All the people who have cattle suffer the same crisis that we do. It is not only me; all of us suffer a bad situation. We wish that we die. There is not a single house that has not been fractured due to warplanes.”

SOUNDBITE (Arabic, Man) Unnamed Jarabulus Resident
12:17 – 13: 19

“Conditions under the Islamic State are extremely bad. Under the Islamic State, a barrel of diesel costs more than $100. A ton of firewood costs 22,000 [pounds]. This crisis has never been witnessed before.

“Nothing has improved under the Islamic State. Everything has deteriorated. They should create employment for the people. The people work in agricultural lands, which do not provide any revenue. We have abandoned our land. Not all the plots are being cultivated. People have cut down olive groves and used them as firewood. The situation is extremely miserable. There are no services and foreign countries are not providing aid. The Islamic State is in control of the situation. Turkey has closed the border and aid cannot reach people. The situation is very bad under the Islamic State.”

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The Lives of Muslim Women in Tajikistan
Roshorv, Tajikistan
By karolinasamborska
07 Feb 2015

Little Gulguna, like most children around the world, goes to school at 8am. This Morning, like every morning in the Bartang Valley starts by rearranging the room from bedroom to living room. She swiftly collects the flowery mattresses, quilts and pillows, and places them in pile in a corner of the room. She covers a neatly stacked pile of colorful mattresses with blankets, patterned with flowers and Marco Polo sheep. Pamiri kitchens sparkle as if from tales of the Far East. Walls are adorned with colorful carpets and rugs; vivid vinyl tablecloths decorate tables and cupboards, and flowery shawls grace women’s heads. Dad lights a fire in the stove. First morning smoke spreads throughout the room. It chokes and attacks the eyes. After a while you become accustomed to it. They say that apparently it's not healthy to breathe smoke, but it's better than freezing in winter at 3000 meters. It’s cold and windy outside, but inside the family begins to enjoy pleasant and blissful warmth wafting through the room. After the winter, you need to beat fabrics and clean everything, because of the smoke. Old houses can be recognized by the blackened beams on their ceilings. For breakfast, Gulguna enjoys a bowl of her favorite shir thai. Shir thai is a milk tea with salt and margarine added, perfect to dip pieces of homemade bread into. She is just about to leave the house, when mum fixes her hair and helps her put on her backpack. She goes to school happily. Lessons begin when all the kids are present, so there are never late. Roshovr, a village in which Gulguna lives is made up of the Ismaili, common throughout the Tajik Pamir. The Ismaili are a progressive branch of Islam, labeling them to other groups as heretics. For centuries persecuted, they found their refuge in the mountainous regions of Asia: Pakistani and Afghani Hindu Kush, Iran, and here in the Tajik Pamir. Khorog, home to 28,000 is one of the biggest Ismaili cities. The rest are scattered in villages in the mountains. Their spiritual leader is the Agha Khan, educated and living in the west. The 49th imam instructs his followers to follow the ways of the present day. He urges people to learn English, as it is considered to be a language of science and to learn to use computers, themselves a tool for learning. Women may or may not cover their heads. You often see them walking with their long black hair free in the wind, conversely, some may opt to due to the harsh, hot and sandy climate. Muslim women in this part of the world are free. Their position in society may have its differences, but could be looked upon as equal to that of men. They can learn and they can work. If they want to study, they go to university and afterwards, they marry a man they chose.

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
02 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan rests with his family and his business partner Naki Tez around a fire at a camp at 1200 m above sea level on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: Goats of YšorŸuk shepherd Refik …Ogan drink water at a spring in a wooded area of the Taurus Mountains, during their migration towards the winter grazes on the coastal hills. Goat milk is used by YošruŸks to produce their celebrated Tulum cheese and delicacies, like goat butter and yogurt. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd †UmmuŸ …Ogan milks a goat of her family's herd on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains during their migration towards the winter grazes on the coastal hills. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd U†mmuŸ O…gan makes the fire for lunch while her husband Refik brings her firewood. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: The goat herd, led by YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan, walks down a trail in a wooded area of the Taurus Mountains during their migration toward winter grazes on the coastal hills. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd †UmmuŸ O…gan gets ready to make lunch with two butchered roosters, at a 1200 m above sea level camp on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan leads his herd, armed with an automatic shotgun, while his older son …Ozcan follows it, also armed with a shotgun. Even more than wolves they fear feraldogs which, unlike wolves, are not afraid of men or shepherd dogs. A recent, controversial bill planning to solve stray dogs problem in urban areas by deporting them to the wilderness is deeply concerning for shepherds. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's truck climbs along the trail
toward the mountain pass where they spent the summer, while his sons lead the herd through the mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's herd graze while the shepherds quickly eat and rest, during a pause in their migration towards the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan guards his herd, armed with an automatic shotgun. The day before their migration began, a sheep belonging to a neighboring "yayla" had been killed by a wolf, and recent traces of wolves have been found along their path. The Turkish word for wolf is "kurt", but YošruŸks call it "janavar", "the beast". (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: An outraged chicken looks at the camera while held by Yoruk shepherd †UmmuŸ hanim, while the rest of her family hunts down the other chickens, to take them for the winter migration down to the coastal hills. The older ones and the roosters will be used as meat supply, butchered along the way. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: …Ozay O…gan's , younger son of Refik, removes the cover of the goat shelter to store it for winter. He is doing so in preparation for the winter migration with the herd down to the coastal hills. The typical shelters are called "Ilkilik", from the archaic Turkish word for goat "ilki", still used only in YošruŸk language. Once they were covered with goat wool canvas. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: A "yayla", a mountain outpost where YošruŸk nomads and their herds spend the summers, at 1800 m above sea level. It is called SšoguŸt (Willow) from the derelict tree that stands by the well and it's made of just five houses and a dozen of goat shelters. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: The goat herd, led by YšoruŸk shepherds …Ozcan and …Ozay O…gan, descends the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, toward the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's truck steers carefully along the hairpin turns of the trail down the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, descending to the coastal low hills where his goats herd will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's herd climbs toward the mountain pass between the high plains where they spent the summer and the steep rim of the Taurus Mountains, before descending to the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: The herd of 249 goats and 4 sheep, led by Refik …Ogan and his older son O…zcan, leaves the "yayla", the mountain outpost where they spent the summer, heading to the low coastal hills in their seasonal migration. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd U†mmuŸ O…gan prepares dinner while making tea on an old stove at a camp located 1200 m above sea level on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: Refik O…gan watches his goats descending the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, while a break in the clouds shows glimpses of sunny wooded areas. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd …Ozcan O…gan leads his goats herd out of the fog on the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, descending to the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: YšorŸuk shepherd Refik O…gan and his business partner, documentary film maker and honey producer Naki Tez discuss accounting in Mr. …Ogan's mountain "manar".(Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: The family of Refik …Ogan, and his business partner Naki Tez, have dinner in their mountain "manar". (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: A typical YošruŸk dinner at shepherd Refik O…gan's mountain "manar". Aside from the bean stews and bread, goat yogurt is a pillar of YoroŸk cuisine and revered across Turkey. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: The "manar", a drywall house of YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan at SšoguŸt, the mountain "yayla" where his family spend the summers with their goats. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: †UmmuŸ hanim, wife of Refik O…gan, cooks on a stone hearth in their family's mountain "manar".

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Goats and sheep
palangan
By Ulrik Pedersen
13 Feb 2014

The source of many Kurds' monthly income is livestock like goats and sheep, which they send to the fields outlying their villages in the morning. The average income is around 300 dollars. Palangan, Iran.

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

There are a lot of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Many of them are poor and live in tents. Some children use to work and support their family. For example they pasture ships and goats. Like these three boys from Quneitra, who live now in Bar Elias in Lebanon.

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valey, Lebanon)

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valley, Lebanon)

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valley, Lebanon)

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valley, Lebanon)

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valley, Lebanon)

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valley, Lebanon)

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valley, Lebanon)

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Syrian shepards in Lebanon
Bar Elias, Lebanon
By lukas.goga
11 Oct 2013

Syrian shepards pasture flock of sheeps and goats in Bar Elias (Bekaa Valley, Lebanon)

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Kuzu "Sheep"
Karaman, Turkey
By Amy Hume
09 Apr 2013

The Yörük, nomads of Anatolia and the Balkans, rely on animals as their livelihood. Due to the introduction of modern technology, education and government subsidies, some of the shepherds have become sedentary. For those that still migrate in the traditional way, they live in the lowlands during the winter and the mountains in the summer. For the modern families, they live in the villages or cities in the winter and have summer homes on the seaside. For the younger generations, there is struggle between keeping with tradition and evolving into modern life, which is threatening the culture of these historical nomads.