Tags / Silk
Isaan, Thailand. The dry season stretches far beyond what’s normal. In hope for rain men head to the fields to prepare them for sowing. Women wait at home.
Isaan, Thailand. Houses around Surin in Thailand were once a hub of cottage silk production. A housewife was taking care of each step, from rearing worms to weaving.
Isaan, Thailand. Pimnipa chats with her aunt about global warming. This is a really “hot” topic in the village nowadays. Both women once used to rear silkworms.
Isaan, Thailand. A woman shows off her sericulture. Traditionally, the threshing floor is wetted to keep the temperature down. Modern appliances like AC had been installed to fight the rising temperatures.
Isaan, Thailand. As silkworms feed only on the fresh leaves, some are growing them as a side business. With caterpillars eating 3 times a day, this bag won’t last for long.
Surin is located in the rural east of Thailand, in the province Isaan. Agriculture, the main industry of the region, was once supplemented by sericulture. Such an arrangement was making the households self-sufficient, ensuring food on the table and shirts on oneâ€™s back. My host, Pimnipa, used to grow and weave silk herself, but two years ago an extremely hot summer killed all her silkworms putting her out of business. Subsequently, she had to abandon her loom. The raw silk-thread is not easy to get and the prices went up, as only few suppliers managed to survive. Pimnipa is my guide to what remains of the local silk industry. She takes me under the roofs of the sparse houses that are still involved in silk-making, so that I can learn about the process. Several years ago each household was self-reliant but today people had to specialize to get by. Those who grow silk, usually donâ€™t weave, and those who dye thread, donâ€™t rear the worms and so on. Itâ€™s not a solvent business anymore. Nowadays, the climate change and the low profitability also top the reasons for the widespread reluctance to invest in sericulture. It takes both, time and patience. Silkworms are voracious eaters, and yet they're extremely fragile and vulnerable to insects, noises or heat. Recent very hot summers resulting in hundreds of baskets full of dead caterpillars left a large hole in the finances of many villagers. Like in Pimnipaâ€™s case, those baskets were then put aside never to be looked at again. Each handmade silk cloth is unique and easily recognizable because of its irregularities and occasional knots. The patterns are often a signature of the village or even a family, secretly guarded for generations. In spite of its beauty, the handmade silk attracts less and less buyers every year. Due to the time and labor required to make a piece of fabric, this product is not cheap. Since the markets are overflowing with cheap factory-made silk from China, small looms struggle with distribution. A loom on the porch was once a sight as common as a buffalo in the Surin villages. Today more often one can see those tools in the far corner of the backyards, like sad decaying carcasses of the by-gone self-sufficiency. But there are a couple areas where the hand-woven silk brings great returns. Ban Thasawang is one such village, a place of great renown as it produces the silk for the Royal Family itself. The less fortunate weavers are mostly Pimnipaâ€™s age or older. Their daughters and granddaughters are unlikely to learn the craft. The youth flees from the villages to the cities, and even if they remain, they indulge in far more â€śsophisticatedâ€ť pastimes like watching TV or taking drugs. The household silk production, a vehicle for women empowerment and a source of their pride, is in the hands of the passing generation. And without a rescue plan they may die alongside. Photos by Gloria Kurnik
Maha Kumbh mela (fair) is about to come and carpets weaver is busy for exhibition preparation. Indian Carpets are renowned the world over for their exquisite designs attractive colours. The magnificence of Indian carpet weaving and the intricate patterns that have emerged from it have substantially increased India's carpet exports and placed it prominently in the international carpet map.
Carpet weaving was brought to India by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century. Some of the most exclusive carpets were created during the Mughal reign, each carpet unlike the other but infused with a common magic of colours and exotic design.
A carpet weaver's skills are his own and the designs he evolves are from his mind to be translated in to beautiful form with the help of wool and silk.
Sound Byte-Javahar Lal, Organizer (HINDI)
Good News for Carpet Industries, Director of kumbh mela permitted Carpet Exhibition in the fair. Best unit of carpet can exhibit in Kumbh mela 2013. This year on international level Maha Kumbh Fair will celebrate; So Carpet Industries can also get international facility over there. Those artisans can not introduce their art in international market they can show here.
Sound Byte-Abdul Hadi, Carpet weaver (HINDI)
“I am Happy and welcome to this announcement.it will be first time than our 200 year old carpet industry introduces both national and international level, it is Maha kumbh mela (fair) everybody will come here across the country. We get a good chance for exhibit our Art.”
Local News Agency: News Point TV
Shooting Dateline: October 11, 2012
Shooting Location: Bhadohi , Utter Pradesh (INDIA)
Publishing Time: October 11, 2012
Video Size: 250 MB
1.Camra pan left
2. Mid Close Up shot of Carpets factory
3. Mid Close Up shot of Carpets design
4. Mid Long shot of weaver
5. Close Up shot weavers hands
6. Close Up shot of weavers
7. Mid Long Shot of weaver
8. Closup Shots of weaver hands
9. over the shoulder shot of weaver
10. Mid Long Shot of weaver tough up the carpet
11. Various shots of making carpet
12.Long shot of raw material of carpet