Thumb sm
Domestic Workers Face 'Modern Slavery...
Hong Kong
By Miguel Candela
01 Mar 2015

320,000 migrant women are exposed to all kinds of physical and psychological abuse in the domestic service sector of Hong Kong. This story is a testimony of their experiences and struggles.

After being repeatedly abused and realizing that her situation would not improve, in a desperate attempt, Kamsiah ran away from her employer's house without money or documentation. Subsequently she was accused of stealing her employer's wallet which was said to contain around 900 US Dollars. Unfortunately, false accusations are a common practice to pressure migrant workers and avoid paying the wages owed to them. Barefooted, without money nor documentation, she sought refuge in a 24-hour fast food restaurant and waited until another compatriot helped her and took her to a shelter.

Esther C. Bangkawayan is the director of Bethune House shelter, where foreign domestic helpers who suffer abuse find shelter, food, and legal advice. They now house about a dozen women in trouble, but at times they even have to squeeze around 20 people in the small house nestled beside a church in Kowloon. A domestic helper herself, Esther is campaigning the government to scrap two rules she deems unfair: one which forbids employees from changing their employers more than three times a year, and another one which doesn’t allow them from changing to work at another sector of the economy.

42 year old filipino domestic helper Grace signed a misleading labour contract to work in Hong Kong but she instead ended up in Dalian, a northeast Chinese city 1,979 km far from Hong Kong. After confronting her employer about the situation, Grace was put into a return flight to Hong Kong without her pending salary and with only 200 RMB in her wallet. Grace has made now a formal complaint against the recruitment agency which made her labour contract. However, she is not very optimistic regarding her chances of recovering the debt of 40,000 pesos she currently has in the Philippines.

Eni Lestari, Indonesian, is the spokesperson for the Justice for Erwiana Committee. A domestic helper herself, she hopes to get justice for one of her compatriots, Erwiana Sulistyaningsih, who came to Hong Kong seeking for a better life and future but instead found a form of modern slavery. Erwiana’€™s employers hit her so severely that her brain has sustained irreversible injuries. As a result, she is unable to walk properly and has blurred vision. Her employer punched Erwiana so violently that her teeth cracked. She was sent to Indonesia with her body full of bruises and 8 US dollars in her pocket. Outraged immigrants like Lestari demand now justice and prison for her attackers. The Court has already declared them guilty and sentence is pending.

On Sundays thousands of Indonesian women gather in the streets and public spaces around Hong Kong to take advantage of their only day off. Most take their own food and an umbrella and talk to their friends all day long.

“€œWe barely have any money, so we have to take our lunch from our employer's house and sit in any public space that we can so we can enjoy our leisure time with our friends,”€ said Kamsiah.

To enjoy their free time and to get to know other immigrant workers in Hong Kong, immigrant groups organize activities for the women, such as beauty contests and self-defense classes in Victoria Park.  Persaudaraan Setia Hati Terate Fight Club teaches women to protect themselves from abusive employers.

Not only helping the women get away from the world of domestic work for the little time they have off or boosting their ability to defend themselves, such activities are the only social contact many have; and friends made during Sundays can be of great importance when difficulties arise.

FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE ON REQUEST

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tamanna, age of 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Mili, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Zhumu, age 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tareq, age 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Bilqis, age 9, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Runa, age 9, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Mili, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Kabita, age of 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tania, age 10, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.

Thumb sm
portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Sheuli, age o8, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.