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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
02 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan rests with his family and his business partner Naki Tez around a fire at a camp at 1200 m above sea level on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: Goats of YšorŸuk shepherd Refik …Ogan drink water at a spring in a wooded area of the Taurus Mountains, during their migration towards the winter grazes on the coastal hills. Goat milk is used by YošruŸks to produce their celebrated Tulum cheese and delicacies, like goat butter and yogurt. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd †UmmuŸ …Ogan milks a goat of her family's herd on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains during their migration towards the winter grazes on the coastal hills. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd U†mmuŸ O…gan makes the fire for lunch while her husband Refik brings her firewood. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: The goat herd, led by YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan, walks down a trail in a wooded area of the Taurus Mountains during their migration toward winter grazes on the coastal hills. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 2, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd †UmmuŸ O…gan gets ready to make lunch with two butchered roosters, at a 1200 m above sea level camp on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
01 Nov 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan leads his herd, armed with an automatic shotgun, while his older son …Ozcan follows it, also armed with a shotgun. Even more than wolves they fear feraldogs which, unlike wolves, are not afraid of men or shepherd dogs. A recent, controversial bill planning to solve stray dogs problem in urban areas by deporting them to the wilderness is deeply concerning for shepherds. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's truck climbs along the trail
toward the mountain pass where they spent the summer, while his sons lead the herd through the mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's herd graze while the shepherds quickly eat and rest, during a pause in their migration towards the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan guards his herd, armed with an automatic shotgun. The day before their migration began, a sheep belonging to a neighboring "yayla" had been killed by a wolf, and recent traces of wolves have been found along their path. The Turkish word for wolf is "kurt", but YošruŸks call it "janavar", "the beast". (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: An outraged chicken looks at the camera while held by Yoruk shepherd †UmmuŸ hanim, while the rest of her family hunts down the other chickens, to take them for the winter migration down to the coastal hills. The older ones and the roosters will be used as meat supply, butchered along the way. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: …Ozay O…gan's , younger son of Refik, removes the cover of the goat shelter to store it for winter. He is doing so in preparation for the winter migration with the herd down to the coastal hills. The typical shelters are called "Ilkilik", from the archaic Turkish word for goat "ilki", still used only in YošruŸk language. Once they were covered with goat wool canvas. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: A "yayla", a mountain outpost where YošruŸk nomads and their herds spend the summers, at 1800 m above sea level. It is called SšoguŸt (Willow) from the derelict tree that stands by the well and it's made of just five houses and a dozen of goat shelters. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: The goat herd, led by YšoruŸk shepherds …Ozcan and …Ozay O…gan, descends the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, toward the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YšoruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's truck steers carefully along the hairpin turns of the trail down the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, descending to the coastal low hills where his goats herd will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan's herd climbs toward the mountain pass between the high plains where they spent the summer and the steep rim of the Taurus Mountains, before descending to the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: The herd of 249 goats and 4 sheep, led by Refik …Ogan and his older son O…zcan, leaves the "yayla", the mountain outpost where they spent the summer, heading to the low coastal hills in their seasonal migration. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd U†mmuŸ O…gan prepares dinner while making tea on an old stove at a camp located 1200 m above sea level on the southern slope of the Taurus Mountains. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: Refik O…gan watches his goats descending the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, while a break in the clouds shows glimpses of sunny wooded areas. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) November 1, 2014: YošruŸk shepherd …Ozcan O…gan leads his goats herd out of the fog on the southern rim of the Taurus Mountains, descending to the coastal low hills where they will spend the winter. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
31 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: YšorŸuk shepherd Refik O…gan and his business partner, documentary film maker and honey producer Naki Tez discuss accounting in Mr. …Ogan's mountain "manar".(Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: The family of Refik …Ogan, and his business partner Naki Tez, have dinner in their mountain "manar". (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: A typical YošruŸk dinner at shepherd Refik O…gan's mountain "manar". Aside from the bean stews and bread, goat yogurt is a pillar of YoroŸk cuisine and revered across Turkey. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: The "manar", a drywall house of YošruŸk shepherd Refik O…gan at SšoguŸt, the mountain "yayla" where his family spend the summers with their goats. (Photo by Piero Castellano)

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The yoruk- traditional nomads in a mo...
Taurus Mountains
By Piero Castellano
30 Oct 2014

Taurus Mountains (Turkey) October 31, 2014: †UmmuŸ hanim, wife of Refik O…gan, cooks on a stone hearth in their family's mountain "manar".