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Land Day 7
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

The refugees ended their Land Day action with Friday prayers at the edge of Lifta's spring under the watchful eyes of Israeli security forces and Jewish orthodox youth from the nearby settlements.

Palestinian refugees from Lifta. Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel. March 27 2015.

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Land Day 8
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

A Jewish youth from a nearby settlement talks to Palestinians commemorating land day in the village of Lifta.

Although the village centre of Lifta and its houses remain unoccupied, large areas of the village's wider lands were expropriated for settlement expansion. Orthodox youth from these settlements regularly visit Lifta to bath in its spring

Palestinian refugees and Jewish orthodox youth, Lifta, West Jerusalem, March 27 2015.

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Land Day 9
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

Lifta's mosque is also still standing today and offers sweeping views across the western slopes of the village from its arched windows.

Palestinian refugees from Lifta. Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel, March 27 2015.

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Land Day 10
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

Cleaning and restoration work in the village cemetery has become a focal point for many events held by the community-in-exile when they visit Lifta. The refugees' ancestors remain buried at the site to this day. There are now estimated to be more than 7 million Palestinian refugees and displaced people.

Palestinian refugees from Lifta. Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel. March 27 2015.

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Land Day 11
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

Nader Liftawi was born a refugee in the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood of East Jerusalem in 1970 and was brought to the village regularly by his father from an early age.

"I have brought my children here since they were young. I come at least once every month to check the houses, clean the graves and smell the air. This is everything to us," explained Nader.

Nader Liftawi, Palestinian refugee form Lifta. Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel. March 27 2015.

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Land Day 13
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

Lifta was forcibly depopulated in early 1948 by Zionist militias, well before the official establishment of the State of Israel. Some Nakba survivors say that they were told to leave temporarily and would later be allowed to return.

Palestinian refugees from Lifta. Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel. March 27 2015.

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Land Day 14
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

Yakoub Odeh is one of Lifta's Nakba survivors and also the head of 'Sons of Lifta' - a community group that was established by the refugees in defense of their village and their right to return to live in the village: "We are here to remember, we are here to learn and we are here to say we will never give up (our struggle for return)."

Yakoub Odeh and Palestinian refugees from Lifta. Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel. March 27 2015.

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Land Day 15
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

Lifta is unique amongst the Palestinian villages that were depopulated during the Nakba in that the majority of its houses remain structurally intact and are not occupied by Israelis today.

Palestinian refugees from Lifta. Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel. March 27 2015.

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Land Day 22
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

The refugees hung signs in various locations around Lifta reaffirming the history and Palestinian identity of the village.
Palestinian refugees from Lifta, Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel. March 27 2015.

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Land Day 16
Lifta
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

After a journet of only 10 minutes the refugees arrived back in the village from which they were forcibly displaced in early 1948 by Zionist militias.
Palestinian refugees from Lifta, Lifta, West Jerusalem, Israel. March 27 2015.

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Land Day 17
East Jerusalem
By Rich Wiles
26 Mar 2015

Palestinian refugees boarded buses in the East Jerusaelm neighbourhood of French Hill to make the short journey across the Green Line to their home village of Lifta to commemorate Land Day.

Palestinian refugees from Lifta, March 27 2015, French Hill, East Jerusalem, Palestine.

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Apache Spring: The Fight for Oak Flat
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
18 Feb 2015

IF LICENSED, THE CONTRIBUTOR CAN EDIT THE FINAL OUTPUT OF THIS DOCUMENTARY ACCORDING TO YOUR SPECIFICATIONS.

In Arizona Apache activists lead a 45 mile march culminating in an open-ended occupation of sacred land recently turned over to Resolution Copper for mining. In December Sen. John McCain attached a rider to the Defense Bill giving the 2,400 acre Oak Flat to the Rio Tinto subsidiary. This story follows several activists during the actions, beginning on the San Carlos Indian Reservation and through the occupation at Oak Flat.

Originally Oak Flat was part of the initial San Carlos Indian Reservation when it was established in 1872. As with much of the land surrounding the Reservation as it exists today, the land was taken away from the Apache Tribes parcel by parcel in the late-19th and early-20th centuries and given to an expanding mining industry. Oak Flat, however, unlike other parcels, was made exempt from mining in 1955 by an executive order issued by Pres. Dwight Eisenhower and was preserved as part of the Tonto National Forest. December's legislation effectively overturns that executive order.

The Apache now living on the San Carlos Reservation are not traditionally from that specific area. Apache tribes lived in the surrounding mountains, including the area of Oak Flat, before being defeated by the US Calvary and driven onto the Reservation in the late 1800s. The Reservation was originally a prison camp. Oak Flat is one of several sites that was once Apache land but has long since been out of the tribes' control. For countless generations the site has been considered a holy place in their native religion. In addition to it being an ancestral home of the Apache, Oak Flat is also a burial site; a place to gather acorns as part of a traditional fall ritual; and a location for the Sunrise Ceremony, the coming-of-age ceremony for young Apache women, among other traditions.

What makes the Oak Flat mining project especially controversial is the method of mining that will be used, called "block cave mining." At Oak Flat, the copper ore lies more than a mile beneath the surface. In contrast to conventional mining practices, "block cave" essentially digs deep and removes all of the matter from a site - copper ore, earth, waste, etc. - and the top eventually caves in on top of the cavern. This is a far cheaper but far more destructive process. Once the mine is in full operation no one will be permitted to access Oak Flat - not campers, climbers, and hikers; not the Apache who consider it a sacred place. And according to Resolution Copper itself, as the entire surface collapses Oak Flat will eventually be destroyed.

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Apache Spring 23
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
08 Feb 2015

The Pinto Copper Mine is an active mine located near Oak Flat. In contrast to this and other mines in the area, Oak Flat will use the "block cave" mining process. This involves a series of deep underground detonations that essentially collapses the mountainous terrain in on itself. The the ore and other materials are then extracted from a series of tunnels dug in the earth. This process creates more toxic material than conventional mining practices and produces greater contaminates affecting the ground water with acid runoff. But it's far more cost effective and stands to make Resolution Copper a far greater profit off the Oak Flat copper deposits.

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Apache Spring 24
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
07 Feb 2015

A drinking water vending machine is seen here along Superior, Arizona's main thoroughfare. Off the Reservation the mining towns of the "Copper Triangle" are dealing with their own water contamination issues as a result of the mining industry in drought-stricken Arizona. The "block cave" mining process uses far more water than traditional mining methods and also produces more contaminates and acid runoff. This contamination leaches into the soil and can affect nearby fresh water aquifers.

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Apache Spring 25
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
07 Feb 2015

The city of Superior is only a few miles from Oak Flat. This mining town houses the headquarters of Resolution Copper, the subsidiary of foreign-owned Rio Tinto that is the benefactor of the Oak Flat giveaway. Superior is split widely on the Oak Flat mine, with some hoping for the promised economic boom, and others failing to believe Resolution Copper's line after witnessing too many mining busts.

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Apache Spring 13
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

The second day of the march begins with prayer and songs lead by two of the Apache elders and religious leaders. Carrie Reede Curley joins in the singing. "In our religion you're taught that everything has a breath of life in it. It is important that we honor that in our Apache tradition. We sing about it. We sing about the stars, that water is life and these people are overseeing that; that our religion is very sacred to us."

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Apache Spring 14
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

On the way to Oak Flat the marchers pass shuttered buldings in the impoverished mining town of Miami, Arizona. The tax revenue from the surrounding mines is split across Arizona based on population, so the small mining towns that bear the brunt of the industry see far fewer tax dollars than high population areas removed from the impacts of mining, such as Phoenix or Tucson. The boom and bust nature of mining has blighted the town as pigeons have taken up residence in the boarded up "Miami Tourist Hotel," established during a mining boom era of 1907, but long since abandoned.

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Apache Spring 15
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

Carrie "CC" Reede Curley and Standing Fox look on as Wendsler Nosie Sr. addresses the crowd on the perils of the mountain roads ahead of them. In a compromise with the Highway Patrol for safety reasons, young volunteers eagerly volunteered to form groups of four to take turns carrying the ceremonial staffs through curvy mountain roads, while the others load into vans for the final few miles.

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Apache Spring 16
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

On the second day of the walk a blister is attended to just outside the town of Miami. The hike has become more mountainous on the second day and marchers are feeling the effects of the road. Despite the obstacles the vast majority have walked the first 30 plus miles of the journey.

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Apache Spring 17
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

Just outside the town of Miami, adjacent to an open pit mine, sits a pool of toxic runoff water behind a chain link fence. Much of the drinking water in the surrounding communities is widely considered unsafe to drink. Block cave mining in Oak Flat will also create similar toxic pools of water on land that is sacred to the Apache and activists say it will jeopardize the fresh water aquifer that the people of San Carlos, Globe and Miami all depend on.

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Apache Spring 18
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

In addition to the numerous medicinal herbs that grow in Oak Flat are trees bearing the acorns sacred to the Apache. The acorn are mashed into a thick paste and have traditionally played an important role in their diet. The freedom and ability to continue gathering herbs and acorns and perform traditional ceremonies at the site is a key demand in the fight to preserve Oak Flat.

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Apache Spring 19
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

Adjacent to the Oak Flat campground, exploratory mining has begun in the hunt for the rich copper seem that lies beneath the surface. A lone worker stands atop the deep earth drill, while a tattered American flag ripples in the wind. Even in the mining community, many have questioned the notion of patriotism Sen. John McCain and other Arizona politicians have put forward as a reason for the deal to hand over Oak Flat, worth billions of dollars in copper, to a foreign-owned company in an uneven land exchange.

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Apache Spring 20
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

Just beyond the untouched boundaries of Oak Flat, exploratory mining has begun. Rio Tinto, through its subsidiary Resolution Copper, stands to make billions of dollars from the copper rich-land. While most of the profit will leave the state of Arizona, into the coffers of a foreign owned company, the costs associated with the environmental degradation and toxic biproducts will largely be footed by the local communities.

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Apache Spring 21
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

Generations of Apache women stand at the entrance to Oak Flat, preparing to lead the large delegation into the Oak Flat campground after the 45 mile march. At the center of the group stands Carrie "CC" Reede Curley with one of the sacred staffs. After marching into Oak Flat, she reflected upon the experience: "We did it and our ancestors welcomed us... We proved that we are strong. I couldn't explain it. Just having everyone cheering behind you, marching with you on that dirt road to the holy ground... And holding that staff, it was very empowering."

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Apache Spring 22
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
06 Feb 2015

Standing Fox looks on as the tribe's religious leaders address the crowd. He reflects after reaching Oak Flat: "Our Religion is deeply rooted in these sacred places and its what our ancestors fought for and died for. And as young people we honor them today, standing up for what is right and protecting our religion and our way of life - our Apache way."

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Apache Spring 07
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
05 Feb 2015

Wendsler Nosie and Carrie Reede Curley share a laugh as they lead the march from the San Carlos Reservation toward Oak Flat. Reede Curley is a prominent Apache painter and activist with a deep love for Apache culture. “Wendsler went ahead and handed me this staff... This staff has power, prayer, our four colors - our sacred colors, and it’s definitely keeping me motivated as well. Holding this is a great honor.”

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Apache Spring 08
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
05 Feb 2015

Young Apache lead the march as they near the the border of the San Carlos Reservation. Wendsler Nosie Sr.'s granddaughter, 15 year old Naelyn Pike, is in the front middle of the group. She speaks on the significance of the march: "Its not just us that are here, our ancestors, those that fought for us, those generations are here. They are fighting with us. I can feel their presence, they're walking with us."

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Apache Spring 09
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
05 Feb 2015

Standing Fox holds a sign on the side of the highway leading out of the San Carlos Reservation. The sun is setting as the group prepares to move on toward their day's destination, the city of Globe - another ten miles away. Being visible in places where Apache may not always feel welcome and shaking off "the disease of fear" are core principals of the march. According to Tribal Councilman Wendsler Nosie, as recently as 1974 Native Americans were often not permitted in restaurants in Globe and many negative feelings remain. Standing Fox tours the country representing his community through his music and art, but he has returned to see the Occupy Oak Flat movement through.

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Apache Spring 10
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
05 Feb 2015

One of the sacred staffs of the Apache people. The marchers have placed great significance in not allowing the staves to enter a car, but to be carried the entire journey to Oak Flat without modern conveniences. For the marchers, the journey by foot is part of the experience. Wendsler Nosie Sr. speaks of the importance of the marching to Oak Flat: "You can't just go to a holy site and expect blessings to be given to you... As we're going these 44, or 45 miles, we're being greeted by the environment... You have to have that communication with the Creator, and that's an important concept for us."

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Apache Spring 11
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
05 Feb 2015

Thirteen miles into their journey, the march has reached the reservation line. Several elders of the tribe have made the entire journey so far. The marchers attach much symbolism in crossing this line of demarcation, that of overcoming the fear and intimidation instilled into the Apache people by being forced onto the Reservation.

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Apache Spring 12
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
05 Feb 2015

Wendsler Nosie's granddaughter Naelyn Pike stands on the reservation line in the glow of the setting sun. Attending rallies since the age of 2, Naelyn has grown up in the struggle to save Oak Flat. At the young age of 15, Naelyn has already testified before U.S. Congress in opposition to the Oak Flat land giveaway and is a prominent Apache activist. Naelyn takes a deep breath as she prepares for the next step of the journey. “I feel a little tired, but I'm still energized at the same time... A weird feeling.”

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Apache Spring: The Fight for Oak Flat...
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
04 Feb 2015

In Arizona Apache activists lead a 45 mile march culminating in an open-ended occupation of sacred land recently turned over to Resolution Copper for mining. In December Sen. John McCain attached a rider to the Defense Bill giving the 2,400 acre Oak Flat to the Rio Tinto subsidiary. This story follows several activists during the actions, beginning on the San Carlos Indian Reservation and through the occupation at Oak Flat.

Originally Oak Flat was part of the initial San Carlos Indian Reservation when it was established in 1872. As with much of the land surrounding the Reservation as it exists today, the land was taken away from the Apache Tribes parcel by parcel in the late-19th and early-20th centuries and given to an expanding mining industry. Oak Flat, however, unlike other parcels, was made exempt from mining in 1955 by an executive order issued by Pres. Dwight Eisenhower and was preserved as part of the Tonto National Forest. December's legislation effectively overturns that executive order.

The Apache now living on the San Carlos Reservation are not traditionally from that specific area. Apache tribes lived in the surrounding mountains, including the area of Oak Flat, before being defeated by the US Calvary and driven onto the Reservation in the late 1800s. The Reservation was originally a prison camp. Oak Flat is one of several sites that was once Apache land but has long since been out of the tribes' control. For countless generations the site has been considered a holy place in their native religion. In addition to it being an ancestral home of the Apache, Oak Flat is also a burial site; a place to gather acorns as part of a traditional fall ritual; and a location for the Sunrise Ceremony, the coming-of-age ceremony for young Apache women, among other traditions.

What makes the Oak Flat mining project especially controversial is the method of mining that will be used, called "block cave mining." At Oak Flat, the copper ore lies more than a mile beneath the surface. In contrast to conventional mining practices, "block cave" essentially digs deep and removes all of the matter from a site - copper ore, earth, waste, etc. - and the top eventually caves in on top of the cavern. This is a far cheaper but far more destructive process. Once the mine is in full operation no one will be permitted to access Oak Flat - not campers, climbers, and hikers; not the Apache who consider it a sacred place. And according to Resolution Copper itself, as the entire surface collapses Oak Flat will eventually be destroyed.

FULL ARTICLE AVAILABLE ON REQUEST

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Apache Spring 01
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
04 Feb 2015

Standing Fox is one of three artists who painted the water tower on the San Carlos Apache Reservation. He explains that the woman depicted is an Apache elder who was born near Oak Flat, and represents the "strong warrior women" of the tribe. The colors used in the mural - white, blue, yellow, and black - are sacred in the Apache Holy Ground religion along with the Four Crosses depicted.

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Apache Spring 02
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
04 Feb 2015

The Apache pump clean water to the nearby mining city of Globe from the fresh water aquifer on the San Carlos Reservation. The Apache fear the Oak Flat copper mining operations will contaminate their clean water, a resource a hard to come by in the region due to drought, past and current mining operations. The mural reads "Save Oak Flat" and "Tú Ba Chnaa," Apache for "Water is Life."

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Apache Spring 03
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
04 Feb 2015

A statue of an Apache Warrior reaches up to the heavens on the grounds of Old San Carlos. The Old San Carlos Reservation was in essence a prison camp for the different Apache tribes, and a few other native tribes in the area. Commonly referred to as "Hells Forty Acres" by U.S. soldiers stationed at the military fort, Old San Carlos was a dangerous, desolate, hot and dry environment that was not hospitable with the Apache way of life.

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Apache Spring 04
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
04 Feb 2015

Former Tribal Chairman and current Tribal Councilmember Wendsler Nosie Sr. has been leading the fight to save Oak Flat for decades. Nosie and other Apache sing traditional prayers in honor of the Four Crosses at the memorial for Old San Carlos as they prepare to transport them to Oak Flat for the occupation. The Four Crosses are located off-camera to the left, but are not allowed to be photographed.

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Apache Spring 05
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
04 Feb 2015

In 2009 Standing Fox, Wendsler Nosie Sr. and several other prominent Apache activists and artists established the memorial to their ancestors on the ground of Old San Carlos. Lead by Rolling Fox, Anthony Matonth Logan, an elder religious practitioner, the activists gather at Old San Carlos to pray before their journey to Oak Flat. This is the first time they've allowed outsiders to photograph their ceremonial Holy Ground songs. Off camera are the tribe's sacred Four Crosses, which we were asked not to photograph.

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Apache Spring 06
San Carlos, Arizona
By upheavalproductions
04 Feb 2015

Apache teens hang out at a youth center and skate park in the town of San Carlos. Unemployment on the Reservation ranges between a staggering 65% and 70%, presenting youth with many challenges as they prepare for an uncertain future. Mining around San Carlos has not lead to any significant employment for the Apache, leading to great skepticism about Resolution Copper's claims of an economic boom resulting from mining Oak Flat.

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Inside Hezbollah (Last version)
Nabatieh
By Cherine Yazbeck
30 Nov 2014

Shot list:
00:00 - 00:05
A wide shot shows a large billboard featuring portraits of Hezbollah fighters killed in Syria, with Hezbollah and Amal flags around it. The writing at the bottom of the billboard reads: “The Martyrs of Holy Defense.”
00:06 – 00:10
A medium shot shows details of the billboard.
00:11 – 00:14
A medium shot shows a billboard featuring Hezbollah’s Secretary-General Sayyid Hassan Nasrallah.
00:15 – 00:47
Interview with Ali Arab, a Hezbollah supporter, man, Arabic/ interview transcript below
A medium shot shows young Hezbollah scouts holding large portraits of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran; Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s Supreme Leader; and Sayyid Abbas al-Mussawi, a Hezbollah Secretary-General assassinated by Israel.
00:48 – 01:15
Various shots show a large number of male Hezbollah supporters wearing uniforms inspired by Ashura and beating their chests as a sign of grief for Imam Hussein.
01:16 – 02:48
Interview with Habib Fayyad, a political analyst affiliated with Hezbollah, man, Arabic / interview transcript below
Archive footage of Hezbollah parade in south Beirut; recent footage of children participating in Ashura commemoration in Nabatieh; archive footage of the Lebanese parliament; recent footage of missile launchers and Hezbollah fighters in military fatigues and as part Ashura parade in Nabatieh
02:49 – 03:37
Interview with participant in Ashura commemoration, man, Arabic/ interview transcript below

03:38 – 04:23
Interview with Habib Fayyad, a political analyst affiliated with Hezbollah, man, Arabic / interview transcript below
Archive footage shows Hezbollah’s leader Hassan Nasrallah and fighters during a parade in south Beirut.

Interviews
00:15 – 00:47
Interview with Ali Arab, a Hezbollah supporter, man, Arabic/ interview transcript below
A medium shot shows young Hezbollah scouts holding large portraits of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran; Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s Supreme Leader; and Sayyid Abbas al-Mussawi, a Hezbollah Secretary-General assassinated by Israel.
“It is normal that we are at risk from different parties and we should be aware of what is happening around us. It is true we are ready on all fronts against all of the Tafkiris [religious extremists], and even against Israel. This parade, particularly in Nabatieh, is a challenge to the Israelis, so they know we are not afraid of them. This is a big Jihad for us.” 01:16 – 02:48 Interview with Habib Fayyad, a political analyst affiliated with Hezbollah, man, Arabic “Hezbollah defines itself as a resistance movement against Israeli occupation and against any danger that may affect Lebanon. It is a resistance movement that is also involved in politics. It is also an Islamic movement, but it does not practice Islam in politics. Hezbollah has an Islamic doctrine, but it does not apply it in the political agenda it advocates in the Lebanese political arena. It [Hezbollah] is also is merged with other active political parties and movements in the Lebanese scene. “Hezbollah’s legitimacy is derived, firstly, from its partisans [its popular support base]; and secondly from the Taif Agreement [agreement ending the Lebanese civil war], which states that Lebanon shall resist Israel in all possible ways. Its legitimacy is also derived from the Lebanese parliament, since Hezbollah has members in it; and from the Lebanese government, of which it is a part. All of the pervious and current governments have clearly recognized the legitimacy of Hezbollah as a pillar of resistance against Israel. However, the most important thing is that its [Hezbollah’s] legitimacy is obvious and logical because, whenever there is an occupation, there is the right of the population to resist the occupation.”

02:49 – 03:37
Interview with participant in Ashura commemoration, man, Arabic
“Of course, Hezbollah is legitimate as it has liberated the South along with other allied parties including the Amal Movement, the Syrian Social National Party (SSNP) and the Communist Party. “All parties have fought [against Israel]. “Hezbollah’s weapons are targeted against innocent civilians and are not to be used in [civilian] neighborhoods. “It never fought in the streets. It is not only me; everybody says that its weapon is the most honest. Without [its weapons], Lebanon would not exist and there would be no one ruling the country, not even a president of the republic. “On the contrary, the weapons must remain in the hands of Hezbollah, in the hands of the resistance. “More than that, it [Hezbollah] should be more powerful. “We need ten times more rockets. It shall remain and we will protect it.”

03:28 – 04:23
Interview with Habib Fayyad, a political analyst affiliated with Hezbollah, man, Arabic
“Hezbollah has qualified and capable leaders in various domains: in politics, in military, social welfare, in security, in culture, in education and in economy. Hezbollah does not have to give a list of its leaders for security reasons, since the enemy, Israel, targets it. It only publishes the names of those who appear in the media. Aside from these [people], Hezbollah does not have to publish the names and tasks of its ranks.”

Hezbollah Fighters Defy ISIS and Israel on Ashura

Giant portraits of Hezbollah fighters killed in Syria tower over the main square in the Lebanese southern city of Nabatieh.
The commemoration of Ashura has taken place every year in this square. It is a tribute to Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Mohammad and a central figure for Shiite Muslims who was killed more than 1,300 years ago. But Hezbollah’s engagement in defending the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has cast a heavy shadow on this religious occasion.
“We are here today to renew our allegiance to Imam Hussein, who died defending Islam, and also to show a good image of Islam, which other organizations, like ISIS, do not show,” said Ahmad Daifi, a Hezbollah militant in his twenties who was participating in organizing the event. The battle against ISIS and other groups that Hezbollah describes as “takfiri” or extremist has spilled into Lebanon. Explosions as well as attacks across the border, believed to be orchestrated by ISIS and Nusra Front, have shaken the fragile country during the past year. “It is normal that we are at risk from different parties and we should be aware of what is happening around us,” said Ali Arab, a Hezbollah supporter. Hezbollah and Amal, another major Shiite party, took special measures to secure the crowds against suicide bombings in Nabatieh and other predominantly Shiite areas in Lebanon during Ashura. In Beirut’s southern suburbs, Hezbollah special forces, fully clad in black, were seen for the time on the streets. But Hezbollah claims that the fight against militant groups originating in Syria has not distracted it from its war with Israel. In a speech commemorating Ashura, Hezbollah’s Secretary-General Sayyid Hassan Nasrallah said that his party is winning the fight in Syria and is also ready to retaliate against any Israeli attack. Hezbollah staged a military parade in front of a large crowd in Nabatieh. Dozens of fighters wearing military fatigues marched behind missile launchers mounted on military trucks. Hezbollah considers missiles the backbone of its arsenal in its fight against Israel, despite a Security Council resolution that put an end to a bloody war with Israel in 2006 and banned the party from stockpiling weapons near the border.
Hezbollah’s opponents, however, say that its ongoing military activities are actually a source of instability, not protection. Sunni and Christian major political forces have repeatedly demanded that the militant group hand over its weapons to the government after Israel withdrew most of its forces from south Lebanon in 2000. The party’s critics have also urged Hezbollah to stop fighting in Syria.
Habib Fayyad, an analyst affiliated with Hezbollah, reiterated the party’s official position in defense of its choice to maintain its weapons.
“Hezbollah’s legitimacy is derived, firstly, from [its popular support base], and secondly from the Taif Agreement [agreement ending the Lebanese civil war], which states that Lebanon shall resist Israel in all possible ways,” Fayyad said. “Its legitimacy is also derived from the Lebanese parliament, since Hezbollah has members in it, and from the Lebanese government, of which it is a part. All of the pervious and current governments have clearly recognized the legitimacy of Hezbollah as a pillar of resistance against Israel,” he added. Hezbollah has had members of the parliament since 1992, when the first elections were organized two years after the end of the 15-year-long civil war. In 2005, Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri was assassinated. The Syrian regime was seen as the culprit behind the attack and Syrian forces withdrew under international and popular pressure. Hezbollah has since participated in government coalitions, which is seen as way to protect its military activities. Four members of Hezbollah were later indicted of Hariri’s killing by an international tribunal, but the party refused to hand them over. Despite a claim that it does use weapons inside Lebanon, Hezbollah fought against the Sunni Future Movement in 2007 when the latter demanded that Hezbollah dismantles its secret telecommunication network. This exacerbated sectarian tensions – Hezbollah was accused of militarily occupying Beirut, a predominantly Sunni city. But Fayyad referred to the Israeli occupation of a small area called Shebaa farms in south Lebanon to say that Hezbollah still has to right to maintain its arsenal. “The most important thing is that [Hezbollah’s] legitimacy is obvious and logical because, whenever there is an occupation, there is the right of the population to resist the occupation,” he said.

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portrait of child worker that working...
Voirob
By zakir hossain chowdhury
30 Nov 2014

Tamanna, age of 11, works in a rice processing factory and earns 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day.

Child workers in rice processing factories work with their mothers as a helping hand.By working from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on a daily basis, child workers earn 50 taka ($0.65 USD) per day. Most of them aged are 8 to 11.Full-time work frequently prevents children from attending school.

According to the Labour Laws of Bangladesh, the minimum legal age for employment is 14. UNICEF estimates that around 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries are involved in child labour.