Tags / conflict
Man sits on Mohammed Mahmoud Street off Cairo's Tahrir Square where Egyptian's gathered to mourn the deaths of 42 people killed last month in demonstrations demanding the generals who took over from Mubarak hand over to civilian rule immediately. Cairo, Egypt. 02/12/2011
Egypt's revolution had acquired a new symbol. Appearing in graffiti around the city the eyepatch has come to represent the sacrifices made in Egypt's struggle since January this year. More than 80 people lost eyes at the hands of Egypt's security forces, now eyepatches have become a sign of respect. Cairo, Egypt. 02/12/2011
Aseel Ara'ra (4) at the Jerusalem Al Maqassed hospital with her Grandmother Samiha. Aseel has been hitted by a bullet while she was playing in Anata, next to a separating wall. The bullet entered her neck smashing the fourth vertebrae of her spine before exiting. Aseel died after 6 months in hospital for breathing complications
Bedouin family from the Mitawish community while the Israeli military forces are demolishing their house
Bedouin family speaking with a UN member after a demolishing operation by the Israeli military forces
Israeli military forces during a demolishing operation at the Mitawish Bedouin community
A bedouin woman from the Mitawish Bedouin community soothing her daughter crying after their house has been demolished
Jaba’a (Ramallah). Fatimah Ka'abneh (80) with her three nephews, after the Israeli military forces demolished her barrack where she used to live with her husband (87) since 16 years, even though they did not received any demolition orders before.
Jaba’a (Ramallah), Fatimah Ka'abneh (80) collecting belongings with her nephew after the Israeli military forces demolished her house where she used to live with her husband Salem Ka'abneh (87) since 16 years
Khan Al Ahmar bedouin community, a broken van
Khan Al Ahmar bedouin community. Nasser (18)
Khan Al Ahmar bedouin community. Nasser (18) putting Mohammad (8) to bed
Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin community. A kid playing with a stick. This area is not connected by electricity or running water and it's located next to the biggest rubbish dump of Jerusalem. People who live there are affected different by health diseases, especially kids, who often use to go and play in the waste disposal.
Nora (11) from the Khan al Ahmar bedouin community on a bus trip, visiting Jerusalem for her first time in her life.
Bedouin woman waiting for a bus next to the Anata Bedouin community
Bedouin community on road 437 between Jerusalem and israeli settlement of Ma'ale Addumim in the E1 Area
Abu Raed, Mokhtar of the Ara'ra bedouin community in his tent
Khan al Ahmar bedouin community. Mohamad (8) laying on a bed normally used for sleeping during hot seasons
Khan Al Ahmar bedouin community. Nidal (10) in his parent's bedroom tent
Hammad (12) at the Wadi Abu Hindi bedouin community. This area is not connected by electricity or running water and it's located next to the biggest rubbish dump of Jerusalem. People who live there are affected by different health diseases, especially kids, who often use to go and play in the waste disposal.
Security wall at the entrance of the Palestinian town of Anata, in the E1 area
Khan al Ahmar bedouin community. Kids playing with a toy gun
A bedouin girl buying medicines from the Palestinian mobile clinic unit in the village of Abu Nwar
Blankets and other personal items lay scattered in front of a destroyed armoured vehicle belonging to forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi at a military airfield in Misrata, Libya, 19 June 2011. According to rebel fighters, now in control of the airfield, the vehicle, along with other military vehicles and aircraft, was destroyed weeks earlier by airstrikes carried out by NATO aircraft. GEORGE HENTON.
A heavily damaged fighter aircraft belonging to forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi at a military airfield in Misrata, Libya, 19 June 2011. According to rebel fighters, now in control of the airfield, the aircraft, along with other military vehicles and aircraft, was destroyed weeks earlier by airstrikes carried out by NATO aircraft. GEORGE HENTON.
New recruits in the Captain katiba (brigade) conduct weapons training in an open area just east of Misrata, Libya, 13 June 2011. Various brigades made up of fighters from different areas and tribes trained their forces at bases surrounding the central Libyan city of Misrata before sending them to the frontlines only a few kilometres away. GEORGE HENTON.
New recruits in the Captain katiba (brigade) conduct manoeuvre training in an open area just east of Misrata, Libya, 13 June 2011. Various brigades made up of fighters from different areas and tribes trained their forces at bases surrounding the central Libyan city of Misrata before sending them to the frontlines only a few kilometres away. GEORGE HENTON.
A volunteer uncovers an anti-personnel mine in a minefield in a large open area just east of Misrata, Libya, 13 June 2011. The field, initially laid to protect artillery pieces belonging to forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi, was discovered by rebels when an unfortunate camel detonated one of the mines. GEORGE HENTON.
The body of a rebel fighter is taken away for burial by his family from Al Hikma hospital in Misrata, Libya, 10 June 2011. Whilst causality numbers were significantly less than they had been during months of urban fighting, a steady trickle of injured and dead continued to be delivered daily to Al HIkma, Misrata's main hospital, from the frontlines just thirty kilometres from the city. GEORGE HENTON.
A woman poses with an assault rifle at her home in Misrata, Libya, 09 June 2011. The house, home to a number of woman and children, was also the workshop of a self proclaimed weapons expert, husband to the pictured woman, making IED's from unexploded munitions which were scattered around the house and its neighbouring buildings. GEORGE HENTON.
A child stands in front of a collection of unexploded mortar shells at a home in Misrata, Libya, 09 June 2011. The house, home to a number of woman and children, was also the workshop of a self proclaimed weapons expert making IED's from unexploded munitions which were scattered around the house and its neighbouring buildings. GEORGE HENTON.
Rebel fighters and technicals (improvised fighting vehicles) make up a section of the frontline at Al Dafniyeh, just to the west of Misrata, Libya, 26 May 2011. Despite pushing forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi out of the city centre, rebel forces made slow progress in the more open and rural areas outside of the city due in part to the dominance of heavy weapons belonging to those forces loyal to Gaddafi and in spite of NATO airstrikes. GEORGE HENTON.
A migrant family from West Africa waits at the port in Benghazi, Libya, for a bus to take them across the border into Egypt, having just disembarked from a boat sailing from the Libyan city of Misrata, 23 May 2011. Thousands of migrant workers and their families have been forced to flee to neighbouring countries as a result of the fighting in Libya. GEORGE HENTON.
The following set of images was taken in May and June of 2011 in the coastal city of Misrata, Libya, three months into the revolutionary civil war which continues to unravel in a still volatile country. I, alongside a number of other journalist, spent a month in the city which, at the time, was surrounded by forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi. Less than a month earlier, those forces were inside the city but rebel forces, supported by NATO aircraft and sea based assets, had managed to push the frontlines to the outskirts of Libya's third largest city. At that time, a thin line of rebels kept those forces at bay.
The only route into the city was via the sea, the routes protected by NATO warships, providing intermittent access to journalist, civilians and fighters alike.
Despite the gains however heavy fighting continued close by and the sounds of artillery, at times unrelenting for upto 12 hours at a time, reverberated throughout the city, a constant daily reminder for the cities population of the still very close and real danger that faced them.
Writing at the time, I remarked that, whilst 'Western interview has played a key role in this conflict' and that 'revolutionary forces would not be in the position they are today without such assistance', the situation during our stay there 'remained, for now, a largely static one with only small skirmishes and back and forth gains. NATO in Libya are a limited force only, with a suffocation mandate and politically sensitive members who are unwilling, or unable, to commit the forces necessary to deliver a definite blot to forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi'. In short, progress or victory for the rebels was in no way guaranteed.
Indeed the only times when civilians in the city, often so generous and kind, would express their anger towards us was when hours of artillery would fall with seemingly little response from NATO and ensuring a steady stream of injured and dead fitters to the cities overworked hospitals.
The images themselves try then to represent, in some small way, that time in the city. The collection includes images of the aftermath of NATO strikes around the city, the constant training of new rebel fighters committed to defending their families and their city and the ongoing fighting on the multiple frontlines with the resulting injuries and death that inevitably followed. Amidst all this were civilians of all races, ages and genders, not only caught up in the middle of the fighting but often a key part of it. Most may not have been on the frontlines, but nobody was immune to the effects of the war.
If nothing else, the fighting brought the city together in a way that residents say they had never seen before, with everybody looking out for everybody else and helping however they could. It was a true war time spirit and was humbling to see.
In the last few days of my own stay in Misrata, at a time where the Gaddafi loyal forces appeared to be pushing forward, not backward, with new artillery strikes on the port threatened the one route of escape and entry, I wrote these cautious but ultimately optimist words would prove in a sense to be true; 'Blue skies over Libya, a country badly damaged but with flickers of potential. If and when Muammar Gaddafi falls, it is unclear what will replace him. Those in the west of Libya are unlikely to listen to those in the east whilst those in the east will not part with their newly found voice easily. Libya will also face foreign powers vying for influence, all with vested interested in the oil rich state. Only time will tell what the Arab Spring will bring to Libya, but, despite significant obstacles, there is now, at the very least, some glimmer of hope'.
Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) include cluster munitions and landmines.
Landmine Action is a British charity working on behalf of the UN to clear the Western Sahara of Landmines and ERWs. They train and employ local Saharawi, both men and women to do the extremely dangerous work.
The Saharawi have been in exile since 1974, which makes it the second longest refugee situation in the world after Palestine. Western Sahara camps are well established camps which feature services such as schools, public transport systems, vehicle re-cycling and health care facilities.
Tifariti is an oasis located in the Liberated Territories. It is home to a hospital, school, mosque and a museum. It is also the home-base of Landmine Action and the UN mission (MINURSO).