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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

The miners have little in the way of protective gear beyond a cloth to cover the nose and mouth.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

Miner loads the heavy rocks of sulphur into baskets and carry them up to the rim of the crater. The miners then carry the baskets, weighing up to 90kg, a further three kilometres to a collection point.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia 21
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

Miner loads the heavy rocks of sulphur into baskets and carry them up to the rim of the crater. The miners then carry the baskets, weighing up to 90kg, a further three kilometres to a collection point.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia 20
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

In the past 40 years, 74 miners have died after being overpowered by fumes that can suddenly swirl from fissures in the rock.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

A miner tries to escape the toxic smoke at Kawah Ijen sulphur mines.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

Many of the miners have no protective clothing. A few have basic masks, most rely on little more than a T-shirt covering their face.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

A miner collects a large pieces of sulphur. Miners break up the cooled sulphur and load up their wicker baskets to be carried out of the crater.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

The life expectancy of the miners is low. Most miners make this journey twice a day. Serious injuries, especially chest and eye problems, are common but these men accept this with resignation. The miner there get paid around €9 per day which is twice better daily income what they could earn on the coffee plantations.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

The miners hack at chunks of sulphur with steel bars, braving extremely dangerous gases and liquids with minimal protection.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

The miners break the cooled sulphur into chunks, and load up their wicker baskets for the 200 metre climb back up out of the crater.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

The poisonous clouds are hydrogen sulphide and sulphur dioxide gases so concentrated they burn the eyes and throat, and can eventually dissolve the miners' teeth.

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Sulfur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia 18
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

A miners breaks off pieces of sulfur with steel bars.It is a work that demands bravery since they are susceptible to extremely dangerous gases and liquids with minimal protection.

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Sulfer Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
19 Jan 2011

Many of the miners have no protective clothing. Few have basic masks, however most rely on a little piece cloth to cover their mouth.

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia 2
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia
By Transterra Editor
19 Jan 2011

In the remote East Java, Indonesia lies the ominous Kawah Ijen volcano, topped with an immense crater and a 200-meter-deep lake of sulfuric acid. It is within this precarious work environment where miners spend their days, hacking chunks of cooled sulfur with steel bars and ferrying up and down the mountain twin basket loads that weigh between 130 and 220 pounds. As they break up sulfur, they are perpetually engulfed in a cloud of smoke. Respiratory issues are rife among the workers because of this, who brave their surroundings with minimal to no protection. There is little pay-off for this sacrifice, as the daily earnings range from a mere $8 - $12. Gloves and gas masks are an unaffordable luxury.

An active vent at the edge of the lake is a source of elemental sulphur, and is what supports the mining operation. Escaping volcanic gases are channelled through a network of ceramic pipes, which causes the condensation of molten sulfur. The sulfur, which is deep red in colour when molten, pours slowly from the ends of these pipes and pools on the ground, turning bright yellow as it cools. It is this sulfur that keeps the miners returning every day despite the danger posed to their health, desperate to make a living.

Photos By: Jeffrey Bright

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Sulphur Mines at Kawah Ijen Indonesia 16
Kawah Ijen, Indonesia.
By Jeffrey Bright
18 Jan 2011

A miner tries to escape the toxic smoke at Kawah Ijen sulphur mines.

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Ilva Taranto, Italy: steel industry, ...
Taranto, south Italy
By Giuseppe Carucci Lightouch International.Inc
07 May 2010

Toxins in Taranto city, is the main cause of tumor's increase (10 percent) on the national value. In the picture:
Ilva Taranto view from the sea

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Ilva Taranto, Italy: steel industry, ...
Taranto, south Italy
By Giuseppe Carucci Lightouch International.Inc
11 Nov 2009

Toxins in Taranto city, is the main cause of tumor's increase (10 percent) on the national value. In the picture:
"Tamburi" district, the nearest to the steel industry.

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Ilva Taranto, Italy: steel industry, ...
Taranto, south Italy
By Giuseppe Carucci Lightouch International.Inc
17 Sep 2009

Toxins in Taranto city, is the main cause of tumor's increase (10 percent) on the national value.

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Chebaa Farms Clashes
Chebaa
By Ramiz Dallah
03 Dec 2004

A shell landed on the radar observatory located on the highest peak of Mount Hermon, at an altitude of 2,000 meters, near the border town of Shaba.
The observatory was targeted by two missiles. The Israeli Observatory monitors all southern regions down to Charqiyeh in Nabatiyeh, and is equipped with the latest monitoring equipment.

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Shebaa Farms clashes
Shebaa
By Ramiz Dallah
03 Dec 2004

A shell landed on the radar observatory located on the highest peak in the Mount Hermon, at an altitude of 2,000 meters, and corresponding to the border town of Shaba
The observatory was targeted by two missiles, the Israeli Observatory monitors all southern regions down to Charqiyeh in Nabatiyeh, and this center equipped with the latest ways monitoring