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Spain's Southern Fortress: The Africa...
Melilla
By tclava
03 Jan 2015

A TEXTLESS NATURAL SOUND REPORT
VERSION WITH MUSIC TRACK AVAILABLE HERE: https://transterramedia.com/media/53117

Surrounded by a triple barrier 12 km long, controlled by dozens of cameras and continuous patrols, a small Spanish enclave in Moroccan territory called Melilla is – according to the Spanish government – a fortress under siege. It is a fortress which in recent years has faced increasing migratory pressure that has reached “unprecedented levels” according to Abdelmalik El Barkani, Madrid’s representative in Melilla.

Hiding in the forests of Oujda, Nador, and Selouane, nearly eighty-thousand migrants, mainly from sub-Saharan countries, are waiting for the right moment to slip across the frontier. Some go by boat or in a secret compartment of a car if they can afford it, but the majority try to jump the barriers surrounding Melilla. Spain and Europe stand silently by while every week hundreds of migrants risk their lives and allegedly face violent reprisals of the Moroccan police who they say beat, torture, rob and kill them. Meanwhile, Morocco is building a new barrier, a three meter deep ditch filled with barbed wire. Part of the 50 million euro project is reportedly funded by money Spain acquired from the EU, an accusation made by Spanish activists and media and never denied by Rajoy’s government.

A few kilometres from these barriers, on the slopes of mount Gurugu, in the forests overlooking Melilla, nearly four thousand migrants are waiting for the right time to jump across into the Spanish enclave and enter the CETI (Centro de Estancia Temporal de Inmigrantes), a collapsing first aid structure with two thousand people already inside. Gurugu seems a circle of Hell, where migrants live in inhuman conditions. In tents made of plastic bags, without water and food, heated only by firewood collected in the bush. Sought out by the Moroccan military, they have to hide like animals in the forest, digging in the garbage to find something to eat, walking miles on slippery rocks to drink. Systematically, every two days or so, at six in the morning, the soldiers break into Gurugu, destroying tents, burning, stealing what little the migrants were able to put aside, beating them and forcing people to jump down from the crags, arresting and bringing the detainees to Rabat.

Tents and Tombstones: Bedouins in Isr...
Al-Araqib
By Vinciane Jacquet
10 Nov 2014

November 12, 2014
al-Araqib, Israel

Al Araqib is one of the 46 Bedouin villages in the Negev desert that the state of Israel refuses to recognize. The residents of the village, both past and present, inherited these lands from their fathers and grandfathers. Harassment from the Israeli Army and vigilanties has become commonplace for the Araqib Bedouin. The harassment dates back to 1948, when a gang of Zionist militants rounded up 14 Bedouin men working in a field in al-Araqib and summarily executed them. Since 1948, homes and properties in al-Araqib have been regularly destroyed and stolen. On July 27th, 2010, the village was totally demolished. Since then, the village has been re-built and destroyed 33 times. However, many residents were unable to stay and moved to the recognized village of Rahat. Those who did choose to stay are confined to the area of the Al-Turi cemetary and have been living under harsh conditions, always scared of an unexpected visit from the soldiers.

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In exile: Iraqi women seek refuge
Bardarash, Dohuk, Rovia, Diyarbakir
By Arianna Pagani
24 Sep 2014

During the days of terror on Mount Sinjar, about 200 women were kidnapped by the militias of the Islamic State to be converted to Islam and sold in the occupied cities of Mosul and Tal Afar. This barbarism is not new to the chronicles of war.

The Islamic State's attack on Mount Sinjar led to the exodus of about 500,000 people, mostly from the Christian, Yazidi and Shabak minorities. These refugees, currently under the protection of the Kurdish militias, are living in the streets, under bridges or in abandoned places in Erbil and surrounding villages. Many of those who manage to escape the conflict have suffered losses in their family that effect them not only economically, but mentally and emotionally. Depression and anxiety in addition to insecurity are a constant challenge.

The UNHCR anticipated there to be over 900,000 internally displaced people in Iraq by the end of 2014. With the rise of ISIS, that number has been more than tripled, with 2.9 million displaced according to International Displacement Monitoring Center. The situation of internally displaced women, not only in Iraq but in conflict zones around the world, is especially precarious as the breakdown in social structures is a risk factor for gender-based violence. In their planning document for 2014, the UNHCR says it is ramping up its efforts to protect refugee and internally displaced women. However, agencies like the UNHCR as well as local associations can only care for and provide aid to so many displaced people, leaving others to fend for themselves.

The condition of the women and children displaced in Iraq is tragic: not only from a material point of view, but also from a psychological and ethical perspective. While talking with them, the elderly were crying because they don't see a future for their land, culture or traditions and were continuously asking, "What did we do wrong to deserve to be killed?" The women were mostly passive, trapped between emotions, tears, the inability to react, “deafened by pain and suffering.” They seemed to understand that as time passes by, the hope of returning to a normal and fair life fades away.

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Otro Cielo (Another Sky) - An Uruguay...
Montevideo
By Francesco Pistilli
22 Sep 2014

Another Sky is a journey into Uruguayan daily life at the time of Pepe Mujica, a documentary work focused on social changes taking place in the country. Looking for answers, I drove over 1300km from the capital Montevideo, to the north (the poorest regions) and to the east, to learn the truth about a people who craves change and hope for a new brighter future.
Another Sky is a road-trip along the utopia, through civil rights, rural culture, African religion and alternative lifestyles.

The country's economy currently is growing stronger, but in the remote countryside an old culture seems untouched by globalization. Almost 100 thousand people, Gauchos, Peones or farmers still share the environment with animals. With three cows per person Uruguay, is one of the biggest "meat-economies" in the world; and 75% of the country's exports are agriculture related.

In Montevideo, where about one-third of the country population lives, you find a place where politics and football dominate discussions and social life.

Uruguay is a place where sailors, European immigrants and African slaves left their stories, their incomprehensible melancholy and their different traditions. Uruguay is a "latin hope" spiced with meat, cerveza, Umbanda (an Afro-Brazilian faith) and Socialism.

Photo collection: http://www.transterramedia.com/collections/2678

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Otro Cielo (Another Sky) - An Uruguay...
Montevideo
By Francesco Pistilli
21 Sep 2014

Another Sky is a journey into Uruguayan dailylife at the time of Pepe Mujica, a documentary work focused on social changes taking place in the country. Looking for answers, I drove over 1300km from the capital Montevideo, to the north (the poorest regions) and to the east, to learn the truth about a people who craves change and hope for a new brighter future.
Another Sky is a road-trip along the utopia, through civil rights, rural culture, african religion and alternative lifestyles.

The country's economy currently is growing stronger, but in the remote countryside an old culture seems untouched by globalization. Almost 100 thousand people, Gauchos, Peones or farmers still share the environment with animals. With three cows per person Uruguay, is one of the biggest "meat-economies" in the world; and 75% of the country's exports are agriculture related.

In Montevideo, where about one-third of the country population lives, you find a place where politics and football dominate discussions and social life.

Uruguay is a place where sailors, European immigrants and African slaves left their stories, their incomprehensible melancholy and their different traditions. Uruguay is a "latin hope" spiced with meat, cerveza, Umbanda (an Afro-Brazilian faith) and Socialism.

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Inside Volcano: A Journey in the Cent...
Reykjavik
By Steven Wassenaar
31 Jul 2014

Iceland: a journey in the center of the Earth

A journey to the centre of the Earth

Who has ever dreamt of exploring the centre of the Earth? In Iceland, this dream

came true. For two years, a team of mountain-climbers and engineers has

designed an open cable lift, which goes down inside volcano 130 meters deep.

Located an hour’s drive from the capital Reykjavik, the Thrihnukagigur is the only

dormant volcano in the world which has an old magma chamber, an

underground pool where the lava used to gush during eruptions (the last known

eruption took place 4,000 years ago), that can be visited. Discovered in 1991 by

the Icelandic spelunker Arni Stefansson, the ground space is equivalent to

almost three full-size basketball courts. The height is such that it would be easily

fit a 40-storey building. When Arni went to the bottom of the volcano for the first

time with a cheap rope and a motorcycle helmet, he never imagined finding such

a treasure, “No one had ever seen a place like this before. The magma chamber

is often referred to as the heart of a volcano. It’s there that the liquid rock waits to

find a way through the surface, causing a volcanic eruption. This volcano is a

rare exception because the magma seems to have disappeared.” Inside the lift,

secured by two cables tied up to the crater, the alighting starts. It is not suitable

for those who suffer from vertigo. After seven minutes, we begin the exploration

inside the bowels of the Earth. We are alone inside the world in a science fiction

setting. On the walls, sculpted by the lava, the yellow, black and red colors look

like Hell. Inside the Thrihnukagigur, the molten rock could reach temperatures

over 1000 degrees. The temperature is now more clement (8 degrees all year

long) but there is neither fauna nor flora, just a mineral chaos with basaltic rocks.

“During the last eruption, we assume that there was a huge landslide that

recovered the chamber and pulled the magma deep in the Earth”, Arni says. Has

the Thrihnukagigur revealed all its secrets? Most probably not. After an hour

visiting the volcano, it’s time to rise to the surface and dream that one day we

can go down deeper.

Islande : un voyage au centre de la Terre

Qui n’a jamais rêvé d’explorer le centre de la Terre ? En Islande, ce rêve est devenu réalité. Depuis deux ans, une équipe d’alpinistes et d’ingénieurs a mis au point un système d’ascenseur, permettant de descendre à l’intérieur d’un volcan. Situé à une heure de route de la capitale Reykjavik, le Thrihnukagigur (qui signifie les trois cratères) est le seul volcan au monde où il est possible de visiter l’ancienne chambre magmatique. Grâce à une nacelle qui descend à 130 mètres de profondeur, i lest aujourd’hui possible d’accéder à l’endroit où se formait la lave il y a 4000 ans, date de la dernière éruption. Découvert en 1974 par Arni Stefansson, un spéléologue amateur, la largeur du site équivaut à trois terrains de basketball et sa hauteur, à un immeuble de 40 étages. Lorsqu’il est descendu au fond du volcan pour la première fois, munit seulement d’une simple corde et d’un casque de moto il y a 40 ans, Arni Stefansson était loin d’imaginer découvrir un tel trésor: “On n’avait jamais rien vu de pareil. La taille de la chambre magmatique était immense. Ceci n’existe nulle part ailleurs sur Terre”, dit-il. A l’intérieur de la nacelle, arrimée par deux filins à l’entrée du cratère, la descente commence. Il ne faut pas avoir le vertige. Un gouffre noir, profond, silencieux, effrayant; voilà la première vision de cette exploration dans les entrailles de la Terre. Après sept minutes de descente, nous foulons enfin le sol volcanique sur lequel personne, auparavant, n’aurait imaginé marcher. Nous voilà seuls au monde dans un décor de science-fiction. Les parois rouges, ocres, jaunes les noirs temoignent de l’enfer qui régnait jadis à l’intérieur du Thrihnukagigur. En fusion, le magma pouvait dépasser les 1000 degrés. La température y est aujourd’hui plus clémente - 8 degrés toute l’année - mais aucune vie n’y subsiste : ni faune ni flore, juste un chaos minéral de roches basaltiques. « Lors de la dernière éruption, on suppose qu’il y eut un gigantesque éboulement qui recouvra la chambre et entraîna le magma dans les profondeurs terrestres », confie Arni Stefansson. Le Thrihnukagigur a-t-il livré tous ses secrets ? Probablement pas. Après une heure d’exploration, il est déjà temps de remonter à la surface et rêver qu’un jour, on puisse descendre encore plus profondément.

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South African Jewish Veteran of IDF R...
By mproductions247
22 Jul 2014

A thoughtful, honest and probing interview with a South African Jewish veteran of the IDF whose mother's family perished in the Holocaust and who served as a tank-driver in the West Bank in the 1970s but quickly came to oppose taking part in military operations in an occupied territory, as he puts it. In the video, he discusses the prospects for peace (one-state solution), the opportunities Israel has to become a leading player in the Middle East outside of the military sphere, and even what Israel could learn from South Africa in terms of reconciliation across racial and other lines.

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Iraq: Qaraqosh's Christians in Limbo
Erbil
By Arianna Pagani
24 Jun 2014

After bombings in Qaraqosh, the Iraqi government has decided to evacuate the entire town. About 5,000 families have taken refuge in the city of Erbil, where schools and sports centers have been made available by local volunteers and aid organizations.

A major city for Christians in Iraq, Qaraqosh fell to ISIS shortly after the latter's conquest of Mosul. Residents of Qaraqosh were reportedly terrorized by ISIS, who took Sharia law into their own hands, lashing one man for selling cigarettes, and killing several women found guilty of adultery. The city later suffered heavy bombardment during fighting between ISIS fighters and the Kurdish Peshmerga forces.

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Big Questions
Chicago
By Patricia Werhane
19 Jun 2014

What is Big Questions?
It's a show about how people are changing the world, one idea at time. Each episode takes you inside issues that aren't ordinarily covered by the media. We want to bring you touching stories of people in need, and challenge you to get involved in creating a different future for the world. This is not reality television. It is a television show about reality.

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Iranian Soccer Fever
By Nicola Zolin
18 Jun 2014

February-April, 2014
Iran

While Iran usually known for nuclear politics and religious radicalism, it is also known for soccer. Iran is ranked as the best team in Asia and is participating in this year's World Cup in Brazil. For country as culturally and socially diverse as Iran, soccer is unifying force and the passion for the sport permeates every corner of society.

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The Wedding Dress Tailor of Cairo
Cairo, Egypt
By jmontasir
02 Jun 2014

Madame Zeinab is a feisty, 60 year-old tailor who operates a small workshop in Cairo making wedding dresses. As she pieces together the fabric, she reflects on her own love life –and how the dream of marriage is getting harder for many Egyptians to achieve.

Length 3.10 minutes
Location Cairo, Egypt
Film by Jenny Montasir
Prod. Assistant Ghada Fikri
Music C. Filipe Alves

SHOT LIST:

1 WS Giza street from above
2 MS Fruit sellers working
3 WS Busy street with traffic
4 WS Omraneya commercial street
5 MS Exterior sewing shop
6 MS Madame Zeinab entering workshop
7 CS Madame Zeinab hands moving white fabric on work desk
8 TC Madame Zeinab explains workday
9 CS Madame Zeinab hands draws and measures around dress pattern
10 CS Sewing machine
11 CS Sewing needle and hands moving fabric
12 CS Madame Zeinab eyes
13 MS Religious texts on wall
14 CS Black and white thread spools
15 MS Madame Zeinab stretches at sewing table
16 MS Crowded workroom, ironing board
17 CU Scissors and rhinestone trim
18 WS Madame Zeinab at sewing table with wedding dress
19 CU Madame Zeinab hand-sewing rhinestones to collar
20 MS Madame Zeinab flipping through notebook with sketches, speaking to off-camera customers
21 WS Madame Zeinab speaking with two female customers
22 TC Madame Zeinab jokes about why customers want to have their own wedding dress
23 WS Giza neighborhood from above
24 WS Omraneya street, teenage boy walking with baby
25 CU Photo of married couple in shop window
26 MS Wedding dress in shop window, traffic moving in reflection
27 MS Older man in street counts money at shop entrance
28 CU Exterior wedding tent
29 MS Children inside wedding tent
30 WS Bride and groom climb onto elevated platform
31 WS Seated women clapping
32 MS Young girl twirls bouquet, pan to seated bride
33 CS Twinkling lights strung in tent
34 CS Young man hypes crowd on microphone, other young man dances alongside him
35 MS Young men dancing frenetically in crowd
36 MS Bride and groom dance in a circle of guests
37 WS Giza street evening
38 MS Madame Zeinab discusses wedding dress design with her daughter
39 CS Notebook and ruler on workdesk
40 WS Madame Zeinab arranging white fabric on work desk
41 MS Madame Zeinab hobbles into break room
42 CS Colorful spools of thread
43 MS Madame Zeinab drinking tea
44 WS Daughter watching political rally on TV
45 CU Daughter's looking up toward TV
46 TC Madame Zeinab on hope for future
47 MS Madame Zeinab working on dress, reflected in mirror
48 MS Madame Zeinab at sewing table with white fabric, makes joke about getting married

SHOT LIST - Rough Version
1 WS Giza street from above
2 MS Fruit sellers working
3 WS Busy street with traffic
4 WS Omraneya commercial street
5 MS Exterior sewing shop
6 MS Madame Zeinab entering workshop
7 CS Madame Zeinab hands moving white fabric on work desk
8 CS Madame Zeinab hands draws and measures around dress pattern
9 CS Sewing machine
10 CS Sewing needle and hands moving fabric
11 CS Madame Zeinab eyes
12 MS Religious texts on wall
13 CS Black and white thread spools
14 MS Madame Zeinab stretches at sewing table
15 MS Crowded workroom, ironing board
16 CU Scissors and rhinestone trim
17 WS Madame Zeinab at sewing table with wedding dress
18 CU Madame Zeinab hand-sewing rhinestones to collar
19 MS Madame Zeinab flipping through notebook with sketches, speaking to off-camera customers
20 WS Madame Zeinab speaking with two female customers
21 WS Giza neighborhood from above
22 WS Omraneya street, teenage boy walking with baby
23 CU Photo of married couple in shop window
24 MS Wedding dress in shop window, traffic moving in reflection
25 MS Older man in street counts money at shop entrance
26 CU Exterior wedding tent
27 MS Children inside wedding tent
28 WS Bride and groom climb onto elevated platform
29 WS Seated women clapping
30 MS Young girl twirls bouquet, pan to seated bride
31 CS Twinkling lights strung in tent
32 CS Young man hypes crowd on microphone, other young man dances alongside him
33 MS Young men dancing frenetically in crowd
34 MS Bride and groom dance in a circle of guests
35 WS Giza street evening
36 MS Madame Zeinab discusses wedding dress design with her daughter
37 CS Notebook and ruler on work desk
38 WS Madame Zeinab arranging white fabric on work desk
39 MS Madame Zeinab hobbles into break room
40 CS Colorful spools of thread
41 MS Madame Zeinab drinking tea
42 WS Daughter watching political rally on TV
43 CU Daughter's looking up toward TV
44 MS Madame Zeinab working on dress, reflected in mirror
45 TC Madame Zeinab explains workday
46 TC Madame Zeinab jokes about why customers want to have their own wedding dress
47 TC Madame Zeinab on hope for future
48 MS Madame Zeinab at sewing table with white fabric, makes joke about getting married

SCRIPT
01:00:12:19-01:00:15:13
My name is Madame Zeinab.
01:00:15:22-01:00:18:22
I have a shop called Al-Karawan in Omraneya.
01:00:19:13-01:00:22:14
We can sew anything.
01:00:25:06-01:00:29:11
I'm here by 10am and I don't go home until 12 at night.
01:00:32:03-01:00:35:16
I stand and cut.
I sit at the machine, and I iron.
01:00:35:17-01:00:37:17
I do everything by myself.
01:00:41:01-01:00:43:06
I got a sewing machine for my engagement
01:00:43:07-01:00:45:17
so I could help my husband and work.
01:00:47:08-01:00:49:20
He was a primary school teacher in Al-Azhar.
01:00:51:02-01:00:52:17
I have five children,
01:00:52:18-01:00:55:18
and their father has been dead for 30 years.
01:00:59:22-01:01:02:03
Nowadays most people just rent.
01:01:02:10-01:01:05:22
It's hard for a woman to buy when
she can barely afford to get married.
01:01:05:23-01:01:09:18
She can't afford the furnishings.
So why would she buy a dress for 3000 pounds?
01:01:14:20-01:01:16:19
A lot of people say, 'I want to tailor my own dress
01:01:16:20-01:01:19:04
to have as a memory in my wardrobe.'
01:01:19:05-01:01:22:17
Whenever she sees it
she'll remember her wedding day.
01:01:22:18-01:01:24:14
Whatever marital problems happen afterward,
01:01:24:15-01:01:26:17
when she sees the dress, she'll calm down.
01:01:29:07-01:01:33:10
I got married in a time when
people married at 18 years old.
01:01:35:13-01:01:37:22
Of course marriage was much easier back then.
01:01:37:23-01:01:42:05
Life was cheap and things weren't
as scarce as they are now.
01:01:51:20-01:01:54:21
A woman can't stay unmarried.
01:01:54:22-01:01:56:18
If she doesn't get married,
what will people say?
01:01:56:19-01:01:59:20
It's even better to get married and get divorced.
01:01:59:21-01:02:03:03
Then at least she can say, 'Yes, I got married.
But I have bad luck.'
01:02:24:14-01:02:26:16
I have a daughter who's a teacher,
01:02:26:17-01:02:29:04
and I have Ahmed who has a bachelor in commerce.
01:02:29:05-01:02:32:22
Osama has a diploma, and Mohamed
has a bachelor in commerce, too.
01:02:32:23-01:02:36:19
But because there's no work, one of them is
a taxi driver and the others do whatever.
01:02:39:23-01:02:36:18
[On radio] The Egyptian Revolution of January 25th, 01:02:39:22-01:02:42:09
the greatest achievement of which was...
01:02:43:09-01:02:45:03
Because of the conditions of the country,
01:02:45:04-01:02:47:13
the youth can't find apartments.
There's no place to live.
01:02:47:14-01:02:50:01
This is what's stopping life.
01:02:50:02-01:02:54:15
Our hope is that this changes
so that the country gets better.
01:02:54:16-01:02:56:08
Enough with the destruction.
01:02:59:19-01:03:02:09
I'm 60 years old and I want to get married.
01:03:04:12-01:03:06:18
I want to get married.

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FDLR Surrenders Its Weapons
Beleusa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
By Gaïus Kowene
29 May 2014

The Rwandan Hutu rebel group that has been battling the government in Kigali for the past twenty years has taken what it says is the first step in disarming its fighters and starting a political fight instead.
At a ceremony on Friday May 30 at Buleusa in North Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo more than 100 fighters of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, FDLR, surrendered and handed in their weapons.
But the FDLR warned that continuing the process of peace depends upon the government of Rwandan President Paul Kagame agreeing to talks.
The leader of the rebel group General Victor Byiringiro said “We call up on the International community to help us get an open dialogue with the Rwandan Government”.
The Hutu led FDLR is made up of former Rwandan Army soldiers and Hutu militia who fled the country after the 1994 genocide and found refuge in Congo.
Lieutenant Colonel, Omari Ujani, representative of the SADC, Southern African Development Community promised surrendering combatants and their dependents security. He announced the creation of a joint commission to make sure their demobilization process is effective. Omari also assured them of SADC diplomatic support for their political reintegration in Rwanda. “As you freely decided to lay down your guns, we don’t want you to go back in jungle disturbing locals’ peace”, he said.
The surrendering combatants will wait in a transit camp in Kanyabayonga, a village near Congo's Virunga National Park, before being relocated in Equateur province.

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Brewing for Peace
By nadineajaka
27 May 2014

Nehmeh Mikhael, Taybeh Resident (Arabic)
David Khoury, former Taybeh Mayor (English)
Nadim Khoury, Co-Founder Taybeh Brewing Co. (English)
Maria Khoury, Public Relations Taybeh Brewing Co. (English)
Madees Khoury, Assistant Brewer and daughter of Nadim Khoury (English)

INTRODUCTION
In the small village of Taybeh (population: 1,500)—the last remaining fully Christian village in the West Bank—is Palestine’s first and only microbrewery. The brewery’s story began with the promise of peace and the Oslo Accords, when Nadim Khoury and his family returned to Taybeh in 1995 after 30 years in Boston. Nearly 20 years later, the obstacles to running a successful business in Palestine have not ceased. Last year, the brewery's annual Oktoberfest was canceled and forced to relocate to a smaller location outside of a Ramallah hotel, and precarious border regulations and regional instability continue to be an obstacle. Yet, the Khoury family has created a distinctly Palestinian microbrew that they sell in the West Bank and export to Israel, Japan and Sweden. This is the story of one small town and how its microbrewery is putting a different face on resistance.

SHOT LIST
-Interview with Nehmeh Mikhael, Taybeh resident for over 80 years: “Before I begin, I must pray. In the name of the father and the son, and the holy spirit, Amen.”

-Close-up of Nehmeh’s face

-Nehmeh Mikhael: “God is who guides us and gives us good thoughts so we can speak”

-Various shots of St. George Orthodox Church in Taybeh

-Nehmeh Mikhael: “Jesus Christ, he had friends here in Taybeh. He came to Taybeh and stayed three days. He enjoyed himself. But I wish we could know the exact place where He was. Until now, I think and say, ‘God, guide me.’”

-Shot of St. George Orthodox Church, bells ringing

-Various shots of church ruins in Taybeh

-Interview with David Khoury, former Taybeh mayor: “Taybeh is ancient city, it was mentioned in the Bible by the name of Ephraim.”

-Close-up of David’s face

-David Khoury: “And it’s the only remaining Christian city in the West Bank.”

-Shot of St. George Church

-Interview with Nadim Khoury, co-founder of Taybeh Brewing Company: “Did they explain to you where you are? This is a settlement called Amona, right across from the brewery you can see it on the mountain there.”

-Shot from Taybeh overlooking the surrounding countryside

-Nadim Khoury: “And that way toward Ramallah, and more to the left toward Jerusalem. So we are in a good location where you are.”

-Various shots of flowers around the brewery

-Nadim Khoury: “It’s a beautiful village. I love it, it’s my homeland.”

-Various shots of church ruins in Taybeh

-Nadim Khoury: “Many people of Taybeh have left Taybeh because of the occupation, because of the wars.”

-Nehmeh Mikhael: “ ‘48 there was a war, I remember. ’63 there was a war, ’67 there was a war. It was all wars, this last century. Not just in Taybeh—all of Palestine.”

-Shots of signs entering the West Bank, the separation wall.

-David Khoury: “afterwards we had Oslo which was inspiring, you know were thinking about free, independent Palestine. So we were the first to take the plane and come back and invest in Palestine by opening the Taybeh brewing company, the only brewery in Palestine.”

-Various shots inside the brewery of the bottling process

-Interview with Maria Khoury, Public Relations for Taybeh Brewing Company and wife of David Khoury: “Taybeh beer is the finest micro-brewed beer in the Middle East and it’s the first micro-brewed beer in the Middle East”

-Close-up of Maria’s face

-Maria Khoury: “The brewery began on a dream, a father that wants his children not to stay abroad “

-Shots of Nadim and David Khoury with their father

-Maria Khoury: “It’s the dream of every father to have his children come back and be with him. So David Khoury, my husband, and Nadim Khoury my brother in law, were just obedient good children.”

-Shots of newspaper clippings about Taybeh

-Various shots of bottles, hops

-Nadim Khoury: “Well it started as a hobby when I was in Boston as a student, I get hooked with some friends that were brewing beer at home

-Shots of newspaper clippings about Taybeh

-Nadim Khoury: “And my father encouraged me very much to go ahead and study brewing. I used to come here with two home brew kit and make beer for them at home. And they would believe it’s magic—how could you make beer at home (laughs)?”

-Various shots of the brewing, bottling, and packaging process

-Madees Khoury, Assistant Brewer and daughter of Nadim Khoury: “Doing business in Palestine is not easy. Also being a beer company in Palestine, doing business is not easy. And then being a beer company, doing business in Palestine under occupation is even worse.

-Close-up of Madees’ face

-Madees Khoury: “I’m learning to basically to do everything in the brewery and becoming the first female, Palestinian female brewer.”

-Various shots of Madees brewing Taybeh beer

-Madees Khoury: “It’s a lot of work, it’s a lot of work. But my father and uncle and my grandfather, they put everything in the business you know and it helps me to do the same, follow their footsteps.”

-Shot of Madees packaging the bottles

-Shot of broken shards of bottle next to the machine

-Nadim Khoury: “Running a business in Palestine is not like running any business anywhere in the world, because we’re in the end of nowhere here. There is no borders, no port, no airport, you have to use other borders, we have to apply for permits”

-Shot of the West Bank countryside from the brewery

-Shot of a sign with West Bank commercial crossing points

-Shot of a Taybeh poster that says “Drink Palestinian”

-Shot of beer barrels being loaded into the truck

-Madees Khoury: “It’s like exporting two times. Exporting to Israel, and from Israel exporting to the country that you’re exporting to,”

-Shot of empty Taybeh boxes ready to be packed

-Maria Khoury: “You go the Israeli minister of economy they say ‘well but you’re Palestinian go to your Palestinian minister of economy’ you go to the Palestinian minister of economy they say “oh but we don’t control anything, the Israelis control the border”. So it’s like you’re passing the bucket and no one can help you, and you really just want to do business.”

-Shot of Madees calculating shipments

-Shot of the brewing company guestbook

-Shot of an employee rolling boxes of beer on a cart

-Nadim Khoury: “It’s not easy. Politics and making beer, they don’t mix, in our region here”

-Madees Khoury: "What happened in Egypt, what’s happening in Syria right now, it’s all affecting tourism. And that affects business, not just our business but all the Palestinian businesses as well.”

-Shot of an employee stacking boxes of Taybeh beer

-Shot of beer being boxed

-Madees Khoury: “What have I learned? That you have to be very determined, you need high hopes, you need to be aggressive (laughs). “

-Shot of Madees taking notes about today’s brew

-Shot of an employee putting stickers on bottles one by one

-Nadim Khoury: “You can make a book out of the obstacles that we have. But I’m determined to produce good quality product and to stay in business, and to show the whole world that we’re normal people.”

-Shot of an employee loading bottles onto the belt

-Maria Khoury: “You know I think we’re making beer but it’s a bigger message than that, because the message is that we just want to be normal people. All Palestinians. And we want the regular things that all people around the world have.”

-Shot of the village of Taybeh

-Madees Khoury: “Palestinians want to live a normal life like anywhere else in the world, like just go to school, make money, drink beer, go to parties, you know, have fun live life, love life."

-Nadim Khoury: “Peace will come. We have the right to live.”

-Shot of a Taybeh school bus driving away

-Nadim Khoury: “We’d like to have our country, and some day we will have it. Maybe by the Taybeh beer. “

-Shot of inside the brewery, signs and Palestinian flags

-Maria Khoury: “That’s what we hope for and that’s what we’re waiting for and my husband keeps seeing the light at the end of the tunnel because he thinks really, we will toast to peace using Taybeh beer and that makes you wake up every day and try to do a good job at making a good product.”

-Shot of Maria talking to brewery guests, a glass of beer in focus in front of her; shot of the tourist she is talking to

-Shots of bottles going down the belt

-David Khoury: “I hope to continue growing, God gives us health, I’m wishing that my children will come back and continue the legacy of the Taybeh beer in Palestine.

-Madees Khoury: “Cheers. (laughs)”

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Startup Turns Fishing Nets Into Skate...
Santiago, Chile
By Zachary F. Volkert
23 May 2014

TOPLINE: Ben Kneppers is giving waste wheels with the Bureo Skateboards project – recycling used fishing nets from along the Chilean coast and turning them into skateboards and, in the future, a slew of other products.

When Ben Kneppers arrived to Chile in 2012 two things struck him: the country’s rapid economic development was making it a goldmine for entrepreneurs, and that its 2,000-mile coastline was being marred by pollution.

Discarded fishing nets drifting in the ocean ensnare animals all of over the world – which is no exception in the nation’s robust fishing industry.

“In my visits to coastal communities early on I was really struck by how little there was to manage [fishing net pollution],” Kneppers said. “But we thought, ‘What if there was a system to prevent the pollution, but also upcycle it into funds, so that we would be able to get back to these communities [to collect more nets].”

Shortly after, Knepper’s company Bureo – taken from the native Mapuche population’s word for wave – received a $40,000 grant from local incubator program Start-Up Chile.

When Kneppers first started the project with his two partners – David Strover and Kevin Ahearn – the three were looked on a bit suspiciously by the fisherman, who dubbed them “Los Tres Gringos Locos” – the three crazy white guys.

“When we first came there I honestly don’t think the fisherman believed or understood, in our poor Spanish, exactly what we were doing,” Knepper said. “They were like, ‘Why are they scrubbing our trash, what is this?’”

“Scrubbing their trash” meant stripping down the used nets with brushes before sending them to being “shredded, pelletized and injected”, says Knepper, until they become plastic material that the skateboards are made out of.

After showing the fisherman video of the process as well as the final product, the community became much more receptive to the idea – bins to collect the nets are always full now and the recycled nets travel back to Santiago on the same trucks the fishermen use.

“We’re turning off the faucet, rather than wiping up the mess of water around the room,” he said. “It’s much more efficient and effective way to approach – this we work directly with the fishing communities, where they’re using the nets … and collecting them right at the source.”

Since launching in Coquímbo in January earlier this year, the company has used more than 2 tons of recycled fishing nets to make their own line of environmentally friendly skateboards. Next week they land in Chilean port city Concepción, where the industry is larger than their current total operation.

“Seventy large scale artisanal boats and several commercial fishing companies,” Kneppers said. “We estimate they are turning well-over 500 tons of nets a year.”

After an endorsement from American musician Jack Johnson as well as support from companies like Patagonia and program assistants the World Wildlife Federation, the company recently brought in $65,000 in a Kickstarter campaign – three times their original goal. It’s the kind of funding that the group hopes to use to expand beyond their initial gimmick – the create products from the material that millions of people use daily.

After making appearances on local TV stations, Knepper jokes that he had received 100s of Facebook requests from young Chileans interested in the project. While at a local skate park a boy rolls over to chat with him about the project – word is spreading about the gringos who recycle the nets into skateboards.

“Just as a wave starts with this small change on the surface of the ocean , we’re starting with a small change in an ocean of plastic,” Knepper said. “Yes, we’re 3 gringos on the ground making this little impact now, but if we can make that build up with time and energy we could making more and more products – that’s what we really believe in.”

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I Am Not Scared of Night
Nepal
By Martushka Fromeast
14 May 2014

Shyabrubesi is a small village situated in the Nepali Himalaya, only 13 km away from the Chinese border. The village is the starting point for the popular Langtang trek. During high season, hundreds of tourists from all over the world pass through the village. However, the village’s shamanistic heritage is a well kept secret. Rituals mostly take place at nights and in private spaces. Shamans perform special healing procedures known as pujas, to keep bad spirits away. During the Janai Purnima holiday, about 1000 local villagers and shamans go for a traditional pilgrimage. In these local communities, shamans are respected leaders.

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BENEDICT DASWA
South Africa
By Frank
09 May 2014

Benedict Daswa, a devout Roman Catholic from rural Limpopo Province, South Africa, is set to become South Africa's first saint. The church, in the diocese of Tzaneen, lead by Bishop Joao Rodriguez is finalizing the process that could see Benedict Daswa beatified and then canonized for his martyrdom.

Daswa, was fourtysix at the time he was murdered in 1990, by an angry mob of villagers, for refusing to partecipate in hiring a withcdoctor, which He himself strongly refused to believe in that practice, to sniff out those they believed were responsibile for lighting strikes in the area.

" The Cause of Benedict Daswa is martyrdom, we believe he was kill in hatred of the Faith which he publicly and privately professed" Says Bishop Rodriguez.

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Swimmers Without Borders
By Javier Triana
07 May 2014

Brian Onyoo is a swimming instructor at Nairobi's exclusive Impala Club, where he teaches children how to swim and overcome their fear of water. “In Nairobi, most people run away when they see water”, he jokes. Brian Onyoo comes from the Kibera slum. He was born in Nyanza, on the shores of Lake Victoria, where flooding is common. According to him, most people living in his slum don’t know how to swim because they cannot afford paying for lessons.

The hourly rate for swimming lessons at the Impala Club is 200 Kenyan Shillings ($2,29 US). “Very few people can afford that. To be honest, if you live in the slums and you have that money, you don't spend it on learning to how swim. You buy flour, tomatoes or cooking oil. With 400 KSH you can buy food for a whole week”, he says, explaining that most of his students come from wealthy families.

While the participation of Eric Moussambani from Equatorial Guinea in the men's 100 meters freestyle swimming at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games made many laugh – the man had learned how to swim only a few months before the competition and recorded the worst time in the history of the sport, it highlighted one of Africa’s untold tragedies: the fact that many people don’t know how to swim and often die drowning.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Africa has the highest rate of drowning deaths in the world. The problem is so serious that the Kenyan Red Cross launched programs to teach people living in risky areas (such as fishermen) basic water survival skills. “A lot of people die because they don't know how to swim. People in the countryside are not used to it, it's simply not a part of their lives. It is seen as a type of luxury. Swimming is something the elite can do, because they can send their children to a school with a swimming pool”, Secretary General of the Kenyan Red Cross Abbas Gullet, explains.

In Africa, the fear of water has even been used as a weapon of war. During the 1994 Rwanda genocide, Hutu militants would order Tutsis to jump in the water as an alternative to being hacked to death with machetes.

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On the Other Bank
By Javier Triana
05 May 2014

Typhoon Haiyan washed the Libutars house away half a year ago now. They lived by a river, and they had to resettle to the other bank - under a bridge. Having lost everything, it's the most affordable roof they found. Meanwhile they are trying to save money, only to rebuild their house using the same plot and the same materials.

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Typhoon Haiyan Six Months Later: Diff...
Philippines
By Javier Triana
04 May 2014

Six months after Typhoon Haiyan, which killed 6000 people and left more than one million homeless in the Philippines, the country is slowly recovering.

The 17 members of the Homerez family from the island of Leyte lost everything in the tragedy. The island was the most affected area with 3,000 dead recorded. They were able to survive thanks to the rice they found on a boat that had washed ashore near their house. In the last six months they have been struggling to rebuild their houses and overcome the death of the father.

The Libutar family wasn't as lucky as the Homerez. Their house was washed away by the typhoon. They now live under a bridge by the river. Meanwhile they are trying to save money to rebuild their makeshift house. The aid they get from NGOs is not enough to neither build a concrete house nor buy another plot in a safer area.

Authorities are trying to move people who lost their homes into longer term and more durable housing. About 500 000 people are living in areas where their is a high risk of natural disasters. According to the mayor of Tacloban, 65 000 to 75 000 people are waiting to be relocated to safer areas.

490.000 houses were destroyed by the typhoon on Leyte, and more than 200 000 families haven’t received enough aid to build a safe and durable home.

Journalist Javier Triana will interview the breadwinners of both families, NGO officials and the Mayor of Tacloban about the country's recovery.

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Iraq - Kawrgosk Refugee Camp
Erbil, Iraq
By Victor Point
02 May 2014

Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, around 210 000 refugees, mostly Kurdish, have found refuge in Iraqi kurdistan. The Kawrgosk camp is one of the eight camps of the region and the closest to the capital, Erbil. It opened in August 2013, after the border with Syria re-opened. Today, the camp hosts around 12,000 people, packed in 1,800 tents. The majority of them are from Qamishli in Syria.

Facilities and medicine are scarce. Funding also remains an issue for the NGOs working in the camp. Refugees who want to work outside the camp need a permit from the Iraqi authorities and have to go through long administrative procedures to obtain one. Those who are able to get a work permit are only allowed to do manual jobs. The money they earn allows them to buy items they don't received through humanitarian aid from the Kurdish government and the NGOs.

Children make half of the camp population. Only those above seven can attend school, as there are no classes for the youngest. Teachers are refugees also living in the camp. However, school is not mandatory and many children don't attend.

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Egyptian Leather Tanners
Egypt
By Mai Shaheen
02 May 2014

Thousands of workers in Cairo’s leather tanneries interact with dangerous chemicals that pose significant health risks. The Egyptian industry fails to provide them with adequate gear that protect them respiratory and intestinal diseases from prolonged exposure to chromium and other harmful substances. Many of the subjects are family members who have followed the professions of their parents and grandparents in Cairo.
This photo essay provides an intimate look at the filthy, poor conditions under which they work in the industrial area behind the Magra A-Oyoun wall in South Cairo, which dates to the Sultan Salah Al-Din Al-Ayubi, the founder of Ayyubid Egypt, in 1169.

There are hundreds of tanneries behind the Magra Al-Oyoun wall in south Cairo, built by Sultan Salah Al-Din Al-Ayubi, the founder of Ayyubid Egypt in 1169. Two industries coexist in the tanneries of Cairo: the production of gelatin and leather, both from the treatment of animal skins. The tanneries have been around for hundreds of years. over 500 tanneries, 160 glue factories and 350 service shops stocking chemicals, carpenters, dyes and paints are located behind the Magra Al-Oyoun wall in south Cairo. More than 20,000 workers toil in the tanneries, mostly in jobs inherited from their parents and grandparents.

Workers in the tanneries including:
Zenhom, his son Ahmed, his brother Ali and his uncle. The family members have lived there for their entire lives, and inherited the jobs from parents and grandparents. Zenhom carries the timber that the leather hangs from as it dries in the sun. His son Ahmed removes the staples from the leather after its dried. Ragab and Jamal haul bails of leather after tanning.

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Clowns In Syrian camps, a smile for ...
Erbil
By Younes Mohammad
28 Apr 2014

April, 2014
Iraqi-Kurdistan

Three clowns from Belgium entertain Syrian children in refugee camps in Iraqi-Kurdistan. The clowns belong to Clowns Without Borders, an NGO that seeks to bring moments of happiness to refugee children across the world through clown performances.

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Azraq Camp
By hamzaeqab
27 Apr 2014

The Azraq Refugee Camp in Jordan, Jordan 's third camp, is scheduled to open at the end of April 2014. It has been created to take some of the pressure off the country’s main Zaatari camp and host communities.

The camp located some 100km east of Amman near the eponymous town in the Zarqa Governorate, will host up to 130 000 refugees. It will contain more than 5000 semi-permanent shelters, roads, schools and a hospital.

Jordan is hosting approximately one million refugees. About 600 Syrians cross into the country every day according to the United Nations.

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Venezuela : the "Alcatraz" rugby team
Maracay, Venezuela
By RECHT Simon
26 Apr 2014

Alcatraz is not only the name of a former US prison. It is also a bird that has become the emblem of a very particular Venezuelan rugby team.

The story begins in Revenga, a city of 50,000 inhabitants, one hour thirty minutes from Caracas, Venezuela’s capital and 2nd most violent city in the world. Ten years ago, the owner of the biggest rum distillery in the country, Alberto Voller, made a pact with four wrongdoers who broke into his weapons stockroom and, being surprised by the proprietor, were asked to choose between two penalties: rugby or prison. In a country where prisons are among the most violent in the world, the young guys did not think twice. They got a job, a team shirt and peace. Besides their friends they invited the members of the rival gang to play with them as a way to avoid score-settlings. With 200 players in social reintegration, many of them holding the burden of murder on their conscience, the “Alcatraz Project” club has become the biggest in Venezuela and one the best of its kind. The Alcatraz players are revolutionizing the elitist perception of rugby in the world. They are poor, black, and slim and they practice dodge rugby, whereas almost all the other rugby players in Venezuela are wealthy, white, doped with steroids and passionate about violent contacts. The Alcatraz players are learning from sport and sport is learning from them.

Conceived by Alberto Voller following the success of the first group of wrongdoers, “Alcatraz Project” consist of three phases: 3 months in the mountains and in complete isolation where they follow a therapy of playing rugby and working on the coffee plantations. Then they go for 7 months to the rum distillery where they continue a therapy of playing rugby and doing community work. After 7 months, they are transferred to one of Santa Teresa Group’s enterprises, which mark the the end of their reintegration.

The “Alcatraz Project” is an example of social and economic success in Venezuela, a country where beautiful stories are scarce. It inspires and gives hope to the whole country.
The contributor will propose to follow the paths of some of this guys saved by work and sport.

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Big Questions - Poverty is a System
Tanzania
By Patricia Werhane
24 Apr 2014

Go to Tanzania to see how health care and education are being used to deal with major illnesses in rural communities. We discuss the importance of how businesses and NGOs do work while looking at a leper colony and a project using communication to prevent malaria. Does a pharmaceutical company have a greater responsibility to people than other businesses?

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Matriarchal Societies Around The Worl...
Meghalaya, India
By Nadia Ferroukhi
24 Apr 2014

Khasis and Jaintias
Situated in northeast India, Meghalaya is different from the other states. In this region, at the feet of the Himalaya, the tribes Khasis and Jaintias have for over 2000 years, immortalized a matrilineal tradition contrary to the patriarchal models known in a large part of the world and in the rest of India. Unique heiresses of the family’s’ heritage, the women detain the wealth, pass on their name on to the children and make the decisions of the couple. Men enjoy no inheritance and often depend on their wife for material questions. They have no authority on their children whose educational responsibility returns to the maternal uncle. By reaction, a man’s association was created in 2000. They ask for gender equality, a bigger role for them in the family unit and equal property rights for a male child.

les Khasis et Jaintias
Situé au nord-est de l’Inde, le Meghalaya, n’est pas un état comme les autres. Dans cette région nichée au pied de l’Himalaya, les tribus Khasis et Jaintias perpétuent depuis plus de 2 000 ans une tradition matrilinéaire à l’opposé des modèles patriarcaux du reste du monde, en particulier du reste de l’Inde. Uniques héritières du patrimoine familial, les femmes détiennent les richesses, transmettent leur nom aux enfants et prennent les décisions du couple. À l’inverse, les hommes ne jouissent d’aucun droit de succession et dépendent souvent de leur épouse pour les questions matérielles. Ils n’ont aucune autorité sur leurs enfants dont la charge éducatif revient à l’oncle maternel. Par réaction, une association d’hommes a été créée en 2000. Ils demandent l’égalité des sexes, un plus grand rôle pour eux dans la famille et des droits de propriété égaux pour un enfant de sexe masculin.

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Matriarchal Societies Around The Worl...
China
By Nadia Ferroukhi
24 Apr 2014

China, Yunan Mosuo of the lake Lugu For nearly 2000 years, the Mosuo society’s structure has been based around matrilineal rule : love is lived without a marriage contract, without legal constraints, only through the rhythm of feelings. Men is not aware of the status of the father, only that of an uncle. He helps his sister raising her children, but is not admitted into the family of his love unless she decides to. The rule requires him to leave the room of the lover before daybreak; it is the custom of zouhun, the «walking marriage.» The women will then decides whether the alliance will last one night or a lifetime. She will not be asked anything. She is the one who carries the family name and who holds the reins of the house. The heritage is transmitted from the mother the daughter. Unlike new emerging female communities such like in Kenya , how can an old matrilineal system live its confrontation with the outside world ? A pinch of feminism in the heart of a country of strong patriarchal tradition. In Mosuo language, the words jealousy, war, murder and rape do not even exist. Chine, Yunan les Mosuo Depuis près de 2000 ans, la société Mosuo s’est bâtie autour de règles matrilinéaires. L’amour se vit sans contrat de mariage, sans contraintes morales, au seul rythme des sentiments. L’homme n’y connaît pas le statut de père, seulement d’oncle. Il aidera sa sœur à élever ses enfants, mais ne sera pas admis dans la famille de son amoureuse sauf si elle le décide. La règle lui impose de quitter la chambre de l’amante avant le lever du jour, c’est la coutume du zouhun, le « mariage à pieds ». La femme décidera si cette alliance durera un soir ou toute une vie. Aucun compte ne lui sera demandé. C’est elle qui porte le nom de la famille et tient les rênes de la maison. Le patrimoine est transmis de mère en fille. Contrairement aux nouvelles communautés féminines émergentes, plus militantes comme au Kenya, comment un des plus ancien système matrilinéaire au monde, peut vivre sa confrontation avec le monde extérieur ? Une détonante pincée de féminisme au cœur d’un pays de forte tradition patriarcale. En langage Mosuo, les mots jalousie, guerre, meurtre et viol n’existent même pas.

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Matriarchal Societies Around The Worl...
Canhabaque, Guinea
By Nadia Ferroukhi
24 Apr 2014

Guinea Bissau The Bijagos
The lifestyle on the islands, and particularly in Canhabaque (3 500 inhabitants) the most traditional one, has remained largely intact and has not or very little been influenced by modern civilization. Women own the house, and the man moves to her house, therefore it is matrilocal. The father transmits his name to the children, it is the mother who chooses the name, and the children belong to the mother’s clan. A queen rules the island. There is also a king but his role is limited, he is only the spokes-man. They are not married to each other. A council of women elected for a lifetime governs each village. The meetings are prohibited to men. Women take all-important decisions of the village. Whether it is for rituals, traditions, particularly the one of retirement of women and men (see opposite). You could say they have an executive, administrative and judicial power. They decide on important cases of the village / tabanca.

Guinée-Bissau les Bijagos
Le mode de vie dans les archipels, et particulièrement sur l’île de Canhabaque (3 500 habitants), la plus traditionnelle des îles, est resté pratiquement intact et n’a pas ou peu subi l’influence de la civilisation moderne...

La maison est la propriété de la femme et l’homme emménage chez sa femme, dit matrilocale. Bien que le père transmette son patronyme aux enfants, c’est la mère qui choisit le prénom, et c’est à son clan qu’ils sont liés. L’île est gouvernée par une reine. Il existe aussi un roi, mais son rôle y est limité, il est un simple porte-parole. Ils ne sont pas mariés entre eux. Chaque village est dirigé par un conseil de femmes élu pour un mandat à vie. Les réunions sont interdites aux hommes. Les femmes prennent toutes les décisions importantes au village. Que ce soit pour les rituels, les traditions comme en particulier les décisions concernant la retraite des femmes (3 ans) et celle des hommes (10 ans). On pourrait dire qu’elles ont un pouvoir exécutif, administratif et judiciaire. Elles décident des affaires importantes du village (tabanca).

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Matriarchal Societies Around The Worl...
West Sumatra, Indonesia
By Nadia Ferroukhi
24 Apr 2014

The Minangkabau
The fourth ethnic group of Indonesia by its population, the Minangkabau are known as the largest matrilineal society in today’s world. They count four million inhabitants, that is 3 % of the Indonesian population. Minangkabau are famous in Indonesia and in Malaysia for their social matrilineal system, in which all the hereditary property is passed on from mother to daughter and the family tree is centered around the women. The biological father is not the child’s tutor, the maternal uncle (mamak) is. After the wedding ceremony, the husband enters the family group of his wife and moves to her house. In case of divorce, the husband collects his clothes and leaves, the woman keeps the children, the real estates and the furniture remain the woman’s property. However, men have the responsibility to share their success with the village, they also take care of religious and political affairs. The traditional religion was replaced by an Islam which grants a major place to women, by preserving elements of the custom (adat), which before the arrival of Islam, associated animistic elements and the Hindu culture.

les Minangkabau
Quatrième groupe ethnique de l’Indonésie par sa population, les Minangkabau sont connus comme étant la plus grande et la plus moderne société matrilinéaire dans le monde d’aujourd’hui. Ils comptent quatre millions d’habitants, c’est- à-dire 3% de la population indonésienne. Les Minangkabaus sont célèbres en Indonésie et en Malaisie pour leur système social matrilinéaire dans lequel toute la propriété héréditaire est transmise de mère en fille et l’arbre généalogique est centré sur les femmes. Le père biologique n’est pas le tuteur de l’enfant, c’est l’oncle (mamak) qui tient ce rôle. Pendant la cérémonie du mariage, l’épouse va chercher son mari chez lui avec les femmes de sa famille, le mari entre dans le groupe familial de son épouse.
En cas de divorce, le mari rassemble ses vêtements et quitte le domicile, la femme garde les enfants, les biens immobiliers et mobiliers restent la propriété des femmes.

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Matriarchal Societies Around The Worl...
Mexico, Juchitan
By Nadia Ferroukhi
24 Apr 2014

Juchitan, south of Mexico with 78 000 inhabitants, renowned for its velas (parties) which are held in May in honor of Saint-Vincent-Ferrier. Juchitan’s women’s status could make, with envy, the feminists of Central and Latin America go pale. They have always enjoyed power and independence. While Mexico is known for its strong machismo, in Juchitan in the course of the centuries, men and women conquered well identified territories of autonomy: «Women have their own space: commerce, organizing festivities, the house, the street. Men: agriculture, fishing, politics and bistros. It is one of those rare places in Mexico where the dialect of the Zapotheque people is still spoken. A preserved language, which allowed them to develop a remarkable feminine solidarity, which is the basis of their matrilineal model. The name, the home, the inheritance is passed through by women, therefore the birth of a daughter is an important celebration. At the age of fifteen during an initiatory ceremony, the girl becomes queen of the day

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Matriarchal Societies Around The Worl...
Mount Kenya, Kenya
By Nadia Ferroukhi
24 Apr 2014

Kenya, Tumaï Samburu and Turkana women Near Mount Kenya, 300 km north of Nairobi, the Samburu and Turkana women gathered to build Tumai, a village prohibited to men, except for male children until they are adults. Officially created as a women’s association, this village created in 2001 with about sixty women, was born out of difficulties faced by many divorced wives, repudiated or beaten by their husbands. Some others, raped by British soldiers in neighboring camps, had only this village as a refuge. This reportage in the village of Tumaï describes the originality of a woman’s society of the XXI st century, something new... where women were taught self-sufficiency and vote all decisions by majority vote. They have as such banned female circumcision...

Kenya les Samburu et Turkana Près du Mont Kenya à 300 km au nord de Nairobi, des femmes Samburu et Turkana se sont regroupées pour fonder Tumai, un village interdit aux hommes, à l’exception des enfants mâles, jusqu’à ce qu’ils soient adultes. Officiellement constitué en association de femmes, ce village créé en 2001 avec une soixantaine de femmes, est né des difficultés rencontrées par de nombreuses épouses divorcées, répudiées ou battues par leurs maris. Certaines autres, violées par des soldats anglais des camps voisins n’avaient que ce village comme refuge.

Ce reportage réalisé dans le village Tumaï, décrit l’originalité de cette société du XXIe siècle d’un type tout à fait nouveau, où les femmes ont appris l’autosuffisance et votent toutes les décisions importantes à la majorité des voix. Elles ont par exemple interdit l’excision. Récemment, les femmes de Tumai ont été invitées à Bukavu dans le sud-Kivu, afin de partager leur model de village de femmes. Des milliers de femmes congolaises ont défilé, une initiative du mouvement féministe, la Marche mondiale des femmes (MMF), qui voulait pointer du doigt la violence envers les femmes, utilisée dans l'est de la RDC, comme «une arme de guerre». En effet, selon l'ONU, en 2009 plus de 15 000 femmes ont été violées dans cette région où des groupes armés sont encore actifs.

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Matriarchal Societies Around The Worl...
USA, Arizona
By Nadia Ferroukhi
24 Apr 2014

Since the discovery of important oil fields within the reserve, the Navajo Nation benefits from a territorial in- dependence. The tribe’s social life is ordered around women, according to a matrilineal system, in which titles, names and property are passed on by feminine link. A woman of the group cannot marry a member of her clan, it is a real taboo, but has to join one of 50 Navajos groups scattered in the vast reserve. The number 4 is of almost divine importance in the Navajo spirituality : 4 directions, 4 colors, 4 seasons... The Navajo spirituality is based on the cult of nature, by following the rules of a sacred harmony between Mother Earth and Father sky. Kinaalda, puberty celebration. Be- fore that time, navajos cannot help in kitchen and in the household. When a Navajo girl reaches puberty, she undergoes a four day ceremony called Kinaalda, which signifies her transformation from childhood into womanhood. The ceremony is centered around the Navajo myth of the Changing woman; the first woman on Earth who was able to bear children..

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Bakery In the Opposition Controlled A...
Deir Al-Zor, Syria
By TTM Contributor 9
09 Apr 2014

The difficulty of daily life for the people in the opposition-controlled area of Deir al-Zor can be seen through the bakeries, where the prices of bread have skyrocketed, increasing to 500 Liras (before the war in Syria bread cost around 10 Liras) for a pack with only eight pieces of bread. This is due to the fact that the majority of bakeries in the city have stopped working, either due to being bombed or because of the lack of flour and fuel in the besieged city.

As a way to change this, a group of young people have invested in one of the abandoned bakeries in the city. Relying on donations from people and charity organizations, such as the Euphrates Organization affiliates to the local council one pack of bread has fallen to 25 Liras, containing 10 pieces of bread. The bakery is located in Al Jabela neighborhood, which is only meters away from the battlefront with government forces.

The people of the bakery say that there are able to feed around 500 families, both for the Al Jabela neighborhood and the surrounding neighborhoods. The first interview is with the supervisor of the bakery, Majid Al Abosh, who worked as a tailor before the revolution. The second interview is with the man in charge of working in the bakery, Mohammed Al Mohameed, a baker who had stopped working after the city was besieged, and is now back to work.

1) General Shots of the Bakery

2) Shots of children loading flour into bags

3) Shots of the workers preparing the dough

4) Shots of the dough on the rolling carpet as the workers process it

5) Shots of the pieces of dough as they roll into the oven

6) Shots of bread coming out of the oven

7) Workers grouping the bread into piles

8) Interview one :: Majid Al Abosh, Bakery Supervisor
"We produce bread daily in the liberated areas of Deir Al-Zor. We produce three days a week by collaborating with the local council and three days by collaborating with the Deir Al-Zor charity organization. We sell it at a symbolic price, just to cover the production costs. The flour we get for free from the local council, other organizations and private supporters. Ten pieces are sold for 25Liras. Friday is our day off. So families benefit from this bakery. There is an electricity problem, because of the cuts; we stopped for four days because we weren’t able to provide electricity. Finally, one of the brigades helped us provide electricity by setting diesel from the rural areas. We sell the bread for a symbolic price in order to cove the production and labor costs. The most annoying part of the job is that we can sell to one person for not more than 50 Liras, so the biggest amount of families will be able to benefit from this. There are families that bread for 50 liras is not sufficient for but there's nothing we can do. There is a project to open three more bakeries, I can't go into details but hopefully if it's god's will the project will come true and more people will benefit from this."

9) Interview two :: Mohammed Al Mohameed, Bakery Manager
"Mohammed Al Mohameed, Deir El Zor resident. We are still resilient thanks to god. I have worked as a baker before; this is my profession, to feed all the people of Deir El Zor. It is true that we are besieged and diesel and yeast are hard to get, we are suffering, not just us but the people of Deir El Zor. Electricity cuts are often but we have a generator thanks god. Even if the regime deprives us of goods and electricity we are going to feed the people of Deir El Zor and the displaced. Daily we produce a ton or two. We work in the morning and another organization covers the night shift. The Euphrates organization affiliates to the council and the organizations of the outcasts."

25/1/2014 فيديو مصور بتاريخ

يُظهر مخبز يقع في المنطقة المحررة في ديرالزور شرق سوريا حيث وصل سعر زبطة الخبز الى ٥٠٠ ليرة سورية وهو ثمن خيالي.

هذا المخبز المهجور تم استثماره من قبل مجموعة من الشباب الذين يعتمدون على تبرعات فردية والمنظمات الخيرية. وتمكن المخبز من انتاج ربطة خبز سعرها ٢٥ ليرة سورية وتحتوي 10 أرغفة وهو سعر رمزي.

يقع هذا الفرن في حي الجبيلة الذي لا يبعد سوى بضعة أمتار عن جبهة القتال الجيش السوري ويقول القائمون على الفرن ان الانتاج يكفي حاجة ما يقارب الخمسمائة عائلة من الخبز في حي الجبيلة والأحياء المجاورة وهو يعمل لستة أيام في الاسبوع .

المقابلة الأولى مع المشرف على الفرن (ماجد العبوش) كان يعمل في مجال الخياطة قبل الثورة ليتحول إلى المجال الاغاني بعد الثورة

المقابلة الثانية مع المسؤول عن تشغيل الفرن (محمد المحيميد) مسؤول تشغيل الفرن.

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Ghouta Under Siege
Eastern Ghouta, Syria
By mchreyteh
09 Apr 2014

في الغوطة الشرقية المحاصرة القصف لا يهدأ. يلجأ الناس الى استخدام علف المواشي وحبوب الذرة المتعفنة لصناعة الخبز. حاجة السكان للكهرباء جعلتهم يبحثون عن سبل بدائية لتوليد الطاقة عبر صناعات يدوية. وبعد توقف معظم المستشفيات عن العمل، تحل النساء مكان الطواقم الطبية بعد الالتحاق بدورات تدريبية على الاسعافات الاولية.

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Homs Under Siege
Homs, Syria
By Transterra Editor
09 Apr 2014

Man collecting wood from under the rubble of destroyed buildings. Homs has been under siege by the Syrian Army for almost two years. the wood is used for heating and cooking because of the absence of fuel.

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Homs: Syrian Government Controlled Area
Homs, Syria
By TTM Contributor 4
09 Apr 2014

Location: Homs, Syria
Slug: Normal life in neighborhoods controlled by Syrian regime, Humanitarian aid being distributed to pro-government families, rebels-held devastated areas
Duration: 05’ 32”
Sound/Language: Natural/Arabic
Source: TransTerra media
Restrictions: TransTerra Media clients
Dateline: Feb/2nd/2014

Shotlist:

  1. Wide of Syrian Arab Red Crescent centre in a pro-government area in Homs, UN and SARC vehicles parked there
  2. Med of UNHCR and SARC vehicles parked outside the centre
  3. Two med shots of food materials being delivered to resident of Ikrima neighborhood in Homs
  4. Med of sunflower oil box at a SARC centre while distributing food to the resident, reading on the box in arabic: World Food Program
  5. Med of SARC storehouse full of boxes and rice bags and two workers are carrying them out
  6. Close of a box reading in both Arabic and English: World Food Program; sunflower oil; fortified with vitamins A&D
  7. Wide of people looking for their names in lists pasted on the wall of SARC center
  8. Pan from lists of names of the families to people enqueued at a window of SARC centre
  9. Wide of people inline at the door of SARC centre
  10. Med of children standing beside their families inline at SARC centre
  11. Pan from a sign reading: Syrian Arab Red Crescent, Branch of Homs, Ikrima point to people in queue at the door of the center
  12. Med of a woman searching a list on a wall for her name
  13. Pan of blankets and boxes of aid inside a SARC storeroom
  14. Pan of a worker at SARC center coming out a storeroom carrying a box and handing to an elderly man
  15. Med of WFP members talking in SARC center
  16. Med of SARC members inside the center
  17. Med of SARC members checking documents at a SARC center
  18. street of Ikrima neighborhood in one of the government-held areas in Homs
  19. Med of people walking along pavement in Ikrima
  20. Two shots of streets in government-held Homs
  21. (FOX POPS)(arabic) man on the street, no name given
    “ As you can see, things are so good here, people are shopping, look at the sandwiches shops, and all shops are functioning well, thank God, and all are happy. But remains the shells that are falling. It costs us a lot of martyrs, and cause a lot of material damages. It’s all coming from down there.”
  22. Med of people walking along pavement while other are stopping at shops
  23. (FOX POPS)(arabic) man on the street, no name given
    “ We are in Ikrima neighborhood, the Pyramids str. Thank God; things are fine, excellent. All people are in their shops as you can see; all are working. Rockets and shells are the only thing that is frightening people. In a moment you can see people in the street, and all of a sudden all disappear, they run to their houses and do not get back to their normal life in a couple of days.”
  24. wide of a street in al-Nazha government-held neighborhood
  25. (FOX POPS)(arabic) man on the street, no name given
    “ We are now in al-Nazha neighborhood, we are living a very normal life, all materials are available and there no problems, but sometimes we get worry of the shells that fell. But life, services and living is so fine and all is available here”
  26. Med of pavement and people walking
  27. GV of Old Homs square, filmed from a high building in the government-controlled area
  28. GV of a rebel-held area in the old city of Homs, showing Notre Dame de Paix church
  29. GV of Khldiyyeh neighborhood, Khaled Ibn al-Walid mosque can be seen (one of the most famous and ancient mosques in Homs)
  30. Closer shot of Khled Ibn al-Walid mosque in Homs
  31. Various wide shots of destroyed previously rebels-held neighborhoods in the old city, devastated building can be seen
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Homemade cell phone antennas in Syria
By Jawad Arbini
09 Apr 2014

People living in besieged East Ghouta - 6 KM East of Damascus - have been coping with power outages and communications blackouts for a year and a half now. Communicating with family members or friends living outside East Ghouta is almost impossible, as mobile phone signals are nearly nonexistent. To make a call, people have to climb on their roof, which exposes them to shelling.

Phone call centers are installing expensive antennas and signal boosters, but most Syrians in East Ghouta cannot afford that. As a result, people have invented an ingenious and cheap (the antenna only costs 1500 Liras or 10 USD) antenna that is made with pottery in the middle of an aluminum container, wrapped in aluminum or copper cable. The antenna is designed to boost mobile phone signals. It is then wired to the house through copper wires wrapped around wood panels. The wires reach down to the homes where it transmits a signal for a cell phone call.

Interviews:

-Abu Mohammad - Works in installing the makeshift antennas: Here we made a makeshift antenna for phone signals. If we're going to get a real one, it will cost us 2 to 300 thousand liras. We're making them with our own hands, using aluminum cookers or street light covers. We're getting the equipment from the regime (laughs). We put a piece of pottery in the middle and wrap it with copper cable and we link a digital cable and take it down to the room. The coverage is 100% and it saves energy. The electricity has been cut for almost a year now. We can't even find batteries. If we want to make a phone call, we have to go on the roof and get shelled. With these antennas we can even use cellphones in basements.

  • Interviewer: Is there a demand for this by people?

  • Abu Mohammad (continued): We're making a lot of these for people. There's a lot of demand, this could even be exported to neighboring countries.

  • Abu Mahmoud - local: The people in East Ghouta are under siege. We are resorting to hand made inventions in order to be able to communicate with family and friends on the outside. Before we had to go to the roofs of high buildings to make phone calls, which is very dangerous, because of shelling and bombing. What we're trying to do here is to get the signal to people's homes so they don't need to go up on the roofs anymore, because that's really dangerous.

  • Abu Younes - Local that had a makeshift antenna installed at his house: We have problem sometimes, like signals covering on other signals. There you have to adjust the makeshift antennas until you get a clear signal. If the cable is made of copper it's better for the 3G signal.

  • Mohammad Al Hakim - Media Activist: These makeshift antennas don't cost more than 1500 Liras. Just the price of the digital cable.

  • Interviewer: Are these new ways working?

  • Mohammad Al Hakim (continued): Like you saw, at the moment more than a 1000 homes are using this method. It's been around for 20 days since we've invented the model. The 1000 to 1500 people who got the antennas installed are talking on their cellphones as if it was the government's signal.

Shot list:
- Various Rooftop shots - Various shots of makeshift antennas - Various shots of the cable heading down to rooms - Various shots of people talking on their cellphones using this new method

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Syrians Use Trash As Source of Altern...
By Transterra Editor
09 Apr 2014

Farmers in rebel-controlled Douma, northeast of Damascus, are finding creative ways to run their irrigation machines in lieu of a steady supply of gas. They, along with other locals, are now using trash and animal remains to extract methane gas from waste as a source of alternative energy.

This video shows the specific process of making this gas, from filling a hole in the ground with the waste, adding water, and covering it after with plastic bags. They then wait for the methane gas to be produced. Using tubes, they transport the gas into tanks and reservoirs.

Transcription:

Adnan Mbayyed - Agriculture Engineer
Currently, we found an alternative solution for producing energy by using gas holes in specific measurements, which depend on what we want to use it for. The hole is approximately 3-4 meters wide, and 75 cm. deep. Cow feces and some plants and grass are put in the hole and tightly covered with plastic. We water this combination, and due to the reaction of the material inside the plastic cover, methane gas is produced. This gas gets filtered and sent either directly to the generator, or to the ovens to be used for cooking.

Abo Aboud - Farmer
After I saw how expensive gas has become, and I needed to use my generator for watering my plants and animals, the local committee told me about this alternative and they taught me how to do this hole to produce gas. Because of this hole, now I am watering my land, and my animals have water to drink, and I also have gas to be used at home as well.

Abo Aboud - Farmer
This hole is in its final stages. Everyday, the gas it produces helps us get our generators working so we can extract water from the ground.