Registering Newborn Babies by Smartphone [Rough Cut]

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According to a report published in 2013 by UNICEF “One in three children under-five does not officially exist”.
The report says “the births of nearly 230 million children under-five have never been registered; approximately one in three of all children under-five around the world.”
Children unregistered at birth will not have documentation proving who they are, including a birth certificate, which can deny them from accessing education, health care and social security programs and from obtaining a passport.
For poor families in underdeveloped countries, especially those living in remote areas, registering a birth can mean having to travel a great distance to a government office which they do not have time to do or for which they are not able to afford the cost.
Adama Sawadogo, a documentation security consultant in Burkina Faso worked three years on an invention he calls ‘iCivil’ that could revolutionize the registration of children. iCivil couples the SMS text capabilities of a smartphone with a secure authentication technology called ‘Bubble Tag’, developed by the French company Prooftag.
A newborn child receives a wrist bracelet with a QR (Quick Response) barcode which can be scanned by the smartphone. Details of the child’s birth are then sent as an SMS message to a central computer server operated by the government of the country.

Shotlist

  1. 00.00-00.03 : General view of the hospital where iCivil is in use
  2. 00.03-00.08: General view of the Arrival of the inventor, Adama Sawadogo, in the hospital with the midwife.
  3. 00.08-00.20: General view of Adama Sawadogo (left), the midwife (right) and the mother of the newborn baby in the middle
  4. 00.20- 00.42: Soundbite of Adama Sawadogo
  5. 00.42-00.52: Close up of the smartphone with the application iCivil
  6. 00.52-01.14: Soundbite of Adama Sawadogo
  7. 01.14-01.21: Close-up application iCivil and soundbite Adama Sawadogo
  8. 01.21-01.29: Close-up of the scanning of the bracelet with soundbite Adama Sawadogo
  9. 01.29-01.48:Close-up application iCivil and soundbite Adama Sawadogo
  10. 01.48-02.02: Close-up of the midwife that puts the bracelet with the bubble-code on the wrists of the baby.
  11. 02.02-02.10: Close-up of the bubble code on the baby's bracelet
  12. 02.10-02.14: Medium shot of the mother and her baby
  13. 02.14-02.20: Close-up of the baby wearing the bracelet
  14. 02.20-02.28: Medium shot of the mother and her baby
  15. 02.28-02.44: Soundbite midwife and Adama Sawadogo (wide)
  16. 02.44- 03.00: Soundbite Adama Sawadogo (wide)
  17. 03.00-03.06: Close-up baby
  18. 03.06-03.13: Medium shot mother and the baby
  19. 03.13-03.23: Close-up mother of newborn baby
  20. 03.23-03.29: Medium shot Adama Sawadogo showing the old paper declaration forms that had to be handed in by the parents.
  21. 03.29-03.35: Close-up of the old paper declaration form
  22. 03.35-03.49: Medium and closer shot of midwife dressing the baby
  23. 03.49-03.54: Wide shot hospital room
  24. 03.54-04.00: Medium shot of a family member taking over the baby of the mother
  25. 04.00-04.07: Close-up baby asleep
  26. 04.07-04.15: Adama Sawadogo walking through the hospital
  27. 04.15-04.21: Medium shot of student-nurses in the hospital
  28. 04.21-04.25: Close-up of the nurses' uniform
  29. 04.25-04.33: Close-up Adama Sawadogo talking
  30. 04.33- 04.47: Medium shot soundbite Adama Sawadogo
  31. 04.47-04.57: Close-up toes of the baby
  32. 04.57-05.08: Soundbite medium shot Adama Sawadogo on the left and the mother with the baby on the right
  33. 05.08-06.54: Several soundbites of Adama Sawadogo

Script

  1. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 00.21 – 00.43 The midwife will insert all the information about the baby, like the sex of the child, his first name,... If they don't know the name yet we will fill in the name of the parents. Afterwards we will insert the date and the hour of birth.
  2. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 00.46 – 00.51 The midwife already inserted her identifying code, everyone has to identify himself in the system; so she inserted her code.
  3. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 00.52 – 01.01 Every bracelet has a unique bubble-code which lets us identify the child that was just born.
  4. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 01.01 – 01.13 Once we scan the bracelet using the QR-code, the application will automatically generate a field to declare the birth.
  5. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 01.14 – 01.29 So here you can see that the position of the GPS has been activated. This permits the system to know where the child was born and declared, and who did the declaration. So we will continue into the scanning mode and scan the bubble code.
  6. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 01.30 – 01.36 The smartphone recognized the bubble code and he systematically he will capture and show all the information that is required to fill in.
  7. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 01.37 – 01.43 Once the this is done, we click on validate and we enter the place of birth. Afterwards the information will be sent.
  8. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 02.28 – 02.42 She says she's happy, she doesn't have identity papers herself. She doesn't have a birth certificate either or identity card. So for the child it's very welcome to be able to get out of this cycle.
  9. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 02.44 – 03.00 You're very lucky if you're registered at birth. Globally there are 250 million children younger that five years old who have never been registered. When the child is not registered it’s rights are not recognized.
  10. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 04.33 – 04.46 Every time I see the bracelet on the arm of a baby I see another baby that has been saved. That alone makes my day just great.
  11. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 04.57 – 05.07 Did you already have a lot of problems because of the lack of identity documents? The police always stop me because I don't have any papers. Do you have to pay? Yes, every time.
  12. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 05.08 – 05.23 It all started with a personal story. I wanted to build a school in the the village of my mother. When gathering children for the school I realized that of the 105 children that came to class only five had a birth certificate.
  13. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: : 05.23 – 05.39 iCivil is already operational in Burkina Faso and other countries are interested as well; Niger, Benin , Mali and Ivory Coast. We are also contacting all the other African countries, because the application is very relevant for them as well.
  14. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 05.39 – 06.10 We manage to register children of all ages and from every social status at the civil service immediately. This permits countries to better plan their development policies because at least they will know the number of inhabitants, their age, sex and population distribution. So it's a technological advance that permits the country to be autonomous and to be capable of correctly planning the development of their country.
  15. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 06.10 – 06.22 In Africa 50% of the population has not been registered. Where does it go wrong? When the child is born the parents have to declare the baby with a paper certificate that they have to bring to the nearest registration office.
  16. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: : 06.22 – 06.36 The problem is on one hand the distance; some have to travel more than 50 kilometers by foot. Sometimes people can't even reach the offices because of flooded rivers etcetera. On the other hand there's the deadline. In some countries they have to bring in the declaration within 30 days of the birth.
  17. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 06.36 – 06.42 So the combination of the limited time and the distance they have to travel compromises the transfer of the paper declaration to the civil registration service.
  18. soundbite (French)
    Aadama Sawadogo, Documentation Security Consultant: 06.42 – 06.53 I worked for three years on this project with Francis Bourrière, the president of Prooftag, the inventor of the bubble code. Together we worked out a mobile application called iCivil which was created for African countries.